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The Diatessaron

    The first harmony of the Gospels
    tr. Hope W. Hogg modified by Alan Humm

    The underlying English translation was done by Hope W. Hogg, (see citation below), as part of the monumental Ante-Nicene Fathers series and turned into electronic form by the Christian Classics Etherial Library whose efforts have gone so far to extend the world of on-line scholarship. I have made a few changes, as noted below. The notes are Hogg’s, not mine, unless they end in “[AH]”. Please notify me of any errors — they are probably my fault. E-mail me
    -Alan Humm
    Tatian’s Diatessaron (from the Greek δια τεσσαρον = through four) was the first harmony of the four [now canonical] gospels. One could argue that it was not an entirely new idea, by citing the two source theory and claiming that both Matthew and Luke were creating harmonies of Mark, Q, and their own independent sources. Well, OK, but this was certainly a massive undertaking. Many scholars believe that Tatian produced both a Greek and a Syriac (Aramiac) version of his harmony. We certainly know that both existed, but neither has survived into the modern period. The Greek version never really caught on in the West, but the Syriac was for a long time the gospel in Syria. But somehow Tatian picked up a, probably undeserved, reputation for having heretical tendencies. Of course, in the second & third centuries, everyone was a heretic in someone’s eyes (umm…sort of like today). As a result of this reputation, after the Church central had managed to bring most areas (including Syria) together in recognizing and using the same New Testament, copies of Tatian’s harmony were systematically collected and eventually lost.
    Since it was, after all, a harmony of the four canonical gospels, enterprising ancients had made notes regarding which passages were used, and in what order. So it is to some extent possible to reconstruct the original by simply going to our New Testaments and piecing together a harmony corresponding to the original Diatessaron. From a modern scholarly point of view, this adds little to our general knowledge, and, in any case would likely look different than what a modern scholarly harmonizer would do, if for some reason there was a reason to do such a thing. [For example, most moderns would argue that the tax-collector that Matthew calls Matthew is the same person that Luke calls Levi. Tatian sees them as two different people and includes two different, but almost identical, apostolic call stories accordingly.] Modern scholars wish some copy of the Diatessaron had survived because it would represent an independent witness to the text of the Gospels. It would be even better if a full copy of the Greek version managed to surface. But as of this writing, no such luck.

    Although most of the stories in the canonical gospels are represented in some form in the Diatessaron, Tatian left out the genealogies (in Matthew and Luke, in part, I am sure, because they could not be easily harmonized), and the story of the woman caught in adultery from John 7:53 – 8:11 (most likely because it was not in his copy of John). Passages from the canonical four have been added over time where Tatian left them out, and it may be that others not found in the canon have been deleted. The text of some version was systematically conformed to that of either the Vulgate or the Peshitta. Ancient descriptions of the work do not all agree on how it began (with what texts). Doubtless there were other differences as well.

    What we do have is a 12-14th century manuscript of a translation from Syriac into Arabic (and then, later, from Arabic to Latin), plus another 14th c. Arabic ms., probably deriving ultimately from the same translation. We have (1) some 80% of a commentary on Tatian’s Syriac, which was itself written in Syriac (by Ephraim the Syrian (d. 373)) containing some quotations, (2) quotations in Syriac from a New Testament commentary by Isho’dad of Merv (circ. 852), and (3) a Persian version. In addition there are two Greek fragments (Papyrus 25 and Dura parchment 24) which may be the only surviving remnants of the Greek version.

    This translation is based on the first Arabic text above, with notes from the translator providing information from other available sources when appropriate. At the time that the translation was made, Ephraim survived only in Armenian translation, and was consequently of limited use, the Greek fragments had not yet been discovered, and, apparently, the Persian version was unknown to Rev. Hogg (the translator).

    I have updated some of the language, simply because of the archaizing tendencies of 19th century translation (of religious texts), but only somewhat since Hogg says he is maintaining a literalism in order to preserve the Arabic variants. I will include reference to the Greek fragments, because I have access to them, in the appropriate places, but I will have to check the Syriac sources (those unavailable to Hogg) later. I have also put announced quotations from the Jewish Scriptures in italics (by ‘announced’ I mean that the text introduces the passage with something like, “as Isaiah wrote:”). I have not done so with hidden (unannounced) quotations. Hogg has his own italics, which as in the KJV indicate words added by the editor, even though they are not literally present in the text (they are implied). It should be clear enough which are my italics and which Hogg’s. And, finally, I have added quotation marks. This last point is clearly interpretative-it is not unusual that some readers will think that a quotation should run longer than I have marked it [For example, in 6.13/14, I end John’s quotation after the word ‘decrease,’ where another might argue that John is still speaking through the end of 19 (which I view as the editor [in this case John the evangelist] adding his own comments)]. If you disagree with me, feel free to ignore my marks.

    Original source:
    Tr. Hogg, Hope W. From Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. 9. Edited by Alexander Roberts, James Donaldson, and A. Cleveland Coxe. (Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1886.)

    For the Arabic version, go here.

    Section 1

    1 (John 1.1-5) In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and God is the 2,3 Word. This was in the beginning with God. Everything was by his hand, and 4 without him not even one existing thing was made. In him was life, and the life 5 is the light of men. (v.5) And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not apprehend it.
    6 [1] (Luke 1.5-23) There was in the days of Herod the king a priest whose name was Zacharias, of the family of Abijah; and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name 7 was Elizabeth. They were both righteous before God, being obedient to all his commands, 8 and honorable before God above reproach. They had no son, because 9 Elizabeth was infertile, and they had both grown old. While he performed 10 {A 2} the duties of priest in the performance of his service before God, according to the custom of the priesthood, it was his turn to burn incense; so he entered the 11 temple of the Lord (v.10) while the whole gathering of the people were praying outside at the 12 time of the incense . Then the angel of the Lord appeared to Zacharias, standing 13 at the right of the altar of incense; and Zacharias was distressed when he saw him, 14 and afraid. But the angel said to him, “Do not be disturbed, [2] Zacharias; your prayer has been heard, and your wife Elizabeth will give you a son, and you will 15 call his name John; and you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice 16 at his birth. (v.15) He will be great before the Lord, and will not drink wine nor strong drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit [3] while he is in his mother’s 17 womb. He will turn back many of the children of Israel to the Lord their 18 God. He will go before him in the spirit, and in the power of Elijah the prophet, to turn the hearts of the fathers back to the sons, and those that are disobedient to the knowledge [4] of the righteous; and to prepare a perfect people for the Lord.”
    19 Then Zacharias said to the angel, “How will I know this, since I am an old man 20 and my wife is well along in years?”
    The angel answered him, “I am Gabriel, that stands before God; and I was sent to speak to you, and give 21 you news of this. (v.20) From this point on you will be speechless, and will not be able to speak until the day when this happens, because you did not trust 22 this my word, which will be accomplished in its time.”
    The people were standing {A 3} waiting for Zacharias, and they were puzzled at his taking so long in the temple. 23 When Zacharias came out, he was not able to speak to them: so they knew that he had seen a vision in the temple; ao he made signs to them, and 24 continued to be mute. When the time of his service were completed, he departed to his house.

    25 (Luke 1.24-25) In due time Elizabeth his wife conceived; but she concealed her condition for five 26 months, telling herself, (v.25) “The Lord done this to me at the time when he considered me, to remove my disgrace in front of others.”

    27 (Luke 1.26-38) Then [5] in the sixth month Gabriel the angel was sent from God to Galilee [6] to a 28 city called Nazareth, to a maiden engaged to a man named Joseph, from the 29 house of David; and the maiden’s name was Mary. The angel came to her and said to her, “Peace be upon you, you who are filled with grace. Our Lord 30 is with you, you are blessed among women.” When she saw this, she was distressed 31 at his what he said, and considered what this greeting could mean. (v.30) Then the angel said to 32 her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favor with God. You will now conceive, 33 and give birth to a son, and call his name Jesus. This one will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of 34 David his father, and he will rule over the house of Jacob forever. There will be no end to his 35 kingdom.”
    Mary said to the angel, “How will this happen to 36 me when I have not slept with a man?”
    (v.35) The angel answered her, “The {A 4> Holy Spirit will come, and the power of the Most High will rest on you, and so the one that is born from you will be pure, and will be called the Son 37 of God. And see, Elizabeth your kinswoman, has also conceived a son in her old 38 age; and this is the sixth month with her, who was called infertile. Because nothing is 39 difficult for God.”
    Mary said, “Here I am the servant of the Lord; let it be to me according to your word.” And the angel departed from her.

    40 (Luke 1.39-46) Then Mary got up in those days and went quickly into the hill country, [7] to a [8] 41 city of Judah; (v.40) and entered the house of Zacharias, and inquired regarding Elizabeth’s health. 42. When Elizabeth heard the Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in 43 her womb. Then Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit; and cried loudly to Mary,

    “You are blessed among women,
    and the fruit 44 that is in your womb is blessed.
    “How did I earn this privilege, that the mother of my 45 Lord should visit me? When the sound of your greeting reached my ears, 46 the baby rejoiced in my womb with great joy. (v.45) And she is blessed who believed 47 that what was spoken to her by the Lord would be fulfilled.” Then Mary said,
    “My soul magnifies the Lord,
    48 and my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior,
    49 Who has looked on the low class of his servant-girl:
    now all generations [9] will pronounce blessing on me.
    50 For [10] he has done great things for me, who is mighty,
    and holy is his name.
    51 (v.50) His mercy embraces those who hold him in awe,
    throughout the ages and the times.
    52 {A 5} He accomplished the victory with his arm,
    and scattered those who prided themselves in their opinions.
    53 He overthrew those who acted arrogantly from their thrones,
    and lifted up the humble.
    54 He satisfied the hungry with good things,
    and left the rich without anything.
    55 He helped Israel his servant,
    and remembered his mercy
    56 (v55) (Fulfilling what he said to our fathers)
    to Abraham and to his seed forever.”
    57 (Luke 1.56) So Mary lived with Elizabeth about three months, and returned to her house.
    58, 59 (Luke 1.57-66) Elizabeth’s time for delivery came; and she had a son. When her neighbors and kinsfolk heard that God had multiplied his mercy towards her; 60 and they rejoiced with her. On [11] the eighth day, they came to circumcise the child, and called him Zacharias, naming him after his father. 61 (v60) But his mother answered them, “No, rather he will be called John.”
    62 They said to her, “There is no man among your relatives that has this name.” 63, 64 So they made signs to his father, “What do you wish to name him?”
    He asked for a tablet, and wrote, “His name is John.”
    Every was surprised. 65 Then immediately his mouth was opened, and his tongue , and he spoke 66 praising God. (v65) All their neighbors were awestruck: and this was told of [12] in all 67 the mountains of Judah. All who heard considered in themselves, “What will this child be?” And the hand of the Lord was with him.

    68 (Luke 1.67-79) And Zacharias his father was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied,

    69 “Blessed is the Lord, the God of Israel,
    who has cared for his people, and prepared salvation for them;
    70 He has raised for us the horn of salvation
    {A 6} in the house of David his servant
    71 (v70) (As he spoke through his holy prophets from eternity),
    72 that he would save us from our enemies,
    and from the hand of all those who hate us.
    73 He has shown his mercy towards our fathers,
    and remembered his holy covenants,
    74 The oath which he swore to Abraham our father,
    75 that he would give us deliverance from the hand of our enemies,
    Without fear we will [13] serve before him
    76 (v75) all our lives with equity and righteousness.
    77 As for you, O child, you will be called ‘prophet of the Most High’.
    you will go out before the face of the Lord to prepare his way,
    78 To give the knowledge of salvation [14] to his people,
    for the forgiveness of their sins,
    79 Through the mercy of [15] the compassion of our God,
    by which he cares for [16] us, to appear [17] from on high
    80 To give light to those who sit in darkness and under the shadow of death,
    and to direct our feet in the way of peace.”
    81 (Luke 1.80) The child grew and became strong in the spirit, and lived in the desert until the time of his appearing to the children of Israel.

    Section 2

    1 {A 7} (Matt. 1.18-22) Now [18] the birth of Jesus the Messiah was in this fashion: In the time when his mother was engaged to Joseph, before they consummated, 2 it was discovered that she was pregnant by the Holy Spirit. Now Joseph, her husband-to-be, was a just man and did not wish to expose her, so he planned to separate her privately. 3 (v20) But as he was thinking about this, the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, and told him, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what 4 is conceived [19] in her is from the Holy Spirit. She will bear a son, and you will 5 call his name Jesus, and he will save [20] his people from their sins.” All this was that the saying from the Lord by the prophet might be fulfilled:
    6 (Matt. 1.23) Look, the maiden will conceive, and bear a son,
    And they will call his name Immanuel,
    7 which translates as, “Our God is with us.” (Matt. 1.24-25a) When Joseph got up from his 8 sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord instructed him, and took his wife; (v25a) but was not intimate with her until she gave birth to her firstborn son.
    9 (Luke 2.1-7) In those days a decree was disseminated from Augustus Caesar that all the 10 people of his dominion [21] should be enrolled. This first enrolment was [22] while Quirinius 11, 12 was governor of Syria. So every man went to be enrolled in his city. And Joseph went up also from Nazareth, a city in Galilee, to Judaea, to the city of David 13 which is called Bethlehem (since he was from the family of David and from his tribe), (v5) with 14 {A 8} Mary his fiancée, while she was pregnant, to be enrolled there. Then while 15 she was there the time for her delivery arrived. So she gave birth to her firstborn son; and she wrapped him in swaddling cloth and laid him in a feeding-box, because there was no place for them where they were staying.

    16 (Luke 2.8-13) Now there were shepherds staying in that area, keeping their flock during the night-watch, 17 when the angel of God came to them, and the glory of the 18 Lord shone on them; and they were deeply terrified. (v10) Then the angel said to them, “Do not be terrified; for I am bringing you extremely joyous news which will be for the 19 whole world; a Savior has been born to you today in the city of David, who is the Lord-Messiah. 20. And this is a sign for you: you will find a baby wrapped 21 in swaddling cloth and laid in a feeding-box.”
    And suddenly many heavenly forces appeared with the angels praising [23] God and saying,

    22 (Luke 2.14) “Praise be to God in the highest,
    And on the earth peace, and good hope to people.”
    23 (Luke 2.15-20) When the angels left them to return to heaven, the shepherds spoke to one another and said, “We will go to Bethlehem and see this thing which has happened, as 24 the Lord revealed to us.” So they came quickly, and found Mary and 25 Joseph, and the baby laid in a feeding-box. Then when they saw this, they reported the things 26 which were told to them about the child. Then all that heard were amazed by the 27 description which the shepherds gave. But Mary kept these [24] sayings 28 and stored [25] them away in her heart. (v20) Then the shepherds returned, magnifying and praising God for all that they had seen and heard, just as it was described to them.
    29 {A 9} (Luke 2.21) When eight days were complete so that the child should be circumcised, he was named Jesus, that being what the angel had called him before his conception.

    30 (Luke 2.22-28) When the days of their ritual cleansing according to the law of Moses were 31 finished, they took him up to Jerusalem to present him before the Lord (as it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male opening the womb will be called the 32 holy thing of the Lord), and to give a sacrificial victim as it is said in the law of 33 the Lord, A pair of doves or two young pigeons. (v25) Now there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon; and this man was decent and pious, and looking for 34 the consolation of Israel; and the Holy Spirit was on him. He had been told by the Holy Spirit, that he would not die until he had seen the Messiah of the Lord with 35 his eyes. [25a] This man, by the Spirit, came to the temple; at the time when his parents brought in the child Jesus, so that they could 36 present a sacrifice for him, as it is written in the law. He took him in his arms and praised God saying,

    37 (Luke 2.29-32) “Now loose the bonds of your servant, O Lord, in peace, [26]
    according to your saying;
    38 (v30) For my eye has witnessed your mercy,
    39 which you have made ready for the whole world;
    40 A light for the unveiling [27] of the nations,
    and a glory to your people Israel.”
    41 (Luke 2.33-39) Joseph and his mother were marveling at the things which were being said 42 concerning him. Then Simeon blessed them and said to his mother Mary,
    “You watch, he is set for the overthrow and rising of many in Israel;
    and for a sign of controversy;
    43 (v35) and a spear [28] will pierce [29] through yours own soul;
    so that the private thoughts 44 {A 10} of many may be revealed.”
    Anna the prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher, was also getting on (she dwelt 45 with her husband seven years from her maidenhood, and she had remained a widow for about eighty-four years). She did not leave the temple, and served night and day with 46 fasting and prayer. She also got up at that time and thanked the Lord, and she 47 spoke of him with everyone who was expecting the deliverance of Jerusalem. When they had accomplished everything according to what is in the law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to Nazareth their city.

    Section 3

    1, 2 (Matt. 2.1b-5) And after that, [30] the Magi came from the east to Jerusalem, and said, “Where is the King of the Jews which was born? We have seen his star in the east, and have 3 come to worship him.”
    When Herod the king heard, he was troubled, and all 4 Jerusalem with him. So he gathered all the chief priests and the scribes of the 5 people, and asked them in what place [31] the Messiah was supposed to be born. (v5) They said, “In Bethlehem of Judaea: thus it is written in the prophet,
    6 (Matt. 2.6) You also, Bethlehem of Judah,
    are not contemptible among the kings of Judah:
    A king will go out from you,
    and he will be a shepherd to my people Israel.”
    7 (Matt. 2.7-12) Herod called the Magi privately, and asked them the time at which 8 the star had appeared to them. Then he sent them to Bethlehem, and told them, “Go and search for the child diligently; and when you have found him, come and 9 tell me, so that I may also go and worship him.” When they {A 11} heard the king, they departed; and look! the star which they had seen in the east went in front of them, until it came and stood above the place where the child 10, 11 was. (v.10) When they saw the star, they were very glad. So they entered the house and saw the child with Mary his mother, and fell down worshipping him, and opened their saddle-bags and offered him offerings, gold and 12 myrrh and frankincense. Then they saw in a dream [32] that they should not return to Herod, so they returned to their country by another route.
    13 (Matt. 2.13-17) After they had left, the angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph, and told him, “Get up, take the child and his mother, and escape into Egypt, and stay there until I speak to you; because Herod is determined to look for the child 14 in order to slay him.” So Joseph got up and took the child and his mother in the night, and 15 escaped into Egypt, (v.15) staying there until the time that Herod died: so that it might was fulfilled what was said by the Lord in the prophet, who said, From 16 Egypt I called my son. Herod, when he saw that he had been tricked by the Magi, was very angry, and sent and killed all the male children who were in Bethlehem and all around it, from two years old and under, according to the time 17 which he had inquired from the Magi. Then was fulfilled the saying in Jeremiah the prophet,

    18 (Matt. 2.18) A voice was heard in Ramah,
    weeping and much lamentation;
    Rachel weeping [33] for her children,
    and inconsolable because of their loss.
    19 (Matt. 2.19-23) But when Herod the king died, the angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to 20 Joseph in Egypt, (v.20) and said to him, “Rise and take the child and his mother, and {A 12} go into the land of Israel; the ones who sought the child’s life have died.” 21 Then Joseph got up and took the child and his mother, and came to the land 22 of Israel. But when he heard that Archelaus had become king over Judaea instead of Herod his father, he was afraid to go there; and he saw in a dream that he should 23 go into the land of Galilee, and that he should live in a city called Nazareth: so that the saying in the prophet might be fulfilled, that he should be called a Nazarene.
    24 (Luke 2.40) So the child grew, and became strong in spirit, becoming filled with wisdom; and the grace of God was on him.

    25 (Luke 2.41-51) Now his relatives [34] used to go every year to Jerusalem at the feast of the Passover. 26 So when he was twelve years old they went up to the feast, as was their custom, 27 When the festival was over, they returned; but the child 28 Jesus stayed in Jerusalem. Joseph and his mother did not know: but they assumed that he was with the children of their company. When they had gone one day’s journey, they looked for him among their people and those who knew them, 29 but they did not find him, (v.45) so they returned to Jerusalem and looked for him again. 30 After three days they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, 31 hearing them and asking them questions; and everyone who heard him marveled at 32 his wisdom and his words. When they saw him they were amazed, and his mother said to him, “My son, why have you dealt with us this way? look, your father and I 33 have been most anxiously looking for you.”
    He said to them, “Why were 34 you looking for me? Do you not know [35] that I must be in the house of my Father?” (v.50) But they 35 did not understand what he was telling them. So he went down with them, and came to Nazareth; and he was obedient to them: but his mother used to keep all these sayings in her heart.

    36 {A 13} (Luke 2.52) So Jesus grew in his stature and wisdom, and in grace with God and people.

    37 (Luke 3.1-3a) In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate was governor in Judaea, and one of the four rulers Herod in Galilee, Philip his brother, the one of the four rulers in Ituraea and in the district of Trachonitis, and 38 Lysanias the one of the four rulers in Abilene ( during the chief-priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas). Then the command [36] of God came to John the son of Zacharias in the 39 desert. So he came into all the region around Jordan, proclaiming the 40 baptism of repentance for [3] the forgiveness of sins. (Matt. 3.1b-3a) He was preaching in the 41 wilderness of Judaea, and saying, “Repent! the kingdom of heaven is come near.” 42 He is the one that was spoken of in Isaiah the prophet,

    The voice which cries in the desert,
    small>43 ( Luke 3.4b-6) “Prepare the way of the Lord,

    44 All the valleys will be filled,
    And all the mountains and hills will become low;
    The rough will become plain,
    and the difficult place, easy;
    45 And all flesh will see the salvation [38] of God”.
    46 (John1.7-17) This man came to testify, that he might testify to the light, so that 47 everyone might believe through his intermediation. He was not the light, but came so that he 48 could testify to the light, which was the light of truth, that gives light to 49 everyone coming into the world. (v.10) He was in the world, and the world was made 50 by him, and the world did not know 51 him. He came to his own, and his own did not receive him. But to those who received him he gave the power [39] that they could 52 be sons of God,- to those who believe in his name: who were born, not from blood, 53 not from the desire of the flesh, not from some man’s desire, but from God. The Word became flesh, and took up his residence among us; and we saw his glory like the glory 54 of the only Son from the Father, which is full of grace and equity. 40 John testified {A 14} concerning him, and cried, “This is the one that I said is coming after me and 55 was before me, because he was before me.” [41] Of his fullness we all received 56 grace for grace. For the law was given through the mediation of Moses, but truth and grace were [42] through Jesus Christ.

    Section 4

    1 (John1.18) No one has seen God at any time; the only Son, God, [43] who is in the bosom of his Father, has told of him.
    2 (John1.19-28) This is the testimony of John when the Jews sent priests and Levites to him from Jerusalem 3 to ask him, “Who are you?” (v.20) So he acknowledged, and did not deny; 4 and he confessed that he was not the Messiah. They asked him again, “Who then? Are you Elijah?”
    And he said, “I am not he.”
    “Are you a prophet?”
    He 5 said, “No.”
    They said to him, “Then who are you? so that we may answer the ones that 6 sent us. What do you say of yourself?”
    So he said, “I am the voice that cries in 7 the desert, Repair the road of the Lord!, as Isaiah the prophet said.”
    The ones 8 that were sent were from [44] the Pharisees (v.25) asked him, “Why do you baptize then, if you are not the Messiah, Elijah, or a prophet?”
    9 John answered them, “I baptize with [45] water, but one whom you do not know is standing among you 10: who I said is coming after me and was before 11 me, the latchets of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose.” That was in Bethany in Transjordan, where John was baptizing.

    12 (Matt. 3.4-10) Now John’s clothes were camel’s hair, and belted with skins, and his food 13 {A 15} consisted of of locusts and wilderness-honey. 46 The people of Jerusalem went out to him, with all Judaea, and the region which is around the 14, 15 Jordan; and they were baptized by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins. But when he saw many of the Pharisees [47] and Sadducees [48] coming to be baptized, he said to them, “You snake-children, who told you to escape from the wrath to come? 16, 17 Produce the fruits that are worthy of repentance; and do not consider within yourselves, “We have a father: Abraham; because I say to you, that God is able to 18 raise up children for Abraham from these stones. (v.10) Look, the axe has been laid at the roots of the trees, and so every tree that does not bear good fruit will be taken and 19 thrown into the fire.”
    (Luke 3.10-14) The crowds were asking him and saying, “What should we do?”
    20 He answered them, “The one that has two tunics should [49] give to the one that 21 does not have any; and the one that has food should [49] do likewise.”
    Even the tax collectors also came 22 to be baptized, and they said to him, “Teacher, what should we do?”
    He said to 23 them, “Do not collect more than what you are commissioned to collect.”
    Also the servants [50] of the guard asked him, “What about us, what should we do?”
    He said to them, “Do not do violence to anyone, or wrong them; and be satisfied with your wages.”

    24 (Luke 3.15-17) When the people were conjecturing about John, and all of them considering 25 in themselves whether he could be [51] the Messiah, John answered them, “I baptize you with water; there comes one after me who is stronger than I, the latchets of whose shoes I am not worthy to loosen; he will baptize you with the 26 Holy Spirit and fire: who takes the fan in his hand to cleanse his threshing-floors, {A 16} and gathers the wheat into his granaries, while the straw he will burn in fire which can [52] not be put out.”

    27 (Luke 3.18) Other things he taught and preached among the people.

    28 (Matt. 3.13) Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized by him. 29 (Luke 3.23a) Jesus was about thirty years old, and it was assumed that he was the son of 30 Joseph. [53] (John 1.29-31) When John saw Jesus coming to him, he said, “This is the Lamb of 31 God, that takes on itself the burden of the sins of the world! (v.30) This is the one concerning whom I said, ‘ A man is coming after me who is more important than me, because he was 32 before me. [53] I did not know him; but that he would be made apparent to Israel,’ 33 I came to baptize with water for this reason.” (Matt. 3.14-15) And John was holding him back and 34 saying, “I have need of being baptized by you, and you come to me?”
    (v.15) Jesus answered him, “Allow this now: it is our duty to fulfill all righteousness.” 35 Then he allowed him.
    (Luke 3.21b) When all the people were baptized, Jesus 36 was baptized as well. (Matt. 3.16b) Immediately as he came up out of the water, heaven opened 37 {A 17} to him, [54] (Luke 3.22a) and the Holy Spirit descended on him in the appearance of the 38 body of a dove; (Matt. 3.17) and listen, a voice from heaven, saying, “This is my beloved 39 Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
    (John1.32-34) John testified, “I saw the 40 Spirit descend from heaven like a dove; and it stayed on him. I did not know him; but the one that sent me to baptize with water told me, “On whomever you see the Spirit descending and lighting on him, the he is the one that 41 baptizes with the Holy Spirit.” I have seen and testified that this is the Son of God.”

    42, 43 (Luke 4.1a) Jesus returned from the Jordan, filled with the Holy Spirit. (Mark1.12) Then immediately the Spirit took him out into the wilderness, to be tried by the devil; 56 and he 44 was with the beasts. (Matt. 4.2a) Then he fasted forty days and forty nights. (Luke 4.2b) And he ate nothing 45 during those days, so at their conclusion he was hungry. (Matt. 4.2b-6) Then the tempter came and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, speak, and these stones will become 46 bread.”
    He answered, “It is written, One should not live by bread alone, but 47 by every word that comes out of the mouth of God.”
    (v.5) Then the devil [56] brought 48 him to the holy city, and set him on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down: for it is written,

    He will give his angels charge concerning you:
    and they will take you on their arms,
    so that your foot will not stumble against a stone.”
    49 (Matt. 4.7) Jesus said to him, “And [57] it is also written, You will not tempt the Lord your 50 God.”
    (Luke 4.5-7) Then the devil [58] took him up to a high mountain, and showed him, in a moment, all the kingdoms 51 {A 18} of the earth, and their splendor; and the devil [58] said to him, “I will give you all this dominion, and its glory, which is delivered to 52 me that I can give it to whomever I want. If you will worship before me, all of it will be yours.”

    Section 5

    1 (Matt. 4.10) Jesus answered him, “Get away, Satan: for it is written, You 2 will worship the Lord your God, and him alone should you serve.” (Luke 4.13) So when the 3 devil [58] had completed all his temptations, he departed from him for a season. (Matt. 4.11b) Then quickly the angels approached and served him.
    4, 5 (John 1.35-41a) The next day John was standing with two of his disciples. When he saw Jesus as 6 he was walking, he said, “Look, the Lamb of God!” And his two disciples heard 7 him saying this, [59] so they followed Jesus.
    When Jesus turned and saw them coming after him, he asked them, “What are you looking for?”
    They said to him, “Our master, 8 where are you staying?”
    He said to them, “Come and see.” And they came and saw his place, and stayed with him the rest of the day. It was about 4:00, p.m. [59a] 9
    (v.40) One of the two who had heard [60] John, and followed Jesus, was Andrew the 10 brother of Simon. He saw first Simon his brother, and said to him, “We have 11 found the Messiah.”
    (John1.42a) He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon, son of Jonah: you will be called Cephas.” [61]

    12 (John1.43-51) On the next day Jesus wanted to go out to Galilee, and he found Philip, 13 {A 19} and said to him, “Follow me.” Now Philip was of Bethsaida, from the same city 14 as Andrew and Simon.
    (v.45) Then Philip found Nathanael, and said to him, “We have found that the one about whom Moses wrote in the law and in the prophets, 15 he is Jesus the son of Joseph from Nazareth.”
    Nathanael said to him, “Is it possible that there can be any good thing from Nazareth?”
    Philip said, “Come and 16 see.”
    When Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, he said of him, “This is indeed a [62] 17 son of Israel in whom is no guile.”
    So Nathanael said to him, “How do know you me?”
    Jesus said, ” I saw you before Philip called you, while you were under the 18 fig tree.”
    Nathanael answered him, “My Master, you are 19 the Son of God; you are the King of Israel.”
    (v.50) Jesus said, “Have you believed because I told you that I saw you under the fig tree,? you will see things 20 greater than this.” Then he said to him, “Truly, Truly, I say to you, In times to come, you will see the heavens opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of man.”

    21 (Luke 4.14a) Then Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee.

    22 (John 2.1-11) Now on the third day there was a feast in Cana, [63] a [64] city of Galilee; and the 23 mother of Jesus was there: and Jesus along with his disciples were also invited to the 24 feast. When they ran short of wine: his mother said to Jesus, “They have no wine.”
    25 Jesus said to her, “What am I going to do with you, woman? Do you think my 26 hour has come?” [65]
    (v.5) But his mother said to the servants, ” Do what he tells you.”
    27 Now there were six stone vessels there, ready for the Jewish purification, this kind 28 {A 20} would contain two or three jars worth. So Jesus told them, “Fill the vessels 29 with water. ” And they filled them to the top. Then he told them, “Now draw 30 out, and present it to the ruler of the feast.” So they did that.
    When the ruler of the company tasted that water which had become wine, and did not knew where it came from (but the servants knew, because they filled up the water), the ruler of the company called 31 the bridegroom, (v.10) and said to him, “Every man offers first the good wine, and once people are tipsy he brings what is cheap stuff; but you have kept the good wine until 32 now.” This is the first sign [66] which Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and manifested 33 his glory; and his disciples believed in him.
    (Luke 4.14b-17) Then his fame spread all around 34 the area. (v.15) He taught in their synagogues, and was lionized 35 [67] everyone. When he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and entered the synagogue on the Sabbath day, as was his custom, he stood 36 up to read. He was given the book of Isaiah the prophet. And Jesus opened the book and found the place where it was written,

    37 (Luke 4.18-19) The Spirit of the Lord is on me,
    and for this anointed he me, to preach good tidings to the poor;
    And he has sent me to heal the broken-hearted,
    to proclaim forgiveness to the evil-doers,[68]
    and sight to the blind,
    And to bring the broken into forgiveness, [68]
    38 And to proclaim an acceptable year of the Lord.
    39 (Luke 4.20-22a) Then he rolled up the book and gave it to the attendant, and went and sat down: 40 and the eyes of everyone in the synagogue were watching him. Then he began to say to them, “Today has this scripture which you just have heard been fulfilled.” 41 And they all looked at him, and wondered at the graceful words which he was saying.
    42 {A 21} (Matt. 4.17a) From that time Jesus began to proclaim the gospel of the kingdom 43 of God, and to say, “Repent, and believe in the gospel. (Mark1.15) The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of heaven has come near.”

    44 (Matt. 4.18-22) While he was walking on the shore of the sea of Galilee, he saw the two brothers, Simon who was called Cephas, and his brother Andrew, casting their nets into 45 the sea; since they were fishermen. Jesus said to them, “Follow me, and I will 46 make you fishers of men.” (v.20) So they immediately left their nets there and followed 47 him. When he went on from there, he saw another two brothers, James the son of Zebedee, and his brother John, in the boat with their father Zebedee, mending 48 their nets; and Jesus called them. And they immediately left the boat and their father Zebedee, and followed him.

    49 (Luke 5.1-5) When the crowd gathered to him to hear the word of God, while he 50 was standing on the shore of the sea of Gennesaret, he saw two boats standing beside the sea, while [69] the two fishermen that had left them were washing their 51 nets One of them belonged to Simon Cephas, so Jesus went up and sat down in it, and directed that they should move away a little from the land into 52 the water. Then he sat down and taught the crowds from the boat. When he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, “Put out into the deep, and cast your 53 net for a draught.”
    (v.5) Simon answered him, “My Master, we toiled 54 all night and caught nothing; but [70] at your word I will cast the net.” And when they did this, there, a large many fishes were trapped in it, [71] and their net was almost 55 breaking. (Luke 5.7) So they beckoned to their comrades who were in the other boat, to come and help them. When they came, they filled both boats, so that they were close to sinking.

    Section 6

    1 {A 22} (Luke 5.8-11) But when Simon Cephas saw this he fell before the feet of Jesus, and said to him, “My Lord, I beg of of you to leave me, because I am 2 a sinful man.” He was overwhelmed by amazement, along with everyone who was with him, 3 because of the number of the fish they had taken. (v.10) So James and John the sons of Zebedee, Simon’s partners, were also overwhelmed. [72]
    Jesus said 4 to Simon, “Do not fear; from here on you will be a fisher of men to life.” So they brought the boats to the land; left everything, and followed him.
    5 (John 3.22-36) After that Jesus and his disciples came into the land of Judaea; and he went 6 about there with them, and baptized. John was also baptizing in Aenon, which is beside Salim, because there was plenty of water there: and people came, and were baptized. 7, 8 John had not yet been taken into prison. (v.25) Then there was a question between 9 one of John’s disciples and one of the Jews about purifying. So they [74] came to John, and told him, “Our master, he that was with you in Transjordan, about whom 10 you have testified, now he also baptizes, and many come to him.”

    John answered them, [74] “No one can receive anything from himself, unless it is 11 given to him [75] from heaven. You are they that testified about me that I said, ‘I am 12 not the Messiah, but I am one sent [76] before him.’ He that has a bride is a bridegroom: and the friend of the bridegroom is he that stands and listens to him, and rejoices greatly because of the bridegroom’s voice. Consider now, [77] observe, 13, 14 A 23} my joy becomes complete. 78 He must increase and I decrease.” For [78a] the one that is come from above is higher than everything; and the one that is of the earth, is of the earth: so of the earth he speaks; but the one that came down from heaven is 15 higher than all. He testifies to what he has seen and heard: but no one 16 receives his testimony. He that has received his testimony has asserted [79] that he is 17 truly God. [80] The one whom God has sent speaks the words [81] of God: God did not give 18 the Spirit by measure. (v.35) The Father loves the Son, and has put everything in 19 his hands. Whoever believes in the Son has eternal [82] life; but whoever does not obey the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God comes [83]

    20 (John 4.1-3a) Jesus learned [84] that the Pharisees had heard that he had received many disciples, 21 and that he was baptizing more than John (not that Jesus was himself baptizing, 22 but his disciples); and so he left Judaea.

    23 (Luke 3.19-20) Herod the governor, since he used to be rebuked by John because his brother Philip’s wife, Herodias, and for all the sins that he was committing, 24 added to all that also this, that he shut up John in prison.

    25 (Matt. 4.12) When Jesus heard that John had been arrested, he went away to Galilee 26 (John 4.46-54) where he returned to Cana, where he had made the water wine. At Capernaum there 27 was a king’s servant, whose son was sick. And this man heard that Jesus had come from Judaea to Galilee; so he went to him, and pleaded with him that he would come down and heal his son; since he was near to dying. 28, 29 Jesus said to him, “Unless you see signs and wonders, you do [85] not believe.”
    The A 24} king’s servant said to him, “My Lord, come down, so that the child does not die.”
    30 (v.50) Jesus said to him, “Go; your son is alive.” And that man believed the 31 word which Jesus spoke, and went.
    When he on his way, his servants met him 32 and told him, [85a] “Your son is alive.” So he asked them at what time he had recovered. They said to him, “Yesterday the fever left him at one in the 33 afternoon.” [85b]
    Then his father knew that that was the hour in which Jesus said to him, 34 “Your son is alive.” And he believed, he and all the people of his house. This 35 is the second sign [86] that Jesus did when he returned from Judaea to Galilee. (Luke 4.44) During this time he was preaching in the synagogues of Galilee.

    36 (Matt. 4.13-14) He left Nazareth, and came and dwelt in Capernaum by the sea shore, in the 37 borders of Zebulun and Naphtali: (v.15) so that it might be fulfilled what was said in Isaiah the prophet, who said,

    38 (Matt. 4.15-16) > The land of Zebulun, the land of Naphtali,
    the road of the sea, the passage of the Jordan,
    Galilee of the nations:
    39 The people sitting in darkness
    saw a great light,
    And to those sitting in the region and in the shadow of death,
    there appeared a light.
    40 (Luke 4.31b-37) He taught them on the Sabbaths. And they were surprised because of his teaching: [87] 41 for his word was as if it were authoritative. Now there was in the synagogue 42 a man with an unclean devil, and he cried out loudly, saying, “Let me alone; what do I have to do with you, you Jesus of Nazareth? are you come for our 43 destruction? I know you who you are, you Holy One of God.”
    (v.35) Then Jesus rebuked him, “Stop up your mouth, and come out of him.” So the demon threw him 44 in the middle of the group and came out of him, having done him no harm.
    Great amazement {A 25} seized everyone. So they talked with one another, and said, “What is this word that orders the unclean spirits with power and 45 authority, and they come out?” Then the news of him spread around all the area around them.
    46 (Luke 4.38) > When Jesus went out of the synagogue, (Matt. 9.9b) he saw a man sitting among the tax collectors, [88] named Matthew: and he said to him, “Come after me.” And he got up, and followed him.

    47, 48 (Mark 1.29b) When Jesus came to the Simon and Andrew’s house with James and John (Luke 4.38c-39) Simon’s mother-in-law was suffering from a high fever, and they pleaded with him for 49 her. He stood over her and rebuked her fever, and it left her, then right away 50 she got up and served them.
    (Matt. 8.16a) That evening they brought many that had 51 demons to him: and he cast out their devils with the [88a] word. (Luke 4.40b) Then all that had anyone sick brought them to him, their diseases of various nasty varieties. So he laid his hand 52 on them one by one [89] and healed them: (Matt. 8.17) font> so that it might be fulfilled that was said 53 in the prophet Isaiah, He takes our pains and bears our diseases. (Mark1.33) The 54 whole city was gathered together at Jesus’ door. (Luke 4.41) He also cast out devils from many, as they were crying out and saying, “You are the Messiah, the Son of God;” but he rebuked them. He did not allow the demons to speak, because they knew that he was the Lord the Messiah.

    Section 7

    1 {A 26} (Mark1.35-38) That morning he went out very early to a 2 deserted place, and was there praying. Simon and those that were with 3 him went to find him. When they found him, they said, “All the people are looking for 4 you.”
    He said, “Let us go into the nearby villages and towns, so that I can 5 preach there as well; since it was for this reason that I have come. (Luke 4.42-43) But the crowds were looking for him, and kept up till they reached him; then they held on to him, so that he would not 6 leave them. But Jesus said to them, “I must preach of the kingdom of 7 God in other cities, too: I was sent because of this gospel.” (Matt. 9.35) Then Jesus was traveling around all the cities and the villages, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the gospel of the kingdom, healing all the diseases and sicknesses, 8 (Mark1.39) and casting out the devils. (Luke 4.14b-15) His fame spread that [89a] he was teaching in 9 every place and being lionized by everyone. (Mark 2.14) Once when he was passing by, he saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting among the tax-gatherers; [89b] and he said to him, “Follow 10 me:” so he rose and followed him. (Matt. 4.24) The news of him was heard in all the area of Syria: and they brought him all those who were suffering from grievous ills through various diseases, those that were being tormented, those that were possessed, lunatics, [90] and paralytics; and he healed them.
    11, 12 (Mark 2.1-2) After a time Jesus came back through Capernaum. When they heard that he was in the house, [91] many gathered, so that there was no room for them, even around 13 {A 27} the door; and he interpreted the word of God for them. (Luke 5.17b-21) Now there were there some of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, sitting, who come from all the villages of Galilee, and Judaea, and Jerusalem; and the power of the Lord was 14 present to heal them. Some men brought a bed with a man on it who was paralyzed. 15 They tried to bring him in and lay him before him, but when they could not find a way to bring him in because of the crowd of people, they went up to the roof, and let him down with his bed from the roofing, [92] into the middle in front of Jesus. 16 (v.20) When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralyzed man, “My son, your sins are forgiven.”
    17 Then the scribes and Pharisees began to critique him mentally, “Why does this man blaspheme? [93] Who is able to forgive sins? Only God!”
    18 (Mark 2.8-12a) Jesus knew by the spirit that they were thinking this, and he 19 said to them, “Why are you thinking this way? Which is better, [94] that the paralyzed man should be told, ‘Your sins are forgiven you,’ or that he should be 20 told, ‘Get up, and take your bed, and walk?’ (v.10) That you may know that the Son of man 21 has authority on earth to forgive sins” (and he said to the paralyzed man), “I tell you, 22 Get up, take your bed, and go to your house.” Then he rose without delay, and took his bed, and went out in the presence of all. (Luke 5.25b) So he went to his house praising God.
    23 (Matt. 9.8a) When the crowds saw, they were anxious; (Luke 5.26a) and overwhelmingly amazed, 24 (Matt. 9.8b) so they praised God, who had given such power to men. (Luke 5.26c) They said, “We have seen amazing things today, (Mark 2.12c) which are not like anything we have seen before.

    25 {A 28} (Luke 5.27-36a) After that, Jesus went out, and saw a tax collector, named Levi, sitting 26 among the tax collectors: [95] and he said to him, “Follow me.” And he left 27 everything, and rose, and followed him. And Levi made him a large feast in his house. And there was a large crowd of the tax collectors and others sitting with him. 28
    (v.30) The scribes and Pharisees grumbled, and said to his disciples, “Why do you eat 29 and drink with the tax collectors and sinners?”
    Jesus answered them, “The physician does not treat those who are well, but those that are afflicted with nasty 30, 31 diseases. [96] I did not come to call the righteous, but the sinners, to repentance.”
    Then they said to him, “Why do the disciples of John always fast, and pray, as do the 32 Pharisees, but your disciples eat and drink?”
    He said to them, “You cannot make 33 the sons of the marriage feast [97] fast, while the bridegroom is with them. (v.35) Days will come, when the bridegroom is taken away from them; in those days they will fast.” 34 Then he told them a parable: (Mark 2.21-22) “No one inserts a new patch and sews it in a worn garment, lest the newness of the new take from the worn, and 35 it becomes badly torn. Likewise, no one puts fresh wine into old skins, for fear that the wine burst the skins, and the skins be destroyed, and the wine spilled; but they put 36 the fresh wine in the new skins, and both are preserved. (Luke 5.38-39) And no one drinks old wine and right away desires fresh; he says, ‘The old is better.'”

    37 (Matt. 12.1-2a) While Jesus was walking on the Sabbath day among the sown fields, his disciples {A 29} were hungry. So they were rubbing the ears with their hands, and 38 eating. But some of the Pharisees, when they saw them, (Mark 2.24-27) said to him, “See, 39 why [98] do your disciples do what is not allowed by the law on the Sabbath day?”
    (v.25) But Jesus said to them, “Have you not read in old times what David did, when he had need and 40 was hungry, along with the ones that were with him? how he entered the house of God, when Abiathar was high priest, and ate the bread of the table of the Lord, which it was not lawful for anyone to eat, except the priests, and gave some to the ones that were with him as well?” 41 He said to them, “The Sabbath was created because of humanity, and humanity was not 42 created because of the Sabbath. (Matt. 12.5-8) Or have you not read in the law, that the priests in 43 the temple profane the Sabbath, and yet they are blameless? I say to you now, 44 that here is what [99] is greater than the temple. If you had known this: [100] I love mercy, 45 not sacrifice, you would not have condemned [101] those who are not to blame. The 46 Lord of the Sabbath is the Son of man.”
    (Mark 3.21) When his relatives heard, they went out to take him, and said, “He has gone out of his mind.”

    47 (Luke 6.6-9) On the next [102] Sabbath day he entered [103] the synagogue and was teaching. 48 There was a man there whose right hand was withered. The scribes and the Pharisees were watching him, to see whether he would heal on the Sabbath day, 49 so that they could find something of which to accuse him. But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man whose hand was withered, “Get up and come here into the middle of 50 the synagogue.” When he came and stood, Jesus said to them, “I ask you, which is lawful to do on the Sabbath day, good or evil? should lives be saved or 51 {A 30} destroyed?” (Mark 3.4b-5) But they were silent. (v.5) Regarding [104] them with anger, being grieved because of the hardness of their hearts. He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” So he stretched it out: and his hand became straight. 52 (Matt. 12.11-12) Then he said to them, “Which of you will have one sheep, and if it falls into a 53 well on the Sabbath day, will not take it and lift it out? And how much is man better than a sheep! So it is lawful on the Sabbath to do good.”

    Section 8

    1 (Matt. 12.14-17) And the Pharisees went out, and consulted together about him, on how they 2 could destroy him. (v.15) Jesus sensed this, and left the area: but large crowds 3 followed him; and he healed all of them. He warned them that they should 4 not make him known: [105] so that the saying in Isaiah the prophet would be fulfilled, which said,
    5 (Matt. 12.18-21) Look at my servant [106] with whom I am pleased;
    my beloved in whom my soul delights: [107]
    I have put my spirit on him,
    and he will proclaim judgment to the nations.
    6 He will not dispute, nor cry out;
    and no one will hear his voice in the marketplace.
    7 (v.20) He will not break a bruised reed,
    and he will not extinguish a smoking lamp, [107a]
    Until he brings judgment to victory.
    8 and the nations will rejoice in his name. [108]
    9 (Luke 6.12-13a) In those days Jesus went out to the mountain so he could pray, and he 10 spent the night [109] there in prayer to God. In the morning, he called the disciples (Mark 3.7-12) and went towards the sea. Many people followed him 11 from Galilee so that he would pray, [110] from Judaea, Jerusalem, Idumaea, Transjordan, Tyre, Sidon, and Decapolis; 12 and large crowds came to him, who had heard what he did. He spoke to his disciples to bring him the boat because of the crowds, so that they 13 would not throng him. (v.10) Then he healed many, so that they were almost falling on {A 31} him [111] from their trying to get near him. [112] As soon as those that had 14 plagues and unclean spirits saw him, they would fall, and 15 cry out, and say, “You are the Son of God.” But he rebuked them strongly, that they 16 would not make him known. (Luke 6.18-19) Those that were under the constraint of [113] unclean 17 spirits were healed. And all of the crowd were seeking to come near [114] him; because power went out from him, and he healed them all.
    18, 19 (Matt. 5.1a) When Jesus saw the crowds, he went up to the mountain. (Luke 6.13b-17a) Then he called his disciples, and chose twelve from them; and these are those whom he called 20 apostles: Simon (whom he named Cephas), his brother Andrew, James and 21 John, Philip and Bartholomew, (v.15) Matthew and Thomas, James the son 22 of Alphaeus, Simon (who was called the Zealot), Judas the son of James, 23 and Judas the Iscariot, who is the one that betrayed him. [115] And Jesus went down with them and stood in the plain along with his group of disciples, and the large 24 crowd of people. (Mark 3.14) These twelve he chose to be with him, and so that he could 25 send them to preach, and to have power to heal the sick and to cast out devils.

    26 (Luke 6.20) Then he lifted his eyes to them, and opened his mouth, (Matt. 5.2) and taught them,

    27 (Matt. 5.3-10) “Happy are the poor in spirit: for the kingdom of heaven is theirs.
    28 Happy are the sorrowful: for they will be comforted.
    29 (v.5) Happy are the humble: for they will inherit the earth.
    30 Happy are they that hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they will be satisfied.
    31 Happy are the merciful: for on them will be mercy.
    32 {A 32} Happy are the pure in their hearts: for they will see God.
    33 Happy are the peacemakers: for they will be called the sons of God.
    34 (v.10) Happy are they that were persecuted [116] for righteousness’ sake: for the kingdom of heaven is theirs.
    35 (Luke 6.22a) Happy are you when men will hate you, and separate you from them, and persecute you, and reproach you, (Matt. 5.11b-12) and will speak against you with all evil talk, for my 36 sake, falsely. Then rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven: for this is how they persecuted the prophets before you.
    37 (Luke 6.24-26) But woe to you rich! for you have received your consolation.
    38 (v.25) Woe to you that are satisfied! you will hunger.
    Woe to you that laugh now! you will weep and be sad.
    39 Woe to you when men praise you! for so their fathers used to do to the false prophets.
    40 (Luke 6.27) “To you I say, you that can hear, (Matt. 5.13-16) You are the salt of the earth: if then the salt becomes tasteless, how will it be salted? It is of no use for any purpose, but 41 is thrown outside, and men walk on it. You are the light of the world. It is 42 impossible that a city built on a mountain can be hid. (v.15) They do not they light a lamp and place it under a bushel, but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all 43 who are in the house. So will [117] your light shine before men, so they can see 44 your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven. (Mark 4.22-23) There is nothing 45 secret that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known. Whoever is able to hear, let him hear.
    46 (Matt. 5.17-20) “Do not think that I came to destroy the law or the prophets; I did not come to destroy, 47 but to complete. Truly I say to you, Until heaven and earth will pass, there {A 33} will not pass one point or one letter of the law, until all of it will be 48 accomplished. Everyone who will violate now one of these small commandments, and teach men so, will be called lacking in the kingdom of heaven: everyone that will do and teach will [118] be called great in the kingdom 49 of heaven. (v.20) I tell you now, unless your righteousness abounds more than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.

    50 (Matt. 5.21-25a) “You have heard that it was said to the ancients, Do not kill; and everyone that 51 kills is worthy of the judgment. But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother without a cause is worthy of the judgment; and everyone that says to his brother, ‘You foul one,’ is condemned [119] by the synagogue; and whoever 52 says to him, ‘You fool,’ is worthy of the fire of Gehenna. If you are now offering your gift at the altar, and remember there that your brother has any grudge 53 against you, leave your gift at the altar, and go first and satisfy your 54 brother, and then return and offer your gift. Join [120] yours adversary quickly, (Luke 12.58a) and while you are still with him in the road, give a ransom and free yourself from him; 55 for fear that your adversary deliver you to the judge, (Matt. 5.25c-26) and the judge deliver you to the bailiff, 56 and you are thrown into prison. Truly I tell you, You will not go out from there until you pay the last farthing. [120a]

    57, 58 (Matt. 5.27-32) “You have heard that it was said, Do not commit adultery: but I now say to you, that everyone that looks at a woman lusting after her has at that point already 59 {A 34} committed adultery with her in his heart. If your right eye injures you, pluck it out and throw it away from you; it is preferable for you that one of your 60 members should be lost, than that your whole body should go into the fire of hell. (v.30) And if your right hand injures you, cut it off and throw it away from you; it is better for you that 61 one of your members should be lost, than that your whole body should fall into Gehenna. It was said that he that divorces his wife should give her a writing of divorcement: 62 but I say to you, that everyone that divorces his wife, except for the cause of adultery, has made it lawful for [121] her to commit adultery: and whoever takes one that is divorced commits adultery.

    Section 9

    1 (Matt. 5.33-37) “You have heard also that it was said to the ancients, Do not lie, but fulfill your 2 oaths to God: but I say to you, Do not swear at all; not by heaven, since it 3 is God’s throne; (v.35) not by the earth, since it is a footstool under his feet; not even by 4 Jerusalem, since it is the city of the great [122] King. Nor should you swear by your 5 head, for you cannot make one lock of hair in it black or white. But your word should be either ‘Yes’ or ‘No!,’ and what is in excess of this is from the evil one.
    6, 7 (Matt. 5.38-42) “You have heard that it was said, Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth: but I say to you, Do not stand in opposition to the evil; [123] rather, if someone strikes you on your right 8 cheek, [142] turn the other to him as well. (v.40) If someone wants to sue you, and take your tunic, 9 give him your cloak, too. If someone compels you to one mile, go with 10 {A 35} him two. If he that asks you, give to him: (Luke 6.30b-31) or wants to borrow from you, do not prevent him. And do not prosecute [125] the one that takes your 11 things. As you want people to do to you, so also do to them.

    12, 13 (Matt. 5.43-46) “You have heard that it was said, Love your neighbor and hate your enemy: but I say to you, Love your enemies, and pray for those that curse you, deal well with those that hate you, and pray for those who take you with violence and persecute you; 14 (v.45) so that you may be sons of your heavenly Father, who makes his sun to rise on the good and the evil, and sends down his rain on the righteous and the 15 unrighteous. If you love those that love you, what reward will you have? (Luke 6.32b-36) the tax collectors 16 and sinners also love those that love them. If you do a kindness to those 17 who treat you well, where is your superiority? sinners also do likewise. And if you lend to him from whom you hope for a reward, [126] where is your superiority? the 18 sinners also lend to sinners, seeking recompense from [127] them. (v.35) But love your enemies, and do good to them; lend, and do not cut off anyone’s hope; so your reward may be large, and you may be the children of the Highest: for he is lenient 19 towards the wicked and the ungrateful. Be merciful, even as your Father is also 20 merciful. (Matt. 5.47-48) If you greet your relatives only, what more have 21 you done than others? is this not the conduct of the tax collectors, too? Be [128] perfect, even as your Father who is in heaven is perfect.

    22 (Matt. 6.1-4) “Consider your alms; do not do them in front of others to let them see you: in which 23 case, [129] you have no reward from your Father who is in the heavens. When then you give alms, do not sound a trumpet before you, as do the people of hypocrisy, {A 36} in the synagogues and the marketplaces, so that others may praise them. 24 Truly say I to you, They have received their reward. But you, when 25 you do alms, do not let your left hand know what your right hand does; so that your alms may be concealed: and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly.

    26 (Matt. 6.5-8) “Whenever you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, who love to stand in the synagogues and on market street corners for prayers, so that men can see 27 them. Truly say I to you, They have received their reward. But you, when you pray, go into your closet, and fasten your door, then pray to your Father in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly. 28 Whenever you pray, do not be babblers, like the heathen; for they think that by the 29 abundance of their words they will be heard. So do not be like to them: 30 your Father knows your request before you ask him.”
    (Luke 11.1b-2a) One of his disciples said 31 to him, “Our Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.”
    Jesus replied, 32 “This is how you should pray now:

    [130] (Matt. 6.9-15)” Our Father in heaven,
    May your 33, 34 name be venerated.
    (v.10) May your kingdom come.
    May your will be done, [131] as in heaven, so on earth.
    Give us the 35 food for today.
    Forgive us our offenses, as we forgave those that offend 36 us.
    Do not bring us into temptations, but deliver us from the evil one.
    For 37 yours is the kingdom, the power, and the glory, forever and ever. [132]
    (Matt. 6.14-15) “If you forgive {A 37} others their misconduct, [133] your Father who is in heaven will forgive you. 38 (v.15) But if you do not forgive others, neither will your Father pardon your misconduct.
    39 (Matt. 6.16-18) “When you fast, do not frown, like the hypocrites; for they make their faces austere, so that others will see [134] that they are fasting. Truly I say to you, They 40 have received their reward. But when you fast, wash your face and anoint your 41 head; so that you do not look to others like you are fasting, but to your Father who is in secret: and your Father who sees in secret will reward you.

    42 (Luke 12.32-33a) “Do not be disconcerted, little flock; your Father is overjoyed to give you the kingdom. 43 Sell your possessions, and give in alms; take for yourselves purses that do not 44 grow old. (Matt. 6.19-23) Do not store up treasure on earth, where moth and worm corrupt, and where 45 thieves break through and steal: (v.20) but store up for yourselves treasure in heaven, where 46 moth and worm do not corrupt, where thieves do not break through and steal: because where your 47 treasure is, there will your heart also be. The lamp of the body is the eye: so if [135] 48 your eye is now sound, your whole body also will be light. But if yours eye is evil, all your body will be dark. And if the light in you is darkness, how 49 deep is [136] your darkness! (Luke 11.35-36) Be careful that the light in you is not darkness. 50 Because, if your whole body is light, and you have no dark part, it will all be light, as the lamp gives light to you with its flame.”

    Section 10

    1 {A 38} (Matt. 6.24-27) “No one can serve two masters; this is because it is necessary that he hate one of them and love the other, honor one of them and despise the other 2 (v.25) You cannot serve God and possessions. Because of this I say to you, Do not be anxious for yourselves, [137] what you will eat and what you will drink; nor for what you will put on your bodies. Is not the life better than the food, and the body 3 than the clothes? Consider the birds of the heaven, who neither sow, reap, nor store in barns; and yet your Father who is in heaven feeds them. Are you not 4 better than they? Who of you when he tries is able to add to his height one 5 cubit? (Luke 12.26) If then you are not able for a small thing, why are you anxious about the 6, 7 rest? (Matt. 6.28-31) Consider the wild lily, how it grows, although it does not labor, and does it spin; but I tell you that Solomon in the greatness of his glory was not clothed like one of 8 them. (v.30) And if God so clothes the grass of the field, which is around today, but tomorrow 9 is thrown [138] into the oven, how much more will be done for you, Oh you of little faith! Do not be anxious, so as to say, ‘What will we eat?’ or, ‘What will we drink?’ or, ‘How 10 will we be clothed?’ (Luke 12.29b) Do not let your minds get confused in this: (Matt. 6.32-34) the nations of the world look for all these; but your Father who is in heaven knows 11 your need for all of these things. Look first for the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; 12 {A 39} and all this will come to you as something additional for you. Do not be anxious for tomorrow; tomorrow will be anxious for what belongs to it. Each day’s evil is enough for it.
    13 (Matt. 7.1) “Do not Judge, so that you will not be judged: (Luke 6.37b-38) do not condemn [139], so that you will not be condemned: 14 forgive, and it will be forgiven you: release, and you will be released: give, so that you may be given to; with good measure, abundant, full, they will heap [140] into your 15 laps. (Mark 4.24b-25) With the same measure you measure out it will be measured to you. Listen carefully: with the same measure you measure out it will be measured to you; and you 16 will be given more. (v.25) I say to those that hear, He that has will be given ; and he that has not, what he regards [141] as his will be taken from him.”

    17 (Luke 6.39-42) He told them a parable, “Can a blind person possibly guide another blind person? 18 will [142] they not both fall into a pit? (v.40) A disciple is not better than his master; 19 anyone capable will be like his master. Why do you look at the splinter that is in your brother’s eye, but do not consider the log that is in yours? 20 Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, I will remove the splinter from your eye; but you do not see the log that is in your eye? You hypocrite, first remove the log from your eye; and then you will be able to see to remove the splinter from your brother’s eye.

    21 (Matt. 7.6) “Do not give holy things to the dogs, or throw your pearls to the pigs, for fear that they trample them with their feet, and come back and attack you.”

    22 (Luke 11.5-13) He said to them, “Which of you, having a friend and going to him at midnight, 23 says, ‘My friend, lend me three loaves; for a friend has come 24 to me from a journey, and I have nothing to offer to him:” Would that friend {A 40} answer him from within, ‘Do not trouble me; the door is shut, and my children are in bed with me, and I cannot get up and assist you?’ 25 Truly I say to you, If he will not give him because of friendship, yet because 26 of his clamoring he will get up and give him what he needs. I also tell you, Ask, and you will be given to; look, and you will find; knock, and it will be 27 opened to you. (v.10) Everyone that asks receives, the one that looks finds, and 28 the one that knocks, it will be opened to him. What father among you, if his son asks for bread-will, do you think, give him a stone? [143] or if he asks him for a fish, do you think he will 29 give him a snake instead of the fish? if he asks him for an egg, do you think he will 30 hand him a scorpion? If you then, although are evil, know which gifts are good, and give them to your children, how much more will your 31 Father who is in heaven give the Holy Spirit to those that ask him? (Matt. 7.12) Whatever you want men to do to you, do likewise to them: this is the law and the prophets.

    32 (Matt. 7.13-14) “Enter [14] by the narrow gate; because the wide gate and the broad road lead to destruction, 33 and there are many who go that way. How narrow is the gate and difficult the road leading to life! and there are only a few that find it.

    34 (Matt. 7.15-16a) “Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s [145] clothing, but underneath 35 they are ravenous wolves. Still you will recognize them by their fruits. (Luke 6.44) For every tree is recognized by its fruit. Figs are not gathered [146] from thorns, neither are grapes plucked from 36 briers. (Matt. 7.17-18) Even so every good tree yields good fruit, but the bad tree yields 37 {A 41} bad fruit. The good tree cannot yield bad fruit, nor can the 38 bad tree yield good fruit. (Luke 6.45) The good person from the good treasures of the heart yields good things; and the evil person from the evil treasures of the heart yields evil things: and the lips speak from the overflowing of the 39 heart. (Matt. 7.19-23) Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and tossed 40, 41 into the fire. (v.20) Thus, you will recognize them by their fruits. Not all that say to me, ‘My Lord, my Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of the heavens; but the one that does 42 my heavenly Father’s will. Many will say to me in that day, ‘My Lord, my Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, in your name cast out 43 devils, and in your name do many works of power?’ Then I will say to them, ‘I never 44 knew you: depart from me, you servants of iniquity.’ (Luke 6.47-48) I will show you what anyone that comes to 45 me, and hears my sayings, and does them, is like: he is like the wise man who built a house, and dug and went deep, and laid the 46 foundations on a rock: (Matt. 7.25-27) and the rain came down, and the rivers overflowed, and the winds blew, and shook that house, and it did not fall: because its foundation was laid on 47 rocks. But everyone that hears these my words, and does not do them, is like 48 the foolish man who built his house on sand, without foundation: and the rain descended, and the rivers overflowed, and the winds blew, and pounded that house, and it fell: and its fall was devastating.”

    Section 11

    1 {A 42} (Matt. 7.28-29) When Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished 2 at his teaching; because he was teaching them as one having authority, not as their scribes and the Pharisees.
    3 (Matt. 8.1) So when he came down from the mountain, large crowds followed him.

    4 (Matt. 8.5a; Luke 7.2-3) When Jesus entered Capernaum, one of the chiefs’ servant was in5 bad shape. He was precious to him, and he was near death. When he 6 heard of Jesus, he came to him with the Jewish elders; (Matt. 8.5b-6) and pleaded with him. He said, “My Lord, my boy is laying in the house paralyzed, [147] and he is suffering excruciating 7 torment.”
    (Luke 7.4b-5) Also the elders urgently pressed him, saying, “He is worthy that 8 this should be done for him: he loves our people, and also built the synagogue 9, 10 for us.”
    (Matt. 8.7-8) Jesus said to him, “I will come and heal him.”
    That chief answered and said, “My Lord, I am not worthy that my roof should shade you; but it is enough 11 that you speak a word, and my lad will be healed. (Luke 7.8-9a) I am also a man in obedience to authority, having soldiers under my command: [148] I say to this one, ‘Go,’ and he goes; and to another, ‘Come,’ and he comes; and to my servant that he do this, 12 and he does it.”
    When Jesus heard that, he marveled at him, [149] and turned and said to the crowd that was accompanying him, (Matt. 8.10b-13) “Truly I say to you, I have 13 not found anything like this faith in Israel. I say to you, that many will come from the east and the west, and will recline with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob 14 {A 43} in the kingdom of heaven: but the children of the kingdom will be thrown 15 into the outer darkness: and there will be weeping and grinding of teeth.” Then Jesus said to that chief, “Go your way; as you have believed, so it will be for you.” 16 (Luke 7.10) His lad was healed in that hour, and that chief returned to the house and found that sick servant healed.

    17 (Luke 7.11-17) The day after, he was going to a city named Nain, accompanied by his disciples 18 and a large crowd. When he was near the city gate, he saw a crowd [150] accompanying a body, the only son of his mother; and his mother was a widow: there was a large crowd of people from the 19 city with her. When Jesus saw her, he had compassion on her, and said to her, “Do not 20 weep.” He went up to the bier, and its bearers stood still; then 21 he said, “Young man, I tell you, Get up!” (v.15) The dead man sat up and began 22 to speak; and he gave him to his mother.
    Then awe came over all the people: and they praised God, and said, “A great prophet has risen among us:” and, “God 23 has favored his people.” So this news about him spread in all Judaea, and in the whole region about them.

    24 (Matt. 8.18) When Jesus saw large crowds surrounding him, he instructed them to 25 go to the other side. (Luke 9.57a; Matt. 8.19-20) While they were going in the road, one of the scribes came and said to him, “My Master, I will follow you wherever you 26 go.”
    Jesus said to him, “The foxes have holes, and the birds of the heaven have 27 nests; but the Son of man has no place to lay his head.” (Luke 9.59-62) He said to another, “Follow me.”
    But he replied, “My Lord, allow me first to go and 28 bury my father.”
    (v.60) Jesus told him, “Leave the dead to bury their dead; but you, 29 follow me and preach the kingdom of God.”

    Another said to him, “I will follow {A 44} you, my Lord; but first allow me to go and say farewell to my household, and 30 come.”
    Jesus said to him, “There is no one who puts his hand to the plough [151] and looks behind him, that is fit for the kingdom of God.”

    31 (Mark 4.35; Luke 8.22d) He said to them that evening, “Let us go over to the other side 32 of the lake;” and he left the crowd. [152] (Mark 4.36a; Luke 8.22b) Jesus went up and sat in the boat, 33 along with his disciples. There were other boats with them, (Mark 4.36c; Matt. 8.24a) when a mighty tempest [153] of whirlwind and wind raged on the sea, (Luke 8.23c) and the boat was near to 34 sinking from the size [154] of the waves. (Mark 4.38a) But Jesus was sleeping on a cushion in the stern; (Matt. 8.25) so his disciples came and awoke him, and said, “Our 35 Lord, save us; look, we are dying”. (Luke 8.24b)
    So he got up, and rebuked the winds and the turbulence of the water, and said to the sea, “Be still, you are rebuked;” (Mark 4.39b-40) and the wind 36 was still, and there was a deep calm. (v.40) And he said to them, “Why are you so 37 afraid?” and “Why do you not have faith?”
    (Luke 8.25b) But they were very afraid, [155] and they marveled, and said one to another, “Who do you think this is, who commands even the wind and the waves and the sea, and they obey him?”

    38 (Luke 8.26-27a) So they travelled on and came to the country of the Gadarenes, which is on the 39 other side, across from the land of Galilee. When he got out of the boat onto the land, ( Luke 8.27c; Mark 5.2b) a man who had had a devil for a long time met him from among the tombs. 40 wore no clothes, and did not live in a house, but among the tombs. (Mark 5.3b-4a) No one was {A 45} able to bind him with chains, because any time that he was bound with chains 41 or shackles he cut the chains and loosened the shackles; (Luke 8.29c) and the devil hustled him [156] 42 away into the desert. (Mark 5.4b, 5a) No one was able to calm him; at all times, at night and in the day, he would be among the tombs and in the mountains; (Matt. 8.28b) so that no one was able to go by that road. (Mark 5.5b-6) He would cry out and wound himself 43 with stones. When he saw Jesus at a distance, he ran up and worshipped 44 him, and shouted, (Mark 5.7a; Luke 8.28b) “What do we have to do with you, Jesus, 45 Son of the most high God? (Mark 5.7c; Luke 8.29a) I beg you by God, do not torment me.”
    So Jesus commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man (now he had suffered [157] a long 46 time since he first came into its captivity). (Luke 8.30-33) Then Jesus asked him, “What is your name?”
    He said to him, “Legion”; because many devils had entered into him. 47. Then they pleaded with him that he would not command them to depart into 48 the depths. There was there a herd of many pigs, feeding in the mountain, and those devils begged him to allow them to enter the pigs; so he gave 49 them permission. When the devils went out of the man they entered into the pigs. (Mark 5.13b) Then the herd of about two thousand rushed to the summit and fell down into the middle of the sea, 50 and drowned in the water. (Luke 8.34-36) When the keepers saw what 51 happened, they ran away, and told those in the cities and villages. (v.35) So the people went out to see what had happened. When they came to Jesus, they found the man whose {A 46} devils had gone out, clothed, modest, [158] seated at the feet of Jesus; and they 52 were awestruck. Then they reported what they saw, and how the man who had a devil was healed, (Mark 5.16) and about those pigs as well.

    Section 12

    1 (Luke 8.37a) And all the crowd of the Gadarenes begged him to leave them, because they were gripped by profound fear.

    2, 3 (Matt. 9.1) So Jesus boarded the boat, and crossed, and came to his city. (Luke 8.38-39a) And the man from whom the devils went out begged o him to let him stay with him; but 4 Jesus sent him away, and said to him, “Return to your house, and tell what 5 God has done for you.” (Mark 5.20) And he went, and began to publish in Decapolis [201] what Jesus had done for him; and everyone marveled.

    6 (Mark 5.21a; Luke 8.40b-41a) And when Jesus had crossed in the boat to that side, a large crowd received 7 him; since they were all looking for him. A man named Jairus, the chief of the 8 synagogue, fell before the Jesus’ feet, (Mark 5.23a) and begged him earnestly, and saying, “I have an only daughter, and she is near death; (Matt. 9.18b-19) but come and lay your 9 hand on her, and she will live.” So Jesus got up with his disciples, and they followed 10 him. (Mark 5.24b) And a large crowd accompanied him, and were crowding him.

    11, 12 (Mark 5.25-30) There was a woman, who had had a hemorage for twelve years, who had suffered much from numerous physicians, spent all that she had, and was not benefited at all, but her 13 trouble got worse. When when she heard of Jesus, she came in the throng of 14 {A 47} the crowd behind him, and touched [202] his garments. She reasoned, 15 “If I could reach to touch his garments, I would recover.” And immediately the flow of her blood was dried; and she felt in her body that she was healed 16 of her malady.
    Jesus immediately sensed that power had gone out from him; and turning to the crowd, he said, “Who approached to my garments?”
    17 (Luke 8.45b-47a) When they all denied it, Simon Cephas and those with him said to him, “Our Master, the crowds throng you and press you, and you ask, ‘Who approached 18 me?'”
    But he said, “Someone approached to me; and I sensed that 19 power went out from me.”
    So the woman, when she saw that she was discovered, 20 came, afraid and nervous (since she knew what had happened to her), (Mark 5.33b; Luke 8.47c) fell down and worshipped him, and told, in the presence of all the people, why 21 she had touched him, and how she was healed immediately. (Luke 8.48; Mark 5.34b) Then Jesus said to her, “Be comforted, daughter; your faith has made you alive; depart in peace, and be whole from your malady.”

    22 (Luke 8.49-50) While he was yet speaking, a man from the house of the chief of the synagogue came, and told him, “Your daughter has died; so do not trouble the 23 teacher.”
    But Jesus heard, and said to the father of the young girl, “Do not be afraid: only believe 24, and she will live.” (Mark 5.37-39) And would not allow anyone to go with him, except 25 Simon Cephas, James, and John the brother of James. When they reached the chief of the synagogue’s house; he saw them agitated, weeping and wailing. 26 Then he entered, and said to them, “Why are you agitated and weeping? the 27 {A 48} young girl has not died, but she is sleeping.” (Luke 8.53)And they laughed at him, because 28 they knew that she had died. (Mark 5.40b-41) He sent everyone outside, and took the young girl’s father, her mother, Simon, James, and John, and 29 entered the place where the young girl was laid. Then he took hold of the young girl’s hand, and said to her, “Young girl, arise.” (Luke 8.55a)Her spirit returned, and immediately 30 she arose and walked: (Mark 5.42b) now she was about twelve years of age. (Luke 8.55b-56) Then he ordered 31 that she be given something to eat. And her father wondered deeply: 32 and he warned them that they should tell not tell anyone what had happened. (Matt. 9.26) But this report spread in all that land.

    33 (Matt. 9.27-31) When Jesus crossed over from there, two blind men joined him, crying 34 out, “Have mercy on us, son of David.”
    Then when he arrived at the house, those two blind men came to him: Jesus said to them, “Do you believe 35 that I can do this?”
    They said to him, “Yes, our Lord.”
    Then he touched [203] 36 their eyes, and said, “As you have believed, so it will be for you.” And immediately their eyes were opened. Then Jesus warned them, and said, “See that no one finds out.” 37 But they went out and published the news in all that area.

    38 (Matt. 9.32-33) When Jesus went out, they brought him a mute man who had a devil. 39 But when the devil left, that mute man spoke. And the crowds marveled, and said, “It was has never been seen like this in Israel.”

    40 (Matt. 9.35-36) Then Jesus was going about in all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and healing every disease 41 {A 49} and sickness; and many followed him. When Jesus saw the crowds, he had compassion on them, since they were as weary and scattered, [204] as sheep 42 that have no shepherd. (Matt. 10.1a; Luke 9.1b-2) So he called his twelve disciples, gave them power and 43 significant authority over all devils and diseases; and sent them two by two, so that they 44 would proclaim the kingdom of God, and heal the sick. (Matt. 10.5-8) And he charged them, “Do not act like the heathen, or enter into the cities of the Samaritans. [205] 45, 46 Go especially to the lost sheep of the children of Israel. 47 When you go, proclaim and say, ‘The kingdom of heaven is come near.’ Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, and cast out the devils: freely you have received, freely 48, 49 give. (Matt. 10.9f) Do not take gold, silver, or brass in your purses; (Mark 6.8b; Luke 9.3) and take nothing for the road, except only a staff; no bag, no bread; you should not even have two tunics, 50 no shoes, no staff, but wear only sandals; (Mark 6.9a; Matt. 10.10c-d) for the laborer is worthy of his food. 51 Whatever city or village you enter, inquire who is worthy in it, and stay there until 52, 53 you leave. (Matt. 10.11-13) When you enter the house, ask for the peace of the house: if the house is worthy, your peace will come on it; but if it is not worthy, your 54 peace will return to you. (Matt. 10.14a; Mark 6.11b) If someone will not receive you, or hear your sayings, when you go out from that house, or from that village, shake off the dust 55 {A 50} from under your feet against them for a testimony. (Matt. 10.15) Truly I say to you, There will be more rest in the day of judgment the land of Sodom and Gomorrah, than to that city.

    Section 13

    1 (Matt. 10.16-23) “I am sending you as lambs among wolves: be wise as serpents, and 2 harmless [206] as doves. Beware of men: they will deliver you to the councils of the 3 magistrates, and scourge you in their synagogues; and will bring you before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them and against the nations. 4 And when they deliver you up, do not be [207] anxious, or consider beforehand, what you 5 will say; but in that hour you will be given [208] what you ought to speak. (v. 20) You do not 6 speak , but the Spirit of your Father speaks in you. The brother will deliver up his own brother to death, and the father his son; the sons will rise against their 7 parents, and put them to death. You will be hated by every man because of 8 my name; but he that endures to the end of the matter will be saved. [209] When they expel you from this city, flee to another. Truly I say to you, You will not finish all the cities of the people of Israel, until the Son of man come.

    9, 10 (Matt. 10.24-26) “A disciple is not superior to his lord, nor a servant to his master. It is enough, rather, for the disciple that he be like his lord, and the servant like his master. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebul, how much more the people 11 of his house! Therefore, do not be afraid of them: [210] because there is nothing covered, that will 12 {A 51} not be revealed; nor hidden, that will not be disclosed and published. (Matt. 10.27a; Luke 12.3b) What I say to you in the darkness, speak in the light; and what you have told 13 secretly in the ears in closets, let it be proclaimed on the housetops. (Luke 12.4a; Luke 10.28b) I say to you now, my beloved, Do not be not agitated by [211] those who kill the body, but have no power to 14 kill the soul. I will tell you whom you should fear: the one [212] who is able to destroy 15 soul and body in hell. (Luke 12.5; Matt. 10.29-33) Yes, I say to you, Be afraid of him especially. Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing in a bond? [213] and not one of them will fall on the 16 ground without your Father’s consent. But concerning you, even the hairs of your heads 17, 18 are numbered. So do not be afraid; you are better than many sparrows. Every man who confesses me now before men, I will also confess him before my Father 19 who is in heaven; but whoever denies me before men, I will also deny him before my Father who is in heaven.

    20 (Luke 12.51-53) “Do you think that I am come to throw peace into the earth? I came not to throw peace, 21 but to throw dissension. From now on there will be five in one house, three of them 22 disagreeing with two, and the two with the three. The father will become hostile to his son, and the son to his father; the mother to her daughter, and the daughter to her mother; and the mother in law to her daughter in law, and the daughter 23 in law to her mother in law: (Matt. 10.36-39) A man’s enemies will be the people of his house. 24 Whoever loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me; and whoever {A 52} loves son or daughter more than his love for me is not worthy of me. 25 And everyone that does not take his cross and follow me is not worthy of 26 me. Whoever finds his life [214] will lose it; and whoever loses his life [215] for my sake will find it.

    27 (Matt. 10.40-41) “Whoever receives you receives me; and whoever receives me receives 28 the one who sent me. Whoever receives a prophet because he is a prophet will take [216] a prophet’s reward; and whoever will receive a righteous man 29 because he is a righteous man will take [217] a righteous man’s reward. (Matt. 10.42a; Mark 9.41b) And everyone that will give a but a drink of water to one of the least of these, because he is a disciple, truly I say to you, he will not lose his reward.”

    30 (Matt. 11.1) When Jesus finished charging his twelve disciples, he moved on to 31 teach and preach in the cities. (Luke 10.38-42) And while they were on the road they entered into a certain village where a woman named Martha entertained him in her house. 32 Now she had a sister named Mary who she came and sat at the feet of our Lord, 33 and heard his sayings. But Martha was disquieted by all her serving; and she came and said to him, “My Lord, do you not see that my sister has left me alone to 34 serve? Tell her to help me.”
    Jesus answered and told her, “Martha, 35 Martha, you are anxious and impatient [218] about many things: but only one is worth pursuing. Mary has chosen for herself a good portion, and that will not be taken from her.”

    36 (Mark 6.12-13) So the apostles went out, and preached to the people that they should repent. 37 They cast out many devils, and anointed many sick with oil, healing them. 38, 39 (Luke 7.18) Then the disciples of John told him [219] of all these things. (Matt. 11.2a; Luke 7.19-23) When John heard in {A 53} prison what the Messiah was doing, he called two of his disciples, and sent them to Jesus, asking, “Are you the one that comes, or should we look for 40 another?”
    So they came to Jesus, and told him, “John the Baptist has sent 41 us to you, and said, ‘Are you the one that comes, or should we look for another?” At that time he had cured many from their diseases, of maladies of evil spirits, and had given sight 42 to many blind people. Jesus answered, telling them, “Go and tell John everything you have seen and heard: the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the blind [220] hear, the dead rise, and the poor have the gospel preached to 43 them. Happy is the one who does not have doubts about me.”

    44 (Luke 7.24-27) When John’s disciples departed, Jesus began to say to the crowds concerning John, “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? a reed shaken by the 45 winds? Or if not, then what did you go out to see? a man clothed in soft raiment? Look, they that are in magnificent garments and in luxury are in the palaces 46 of kings. Or if not, then what did you go out to see? a prophet? Yes, I say to 47 you, and more than a prophet. This is he of whom it is written,

    I am sending my messenger before your face
    To prepare the way before you.

    Section 14

    1 (Matt. 11.11) “Truly I tell you, There has not arisen among those born from women anyone greater than John the Baptist; but even someone little in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.”

    2 {A 54} (Luke 7.29-30) (And all the people who heard, including the tax collectors, vindicated [221] God, because 3 they had been baptized with John’s baptism. But the Pharisees and the scribes wronged [222] the purpose of God in their thoughts, since they had not been baptized by 4 him.) (Matt. 11.12a) “And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven is 5 snatched away by violence. (Luke 16.16) The law and the prophets were until John; but after that, the kingdom of God is preached, and all press to enter it: (Matt. 11.12b-15) and the ones that exert themselves 6, 7 snatch it away. All the prophets and the law until John prophesied. And if you 8 are willing, then receive this, that he is Elijah, who is to come. Whoever has ears that hear 9 let him hear. (Luke 16.17) The perishing of heaven and earth is easier, than the passing away of 10 one point of the law. (Luke 7.31b-35) To whom can I compare the people of this generation, [223] and 11 who are they like? They are like children sitting in the market, who call to their companions, and say, ‘We sang to you, and you did not dance; we wailed to you, 12 and you did not weep. John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; 13 and you said, ‘He has demons!’ Then the Son of man came eating and drinking; and you said, ‘Look, a gluttonous man, a drinker of wine, and an associate of tax collectors 14, 15 and sinners!’ But wisdom was vindicated by all her children.” (Mark 3.20, and verse 19b) As he was saying this, they arrived at the house. Then crowds gathered around him again, 16 so that could not even find bread to eat. (Luke 11.14) Then he was casting out a devil which of muteness. When he cast out that devil, the mute person spoke. And the crowds 17 {A 55} marveled. (Matt. 12.24) Then the Pharisees, when they heard, said, This man could not cast out devils, except by Beelzebul, the chief of the demons, which is in him. 18, 19 (Luke 11.16) Others requested of him a sign from heaven, to tempt him. (Matt. 12.25-26a) But Jesus knew their thoughts, and spoke to them in parables, “Every kingdom that withstands itself will become desolate; and every house or city that disagrees with itself will not 20 stand: so if a devil casts out a devil, he withstands himself; neither will he be 21 able to stand, but he will come to an end. (Mark 3.26b; Matt. 12.26b) Then how now will his kingdom stand? since you 22 said that I cast out devils by Beelzebul. (Luke 11.18b; Matt. 12.27-29) And if I cast out the devils by Beelzebul, then by what do your children cast them out? Because of this they will 23 be judges against you. But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom 24 of God is come near you. How can a man enter into the house of a valiant man, and seize his garments, [224] if he does not first protect himself [225] from 25 that valiant man? only then will he be able to damage [226] his house. (Luke 11.21-23) When the valiant man is 26 armed, guarding his house, his possessions are safe. But if someone who is more valiant comes, he overcomes him, and takes his whole armor, on which 27 he relies, then he can divide his spoils. Whoever is not with me is against me; and 28 whoever does not gather with me scatters abroad. (Mark 3.28-30) For this reason I tell you, {A 56} men will be forgiven for all the sins and blasphemies by which they blaspheme, 29 but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit, will have no 30 forgiveness forever, but he is deserving of eternal punishment” (because they 31 said that he had an unclean spirit). (Matt. 12.32-34) He also said, “Everyone who speaks a word against the Son of man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, neither in this world, nor in the world to 32 come. Either you must make a good tree10511051 Or, a tree good. and its fruit good; or you must make an evil 33 tree [227] and its fruit evil: for the tree is known by its fruit. You children of vipers, how can you, since you are evil, say good things? the mouth speaks from the overflowing of the heart. 34 (Luke 6.45a) The good man produces good things from the good treasures that are in his heart; but the wicked man produces evils from the evil treasures that are in his 35 heart. (Matt. 12.36-7) I tell you, for every idle word that men 36 speak, they will give an answer in the day of judgment: by what you say you will be vindicated, and by what you say you will be judged.”

    37 (Luke 12.54-55) He said to the crowds, “When you see the clouds appear from the west, 38 you immediately predict that rain is coming; and it happens. When 39 the south wind blows, you predict that it will get hot; and it happens. (Matt. 16.2b-3) In the evening, you predict fair weather, since the sky has turned 40 red. Then in the morning you say, ‘Today the weather will be severe, since the redness {A 57} of the heaven is fading.’ [228] Hypocrites! You know to read the sky and the earth; but you cannot read the signs of this time.

    41 (Matt. 12.22-23) Then they brought to him someone who was possessed by a demon, mute and blind; and he 42 healed him, so that the mute and blind person began to speak and see. And all the crowds wondered, and said, “Do you think this is the son of David?”

    43 (Mark 6.30-31) Then the apostles returned to Jesus, and told him everything that they had 44 done and accomplished. [229] And he said to them, “Come, let us go into the desert alone, and you can rest a little. But so many were going and coming, that they had no leisure, not even to eat bread.

    45 (Luke 7.36-39) After that, one of the Pharisees came, and begged him to eat bread with him. So he entered into the Pharisee’s house, and 46 reclined. Now in that city there was a woman who was a sinner; and when she learned that he was sitting in the Pharisee’s house, she took a box of sweet ointment, 47 and stood behind him, at his feet, weeping, and began to wet his feet with her tears, and to wipe them with her hair, to kiss his feet, and 48 anoint them with the sweet ointment. When the [230] Pharisee who had invited him saw it, whe mused, telling himself, “If this man, were a prophet, he would know who she is and what her history is” (since the woman who touched him was a sinner).

    Section 15

    1 (Luke 7.40-50) Jesus answered him, “Simon, I have something to say to you.”
    So 2 he replied, “Tell me, Master.”
    Jesus said to him, “There were two debtors {A 58} to one creditor; one of them owed five hundred pence, and the other 3 fifty pence. Because they had nothing to pay him with, he forgave 4 them both. Now which of them ought to love him more?”
    Simon answered, “I suppose, the one he forgave most.”
    Jesus said to him, “Exactly!.” 5 And indicating the woman, he said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? I entered into your place, and you did not give me water to wash my feet: but she 6 has bathed [231] my feet with her tears, and dried them with her hair. (45) You did not kiss me: but she, has not ceased to kiss my feet since she [232] entered. 7 You did not anoint my head with oil: [233] but she has anointed 8 my feet with sweet ointment. [234] For this, I tell you, Her many sins are forgiven, because she loved much; for he to whom little is forgiven loves little.” 9, 10 Then he said to the woman, “Your sins are forgiven.”
    So the other guests 11 began to ask themselves, “Who is this that even forgives sins?”
    But Jesus said to the woman, “Your faith has saved you; go in peace.”

    6712 (John 2.23b-25) Many believed in him when they saw the signs which he was doing. 13, 14 But Jesus did not trust [235] himself to them, for he knew everyone, and he did not need anyone to tell him concerning anyone; for he knew what was in people.

    15 (Luke 10.1-12) After that, Jesus set apart from his disciples another seventy, and sent them two by two before him to every region and city where he was planning to 16 go. And he said to them, “The harvest is abundant, and the laborers are few: 17 beg the Lord of the harvest, that he would send laborers into his harvest. Go, 18 {A 59} but consider, I am sending you as lambs among wolves. Do not take purses with you 19, or a wallet, or shoes. Do not greet anyone on the road. (v. 5) And 20 whatever house you enter, first greet the household: if there is a son of peace there, 21 let your peace rest on him; but if there be not, your peace will return to you. And stay in that house eating and drinking what they have: [236] because the laborer is worthy of 22 his hire. And do not move from house to house. When you enter a city, 23 if they receive you, eat what is offered to you: heal the sick that are 24 there, and say to them, ‘The kingdom of God is come near.’ (v. 10) But when you enter a city, and they do not receive you, go out into the market, and say, 25 ‘Even the dust that stuck to our feet from your city, we shake off against you; but 26 know [237] this, [238] that the kingdom of God is come near.’ I promise you, that there will be quiet in the day of judgment for Sodom, but not be for 27 that city.” (Matt. 11.20-24) Then Jesus began to rebuke the cities in which many 28 mighty works had been performed, [239] but which had not repented. And he said, “Woe to you, Chorazin! woe to you, Bethsaida! if the signs that were in you had been in Tyre and Sidon 29, perhaps they would have repented in sackcloth and ashes. Nevertheless, I tell you, that there will be more rest in the day of judgment for Tyre and Sidon, 30 than for you. And you, Capernaum, exalted to heaven, you will sink down to Hades; for if the wonders [240] which were in you had been in Sodom 31, it would have remained until this day. And now I say to you, that there will be more quiet in the day of judgment for the land of Sodom, than for you.”

    32 {A 60} (Luke 10.16-20) Then he repeated to his apostles, “Whoever listens to you listens to me; and whoever listens to me listens to the one who sent me: and whoever wrongs [241] you wrongs me; and whoever wrongs me wrongs the one who sent me.

    33 Then those seventy returned with sheer joy, and told him, “Our Lord, even 34 the devils are subject to us in your name.” He replied to them, “I saw 35 Satan [242] fallen like lightning from heaven. Look, I am giving you authority to walk on serpents and scorpions, and the whole race [243] . of the enemy; and nothing will 36 hurt you. Only you must not rejoice that the devils are subject to you; but be glad that your names are written in heaven.”

    37 (Luke 10.21-22) At that moment, Jesus rejoiced in the Holy Spirit, and said, “I acknowledge you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you hid these things from the wise and understanding, and revealed them to children: yes, Father; that 38 was your will.” And he turned to his disciples, [244] and said to them, “Everything has been given to me by my Father: and noone knows who the Son is except the Father; or who the Father is except the Son, and to whomever the Son wants 39 to reveal him. (Matt. 11.28.30)Come to me, all of you, you that are weary and bearers of burdens, 40 and I will give you rest. Bear my yoke, and learn from me; because [245] I 41 am gentle and humble in my heart: and you will find rest for your souls. For my yoke is pleasant, and my burden is light.”

    42 (Luke 14.25-33) And while large crowds were going with him, he turned, and said to them, 43 “Whoever comes to me, and does not despise his father, his mother, his brothers, his sisters, his wife, his children, and even himself [246] cannot 44 {A 61} be a my disciple. And whoever does not take his cross, and follow 45 me, cannot be a my disciple. Which of you desiring to build a tower, does not sit down first and calculate his expenses and whether he has enough to 46 complete it? [247] So that once he has laid the foundations he will not be unable to finish. Everyone that 47 sees him [248] laugh at him, and say, (v.30) ‘This man began to build, and was not able to 48 finish.’ Or what king goes to the battle to fight with another king, [249] and does not consider first whether he is able with ten thousand to withstand him that comes to him 49 with twenty thousand? If he is not able, he sends to him while he is far 50 off, and seeks peace. So should [250] everyone of you consider, that desires to be my disciple; for if he does not renounce all that he has, he cannot be my disciple.”Section 16

    1 (Matt. 12.38-39) Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered, in order to tempt him, 2 “Teacher, we desire to see a sign from you.”
    He replied, “This evil and adulterous generation [251] seeks a sign; and it will not be given a sign, 3 except the sign of Jonah the prophet. (Luke 11.30) As Jonah was a sign to the inhabitants 4 of Nineveh, so will the Son of man also be to this generation. (Matt. 12.40) As Jonah was in the belly of the big fish three days and three nights, so will the Son of man 5 be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. (Luke 11.31) The queen of the south will rise in the judgment with the people of this generation, and condemn [252] them: she came from the ends of the earth so she could hear the wisdom of Solomon; 6 {A 62} and look, one better than Solomon is here. (Matt. 12.41) The men of Nineveh will stand in the judgment with this generation, and condemn it: they repented at 7 the preaching of Jonah; and look, one better than Jonah is here. (Luke 11.24-26) The unclean spirit, when he goes out of the man, departs, and goes about through places in which are no waters, that he may find rest for himself; and when he does not find it, he 8 says, I will return to my house, the one I came from. If he comes and finds it 9 adorned and set in order, then he goes, and associates with himself seven other spirits worse than himself; and they enter and live in it: and the end of that man 10 will be worse than his beginning. (Matt. 12.45b) Thus will it be to this evil generation.”

    11 (Luke 11.27-28) While he was still speaking, a woman from the crowd raised her voice, and said, “Happy is the womb that bore you, and the breasts that nursed 12 you.”
    But he said to her, “Happy is the one that hears the word of God, and keeps it.”

    13 (Matt. 12.46a; Luke 8.19a) He was still addressing the crowd when his mother came to him 14 along with his relatives, and wanted to speak with him; (Matt. 12.46c; Luke 8.19b) but they were not able, because of 15 the crowd; and they stood outside and sent, calling him to them. (Mark 3.31; Matt. 12.47-50) A man said to him, “Look, your mother and your relatives are standing outside, and are wanting to 16 speak with you.”
    But he answered the one that spoke to him, “Who is my 17 mother? and who are my relatives? Then he motioned with his hand, stretching it out towards his disciples, and said, “Look, my mother! and look, my relatives! 18 And everyone that will do the will of my Father who is in heaven is my brother, and my sister, and my mother.”

    19 (Luke 8.1-3) And after that, Jesus was going around in the cities and villages, and proclaiming {A 63} and preaching the kingdom of God, accompanied by [253] . twelve, 20 and the women who had been healed of diseases and of evil spirits, Mary 21 that was called Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven devils, Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod’s steward, Susanna, and many others, who were ministering to them financially.

    22 (Matt. 13.1-3) Later, Jesus went out of the house, and sat on the sea shore. And large crowds 23 gathered around him. When the press of the people was crowding him, he went up and sat in the boat; while all the crowd was standing on the 24 shore of the sea. Then he spoke to them many in parables, saying, “The sower 25 went out to sow: and when he sowed, (Matt. 13.4a; Luke 8.5b) some fell on the beaten highway; and it was 26 trodden on, and the birds ate it. (Matt. 13.5-6) Others fell on the rocks: and some, where there was not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth in 27 the earth: and when the sun rose, it withered; and because it had no root, it dried 28 up. (Luke 8.7; Mark 4.7b) Some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up with it, and choked it; 29 so it yielded no fruit. (Luke 8.8a; Mark 4.8b) But others fell into extremely good [254] ground; and it came up, and grew, and bore fruit, some thirty, and some sixty, and some 30 a hundred. (Luke 8.8c) Having said that he shouted, ‘He that has ears that hear, let him 31 hear.’
    (Mark 4.10; with additions from Matt. 13.10, and Luke 8.9) When they were alone, his disciples came, and asked him, and said to 32 him, “What does this parable mean? and why did you speak to them in parables? (Mark 4.11; Matt. 13.11) He {A 64} answered them, “The knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of God is given to you; but it is not given to them that are 33 outside. (Matt. 13.12-14a) To him that has will be given, and he will have more; but to him that 34 does not have, even what he has will be taken from him. For this reason I speak to them in parables; because they see, but do not see; and hear, but do not hear 35, nor understand. So in them the prophecy of Isaiah is being fulfilled, who said,

    (Matt. 13.14b-15) They will surely hear, but will not understand;
    And will surely see, but will not perceive:
    36 The heart of this people has grown dull,
    And their ability to hear has become weak,
    They have closed their eyes;
    For fear that they might see,
    Or hear with their ears,
    Or understand with their hearts,
    And might return,
    And I would heal them.
    37, 38 (Matt. 13.16) But as for you, your eyes are happy, since they see; and your ears, since they hear. (Luke 10.23b) Happy 39 are the eyes which see what you see. (Matt. 13.17) Truly I say to you, Many of the prophets and the righteous people longed to see what you see, but did not see it; and to hear what you 40 hear, but did not hear it. (Mark 4.13b) If you do not understand this parable, how will you understand any parables? 41, 42 (Matt. 13.18) So listen to the parable of the sower. (Mark 4.14) The sower who was sowing, was sowing the word 43 of God. (Matt. 13.19) If someone who hears the word of the kingdom, and does not understands it, the evil one comes and snatches the word away that was sown in his 44 heart: and this is the one that was sown in the middle of the highway. (Matt. 13.20-21a) But the one that was sown on the rocks is the one that hears the word, and immediately receives 45, 46 {A 65} it with joy; only, it has no root in his soul, he believes in it is for a time; (Luke 8.13b; Matt. 13.21c-22) but whenever there is distress or persecution because of a [255] word, he 47 stumbles [256] quickly. And the one that was sown among the thorns is the person that hears the word; (Mark 4.19b) but the care of this world, and the error of riches, and the rest of the 48 other lusts enter, and choke the word, and it becomes fruitless. (Luke 8.15) But the one that was sown in good ground is the person that hears my word in a good pure heart, understands it, holds to it, brings forth fruit with patience, (Matt. 13.23b) and produces either a hundredfold or sixtyfold or thirty.”
    49 (Mark 4.26-29) He said, “So is the kingdom of God, like a man who sows seed in the 50 earth, and sleeps and rises by night and day, and the seed grows and comes 51 up. He does not know how, [257] . but the earth causes it to bear fruit; first it 52 will be a blade, later an ear, and at last perfect wheat in the ear: and whenever the fruit ripens, [258] he immediately gets the sickle, because the harvest has come.

    Section 17

    1 (Matt. 13.24-30) Then he presented them with another parable, “The kingdom of heaven is 2 like a man who sowed good seed in his field; but when men slept, his enemy came 3 and sowed darnel among the wheat, and went away. So when the blade sprang up 4 and brought forth fruit, the darnel was noticed at last. And the servants of the master of the house came, and told him, ‘Our lord, did you not sow good 5 {A 66} seed in your field? How did the darnel get in it?’ He said to them, ‘An enemy has done this.’ His servants said to him, ‘Do you want us to go 6 and separate it?’ He said to them, [259] ‘When you separate the darnel, you might 7 root up wheat at the same time. (v.30) Let them both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers, Separate the darnel first, and bind it in bundles to be burned in the fire; but gather the wheat into my barns.”

    8, 9 (Matt. 13.31a) He presented them with another another parable, and said, (Luke 13.18b) “What is the kingdom of 10 God like? to what will I compare it? in what parable will I set it forth? (Mark 4.30b; Luke 13.19a) It 11 is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and planted in his field: (Matt. 13.31c; Mark 4.31b) and of the number of the things that are sown in the earth it is smaller than all of the things 12 that are sown, anywhere on the earth; (Matt. 13.32b; Mark 4.32b) but when it is grown, it is larger than all the herbs, and produces large branches, so that the birds of the sky make their nests in its branches.”

    13, 14 (Mark 4.33; or rather Matt. 13.33a) He presented them with another parable: (Luke 13.20b) “To what will I compare the kingdom of 15 God? (Matt. 13.33b) It is like the leaven which a woman took, and kneaded into three measures of flour, until the whole of it was leavened.”

    16 (Matt. 13.34a; Mark 4.33b) And Jesus spoke all that to the crowds using parables, according to what they 17 were able to hear. (Matt. 13.34b; Matt. 13.35) And without parables he did not speak to them; so that the saying of the Lord through the prophet might be fulfilled: I will open my mouth in parables;
    And I will tell secrets that were before the foundations [260] of the world.

    18 (Mark 4.34b) But he explained everything to his disciples privately.

    19 (Matt. 13.36-43) Then Jesus left [261] the crowds, and came to the house. His disciples came to him, and requested, “Explain that parable about the darnel 20 {A 67} and the field to us.”
    He answered them, “The person that sowed good seed is 21 the Son of man; and the field is the world; the good seed are the children of the 22 kingdom; but the darnel are the children of the evil one; and the enemy that sowed them [262] is Satan; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. 23 (v.40) As the darnel are separated and burned in the fire, so will it be in the end of 24 this world. The Son of man will send his angels, and separate 25 all things that injure, and all the doers of iniquity from his kingdom, and they will throw them into the 26 furnace of fire: and there will be weeping and grinding of teeth. Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever has is able to hear, let him hear.

    27 (Matt. 13.44) “Again the kingdom of heaven is like treasure hid in a field: which a man found and hid; and, because he was so pleased with it, went and sold all that he had, and bought that field.

    28 (Matt. 13.45-46) “Again the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant seeking excellent 29 pearls; when he found one exceedingly valuable pearl, he went and sold everything that he had, and bought it.

    30 (Matt. 13.47) “Again the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was cast [263] into the sea, and 31 gathered some of every kind: when it was filled, they drew it up on to the shore, and sat down to select; the good catch they threw into the vessels, 32 but the bad they threw outside. Thus will it be in the end of the world: the angels 33 will go forth, (v.50) and separate the wicked from among the good, and will throw them into the furnace of fire: there will be weeping and grinding of teeth.”

    34 (Matt. 13.51-52) Jesus asked them, “Have you understood all these things?”
    They replied 35 A 68} “Yes, our Lord.”
    He said to them, “Therefore every scribe that becomes a disciple of the kingdom of heaven is like a householder who brings out of his treasures, the new and the old.

    36, 37 (Matt. 13.53-54) When Jesus had finished all these parables, he left that area, and came to his city; and he taught them in their synagogues, so that they were bewildered. 38 (Mark 6.2) When the Sabbath came, Jesus began to teach in the synagogue; and many of 39 those that heard marveled, saying, “Where did this man get these things?” And many envied him and paid no attention to him, but said, “What kind of wisdom does this man have, that these mighty works should happen at his hands? [264] 40 (Matt. 13.55-57) Is not this a carpenter, son of a carpenter? and is not his mother called Mary? and 41 his brothers, James, Joses, Simon, and Judas? And his sisters, all of them, 42 look, are they not all with us? Where did this man get all these things?” And they were in doubt concerning him.
    (Luke 4.23-24) Jesus knew their opinion, and asked them, “Will you perhaps [265] tell me this proverb, ‘Physician, heal yourself first’: and ‘All that 43 we have heard that you did in Capernaum, do here also in your own city’?” And he went on, “Truly I say to you, A prophet is not received in his own city, nor among 44 his relatives: (Mark 6.4b) for a prophet is not despised, save in his own city, and among his own 45 kin, and in his own house. (Luke 4.25-27) Truly I say to you, In the days of Elijah the prophet, there were many widows among the children of Israel, when the heaven held back 46 three years and six months, and there was a severe famine in all the land; and Elijah {A 69} was not sent to one of them, except to Zarephath of Sidon, to a woman who was 47 a widow. And many lepers were among the children of Israel in the days of Elisha the prophet; but not one of them was cleansed, except Naaman the Nabathæan.” [266] 48 (Mark 6.5-6a) And he was not able to do many mighty works there, [267] because of their unbelief; 49 except that he laid his hand on a few of the sick, and healed them. And he was amazed 50 at their lack of faith. (Luke 4.28-30) And when those who were in the synagogue heard, 51 they were all filled with wrath; and they rose up, and brought him outside the city to the brow of the hill on which their city was built, 52 planning to throw him from its summit: but he passed through among them and went away.

    53 (Mark 6.6b) Then he went around in the villages surrounding Nazareth, and taught in their synagogues.

    Section 18

    1 (Matt. 14.1; Luke 9.7b) About that time Jesus’ fame and all the things that he had done brought him to the attention of Herod the tetrarch; (Mark 6.14b) and he was amazed, for he had obtained excellent 2 information concerning him. [268] (Luke 9.7c) Some said that John the Baptist was risen 3 from among the dead; (Luke 9.8a; Matt. 16.14b) others [269] said that Elijah had appeared; others, Jeremiah; 4 others, that a prophet of the old prophets was risen; (Luke 9.8b; Mark 6.15b) and others said that he 5 was a prophet like one of the prophets. (Matt. 14.2b; Mark 6.16-20) Herod said to his servants, “This is John the Baptist, he whom I beheaded; he is risen from among the dead: this is why mighty 6 {A 70} works come from him.”
    For Herod himself had sent and taken John, and thrown him into prison, for the sake of Herodias his brother Philip’s wife, whom he 7 had taken. And John had said to Herod, “You have no authority to take the wife of your 8 brother.” So Herodias avoided him and wished to kill him; but she could not. 9 (v.20) Herod feared John, knowing that he was a righteous and holy man; and 10 he guarded him, and heard him frequently, and gladly obeyed him.
    (Matt. 14.5) Although he wished to kill him; he feared the people, since they adhered to him as the 11 prophet. (Mark 6.21-29) Now there was a celebrated day, and Herod had made a feast for his influential men on the day of his anniversary, [270] (as well as for the officers and for the chief men 12 of Galilee). So Herodias’ daughter came in and danced in the midst of the company, and pleased Herod and those that sat with him. And the king said to the 13 girl, “Ask of me what you will, and I will give it to you.” And he swore to her, 14 “Whatever you will ask, I will give it to you, up to the half of my kingdom.”
    And she went out, and said to her mother, “What will I ask him?” [271]
    She said to her, “The 15 head of John the Baptist.”
    (v.25) And immediately she came in hastily to the king, and said to him, “I desire that you give me at this time, on a dish, the head of John 16 the Baptist.” Then the king was exceeding sorry; but because of the oath and the 17 guests he did not wish to refuse her. So immediately the king sent an executioner, and commanded that he should bring the head of John: and he went and cut off 18 the head of John in the prison, and brought it on a dish, and delivered it to the 19 girl; and the girl gave it to her mother. When his disciples heard, they came {A 71} and took his body, and buried it. (Matt. 14.12b) Then they went and told [272] Jesus what 20 had happened.
    (Luke 9.9) It was for this reason that Herod said, “I beheaded John: so who 21 is this, of whom I hear these things.” And he desired to see him. (Matt. 14.13a; John 6.1b) So Jesus, when he heard, moved from there in a boat to a waste place alone, to the other side of the sea of the Galilee of Tiberias. [273]

    22 (Mark 6.33a) And many saw them going, and knowing , hurried by land [274] from all the cities, and arrived there first; (John 6.2b-5a) for they saw the signs which he was performing on the 23, 24 sick. So Jesus went up into the mountain, and sat there with his disciples. Now 25 the feast of the Passover of the Jews was near. When Jesus lifted up his eyes, and saw large crowds coming to him. (Mark 6.34b) And he was moved with compassion for them, for 26 they were like sheep without a shepherd. (Luke 9.11b) So he received them, and spoke to them concerning the kingdom of God, and healed those who had need of healing.

    27 (Matt. 14.15a) When the evening approached, [275] his disciples came and said to 28 him, (Mark 6.36) “This place is deserted, and the time is late; send away the crowds of the people, [276] so that they may go to the towns and villages which are around us, and buy for 29 themselves bread; for they have nothing to eat.”
    (Matt. 14.16-17a) But he said to them, “They have 30 no need to go away; you give them food.”
    They said to him, “We do not have enough here.”
    (John 6.5b-9)He asked Philip, “Where will we buy bread that these may eat?” 31, 32 (he said that testing him; knowing what he was planned to do).
    Philip said {A 72}, “Two hundred pennyworth of bread would not suffice them after [277] small>33 everyone of them has taken a small amount.”
    One of his disciples said to 34 him (namely, Andrew the brother of Simon Cephas), “Here is a lad having five barley loaves 35 and two fish: but this amount, what is it for all these? (Luke 9.13b) [278] But do you want us to go and buy food for all the people? for we have no more 36 than these five loaves and the two fish.”
    (John 6.10b; and Luke 9.14b, 15a) Now the grass was plentiful there. Jesus instructed them, “Arrange all the people that they may sit down on the grass, 37 fifty people in a company.” (Mark 6.40) And the disciples did so. And all the people sat down 38 by companies, by hundreds and fifties. (Matt. 14.18) Then Jesus said to them, “Bring here 39 those five loaves and the two fish.” (Mark 6.41a) And when they brought them to him, Jesus took the bread and the fish, and looked to heaven, and blessed, and divided, and gave to 40 his disciples to set before them; (Matt. 14.19b) So the disciples set for the crowds the bread 41 and the fish; and they ate, all of them, and were satisfied. (Matt. 14.20a; John 6.12-13) When they were satisfied, he said to his disciples, “Gather the fragments that remain over, so that nothing 42 will be lost.” And they gathered, and filled twelve baskets with fragments, being those that remained over from those who ate of the five barley loaves and the two 43 fish. (Matt. 14.21) And there were five thousand people who ate, not counting the women and children.
    44 {A 73} (Mark 6.45) Right away he urged his disciples to go up into the boat, and that they should go before him to the other side, to Bethsaida, while he 45 himself would send away the crowds. (John 6.14-15) And those people who saw the sign which 46 Jesus did, said, “No doubt this is a prophet who has come into the world.” And Jesus was aware that they intended to come and take him, and make him a king; so he slipped away, and went up into the mountain alone for prayer.

    47, 48 (John 6.16-18) When the dusk was near, his disciples went down to the sea, and sat [279] in a boat, and came near to Capernaum. And the darkness came on, but Jesus 49 had not come to them. And the sea was stirred up against them because of a violent 50 wind was blowing. (Matt. 14.24) Still the boat was many furlongs distant from the land, and they had sustained heavy damage from the waves, and the wind was against them.

    Section 19

    1 (Matt. 14.25) In the hours just before dawn [280] Jesus came to them, walking on the 2 (John 6.19a, c) water, after they had rowed [281] with difficulty about twenty-five or thirty furlongs. 3 (Matt. 14.26-33) When he drew near to their boat, his disciples saw him walking on the water; and they were disturbed, and supposed that it was a false appearance; and they cried 4 out from their fear. But Jesus immediately spoke to them, and said, “Take courage, 5 it is I; do not be afraid.”
    Then Cephas answered and said to him, “My Lord, if it be you, 6 ask me to come to you on the water.”
    So Jesus said to him, “Come.” And 7 Cephas went down out of the boat, and walked on the water to come to Jesus.
    (v.30) But {A 74} when he saw how strong the wind was, he got afraid, and was about to sink; 8 then he lifted up his voice, and said, “My Lord, save me.”
    Immediately our Lord stretched out his hand and took hold of him, and said to him, 9 “You of little faith, why did you doubt?”
    And when Jesus came near, he got up 10 into the boat with them, he and Simon, and immediately the wind ceased. And those that were in the ship came and worshipped him, and said, “Truly you are the 11 Son of God.” (John 6.21b)And immediately the boat arrived at the land they were heading to. 12 (Mark 6.54a; Mark 6.51b-52) When they came out of the ship to the land, they were deeply amazed and 13 wondering: still they had not understood as a result of [282] the bread, because their minds were dull.

    14 (Mark 6.54; Mark 6.55-56) When the people of that region knew of Jesus’ arrival, they the whole area hurried, and began to bring those that were diseased, [283] carried in their 15 beds to the place where they heard that he was. And whatever place he entered, of the villages or the cities, they laid the sick in the markets, and sought that they might touch [284] even if only the edge of his garment: and all that touched [285] him were healed and recovered. [286]

    16 (John 6.22a-40) And on the next day, the crowd that was standing on the shore of the sea saw that the boat that into which the disciples had left in was the only one 17 there, and that Jesus went left in the ship with his disciples (although there were other boats from Tiberias near [287] the place where they ate the bread when Jesus blessed 18 it): So when that crowd saw that Jesus was not there, and neither were his disciples, they 19 {A 75} got into those boats, and came to Capernaum, and looked for Jesus. (v.25) And when they found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him, “Our 20 Master, when did you come here?”
    Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, You have not looked for me because of [288] your seeing the signs, but because of 21 your eating the bread and being satisfied. Do not serve the food that perishes, but the food which persists into eternal life, [289] which the Son of man will give to you: God the Father has sealed him.” [290]

    1. They said to him, “What can we do that we may 23 do the work of God?”
      Jesus answered them, “This is the work of 24 God, that you believe in the one he has sent.
      (v.30) They said to him, “What sign have you done, that we may see, and believe in you? what have you accomplished? 25 Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness; as it was written, He gave them bread from heaven 26 to eat.”
      Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, Moses did not give you bread from 27 heaven; but my Father gave [291] you the bread of truth [292] from heaven. The bread of God is what came down from heaven and gave the 28, 29 world life.”
      They said to him, “Our Lord, give us this bread always.”
      (v.35) Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life: whoever comes to me will not hunger, 30 and whoever believes in me will not thirst forever. But I told you, 31 You have seen me, and have not believed. And all that my Father has given to me comes to me; and whoever comes to me I will not throw him outside. 32 I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but to do the will of the one 33 who sent me; and this is the will of him that sent me, that I should not lose anything of 34 {A 76} that which he gave me, but raise it up in the last day. (v.40) This is the will of my Father, that everyone that sees the Son, and believes in him, should have eternal life; and I will raise him up in the last day.”

    35 (John 6.41-51) The Jews murmured against him because of his saying, “I am the bread 36 that came down from heaven.” And they said, “Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? then how can he say, ‘I came down from 37, 38 heaven?'”
    Jesus answered them, “Do not murmur with each other. No one is able to come to me, unless the Father who sent me draws him; and I will 39 raise him up in the last day. (v.45) It is written in the prophet, They will all be the taught of God. Everyone who hears from the Father now, [293] and learns from him, comes 40 to me. No one sees the Father now; except the one that is from God, he it is that sees 41 the Father. Truly, truly, I tell you, Whoever believes in me has eternal 42, 43 life. I am the bread of life. Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and 44 they died. (v.50) This is the bread which came down from heaven, that a man may eat 45 it, and not die. I am the bread of life which came down from heaven: and if a man eats of this bread he will live forever:” [294]

    46 (John 6.52-60) So the Jews quarreled with one another, asking, “How can he give us 47 {A 77} his body so we can eat it?”
    Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, If you do not eat the body of the Son of man and drink his blood, you will 48 not have life in yourselves. Whoever eats of my body and drinks of my blood 49 has eternal life; and I will raise him up in the last day. (v.55) My body truly is meat, [295] and 50 my blood truly is drink. [296] Whoever eats my body and drinks my blood remains 51 in me, and I in him- as the living Father sent me, and I am alive because of the 52 Father; so whoever eats me, he also will live because of me. This is the bread which came down from heaven: and not in the same way that your fathers ate the 53 manna, and died: whoever eats of this bread will live forever.”
    This he said in 54 the synagogue, when he was teaching in Capernaum. (v.60) And many of his disciples, when they heard, said, “This word is hard; who can bear to hear it?”

    Section 20

    1 (John 6.61-65) And Jesus sensed that his disciples were murmuring because of 2 that, and he said to them, “Does this trouble you? What then if you should see the Son 3 of man ascend to the place where he was from ancient times? It is the spirit that brings to life, and the body profits nothing: the words [297] that I speak to you are spirit 4 and life. But there are some of you that do not believe.” And Jesus already knew who would [298] not believe, and who would betray 5 him. (v.65) So he said to them, “Because of this I will tell you, No man can come to me, if that has not been given to him by the Father.”

    6 {A 78} (John 6.66-71) Because of this word many of his disciples turned back and no longer walked 7 with him. Then Jesus said to the twelve, “Perhaps you also wish to 8 go away?”
    Simon Cephas answered and said, “My Lord, to whom will we go? you 9 have the words of eternal life. And we have believed and known that you are the 10 Messiah, the Son of the living God”. (v.70) Jesus said to them, “I choose you, did I not, 11 you company of the twelve, and of you one is a devil?” He said that because of Judas the son of Simon Iscariot; for he, being of the twelve, was intending to [299] betray him.

    12 (Luke 11.37-39) While he was speaking, one of the Pharisees came asking him if he 13 would eat with him: and he went in, and reclined at the meal. And the Pharisee, when 14 he saw it, [300] marveled that he had not first cleansed himself before his eating. Jesus said to him, “Now you Pharisees wash the outside of the cup and the dish, and you think that you are cleansed; but your inside is full of injustice and wickedness.

    15, 16 (Luke 11.40-41) “You of little mind, he that made the outside make the inside did he not? Now give what you have [301] in alms, and everything will be clean to you.

    17, 18 (Mark 7.1-5) Pharisees and scribes, from Jerusalem came to him. And when they saw some of his disciples eating bread while they had not washed their hands, 19 they found fault. For all of the Jews and the Pharisees, if they do not wash their 20 hands thoroughly, do not eat; for they held [302] to the ordinance [303] of the elders. And they do not eat what was bought from the market, unless they have washed it; and many other things they kept of what they had received, such as the washing of cups, and 21 measures, and vessels of brass, and couches. (v.5) Scribes [304] and Pharisees asked him, {A 79} “Why do your disciples not walk according to the ordinances of the elders, but 22 eat bread without washing their hands?”
    (Matt. 15.3)Jesus answered them, “Why do you also overstep the command of God on account of your ordinance? 23 (Matt. 15.4a; Mark 7.10b-13) God said, Honor your father and your mother; and, Whoever reviles his father and 24 his mother will surely die. But you say, ‘If a man say to his father or to his mother, 25 “What you receive [305] from me is an offering,”- then you [306] allow him not to do anything 26 for his father or his mother; and you [307] make void and reject the word of God on account of the ordinance that you have ordained and commanded, such as the washing 27 of cups and measures, and what resembles that you do much. (Mark 7.8-9) And you forsook 28 the command of God, and held to the ordinance of men. Do [308] you act properly by wronging [309] 29 the command of God in order that you may establish your ordinance? (Matt. 15.7) You hypocrites, Isaiah the prophet prophesied well concerning you, saying,

    30 (Matt. 15.8-9) This people honors me with its [310] lips;
    But their heart is very far from me.
    31 But they fear me in vain,
    Since they teach the commands of men.”
    32 (Mark 7.14-16) And Jesus called all the crowd, and told them, “Listen to me, all of you, and 33 understand: nothing outside a person, which then enters him, is able to defile him; 34 but what goes out of him, that it is which defiles a person. Whoever is able 35 to hear, let him hear.”
    (Matt. 15.12-14) Then his disciples approached, and said to him, ” Do you know 36 that the Pharisees who heard this saying were angry?”
    He answered them, “No plant which my Father which is in heaven planted will be 37 {A 80} uprooted. Let them alone; they are blind leading blind. And if the blind lead [311] the blind, both of them will fall into a ditch.”
    38 (Mark 7.17a; Matt. 15.15) When Jesus entered the house from the crowd, Simon Cephas asked him, 39 “My Lord, explain to us that parable.”
    (Mark 7.18b) He said to them, “Do you not even understand this? Do you not know that nothing that goes into the 40 person from outside can defile him; because it does not go into his heart; it goes into his stomach only, and from there is evacuated in the cleansing which makes 41 all the food clean? [312] (Matt. 15.18) That which goes out from the mouth of the person comes out 42 from his heart, and it is that which defiles a person. (Mark 7.21-23) Evil thoughts come from within [313] the 43 hearts of people, fornication, adultery, theft, false witness, murder, injustice, wickedness, deceit, stupidity, evil eye, slander, pride, foolishness: 44 all of these evils come from within, from the heart, and they are the things 45 that defile the person: (Matt. 15.20b) but if someone eats but does not wash his hands, he is not defiled.”

    46 (Matt. 15.21a; Mark 7.24b-25a) Jesus went out from there, and came to the borders of Tyre and Sidon. He entered into a certain house, and did not want anyone to find it out; [314] but 47 he could not be hid. Immediately a Canaanite woman, whose daughter had an 48, 49 unclean spirit, heard of him. (Mark 7.26a) Now the woman was a Gentile from Emesa in Syria. (Matt. 15.22b-25) She came out after him, crying out, “Have mercy on me, my Lord, you 50 son of David; for my daughter is seized in an evil way by Satan.” [315]
    But he did not answer {A 81} her at all. And his disciples came and begged him, “Send 51 her away: she cries after us.”
    He answered them, “I was 52 not only sent to the stray sheep of the house of Israel.
    (v.25) But she came and worshipped him, and said, “My Lord, help me, have mercy on me.”

    53 (Matt. 15.26-28a) Jesus told her, “It is not proper that the children’s bread should be taken and 54 thrown to the dogs.”
    But she said, “Yes, my Lord: the dogs also eat of the crumbs 55 that fall from their masters’ tables, and live.”
    Then said Jesus to her, “Woman, 56 your faith is deep: it will be to you as you have desired. (Mark 7.29b) Go your waythen; and 57 because of this word, the devil is gone out of your daughter.” (Matt. 15.28b) And her daughter was 58 healed in that hour. (Mark 7.30) And that woman went away to her house, and found her daughter laid on the bed, and the devil gone out of her.

    Section 21

    1 (Mark 7.31-37) Then Jesus went out again from the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and came to the 2 sea of Galilee, near the borders of Decapolis. And they brought to him someone mute and deaf, and begged him that he would lay his hand on him and heal 3 him. So he took him away from the crowd, went away alone, and spat 4 on his fingers, and thrust them into his ears, and touched his tongue; and looked 5 to heaven, and sighed, and said to him, Be opened. (v.35) And in that hour his ears 6 were opened, and the fetter of his tongue was loosed, and he spoke with ease. Then Jesus strictly directed them that they should not tell this to anyone: but the more 7 he directed them, the more they increased in the telling, and were utterly amazed, and {A 82} said, This man does everything well: he made the deaf to hear, and those that lacked speech to speak.

    8, 9 (John 4.4-26) And while he was passing through the land of Samaria, (v.5) he came to one of the cities of the Samaritans, called Sychar, beside the field which Jacob gave to his son Joseph. 10 And Jacob’s spring of water was there. Jesus was fatigued from the exertion of the road, and sat at the spring. Now it was about noon. 11 [316] And a woman of Samaria came to draw water; and Jesus requested of 12 her, “Give me water, so I can drink.” His disciples had entered into the city 13 to buy food for themselves.
    The Samaritan woman said, “How do you, being a Jew, ask me to give you to drink, since I am a Samaritan woman?” 14 (v.10) (the Jews do not associate with the Samaritans [317] ).
    Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who this is that said to you, ‘Give me 15 to drink’; you would ask him, and he would give you the water of life.”
    That woman replied, “My Lord, you have no bucket, and the well is deep: from 16 Where are you going to get the water of life? Can it be that you are greater than our father Jacob, who gave us this well, and drank from it, and his children, and his sheep?”
    17 Jesus answered her, “Everyone that drinks of this water will thirst 18 again: but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will not thirst forever: but the water which I will give him will be in him a spring of water springing 19 up to eternal life.”
    (v.15) That woman said, “My Lord, give me of this water, that 20 I may not thirst again, and not come and draw water from here.”
    Jesus said to her, 21 {A 83} “Go and call your husband, and come here.”
    She replied, “I do not have 22 a husband.”
    Jesus said to her, “It is good that you said, ‘I have no husband: you have had five husbands, and this man you are now with is not your husband; so 23 in this you spoke correctly.”
    The woman said, “My Lord, I perceive you to 24 be a prophet. (v.20) Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and you say that the place for worship is in Jerusalem.
    25 Jesus told her, “Woman, believe me, an hour comes, when not in this mountain, not even in Jerusalem, will you worship 26 the Father. You worship that which you do not know: but we know what we worship: 27 because salvation is from the Jews. But an hour is coming, and is now, when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth: and the Father also 28 seeks worshippers like these. God is a Spirit: and they that worship him 29 must worship him in spirit and in truth.”
    (v.25) That woman said to him, “I know that 30 the Messiah is coming: and when he has come, he will teach us everything.”
    Jesus said to her, “I that speak to you am he.”

    31 (John 4.27-38) While he was speaking, his disciples came; and they wondered how he would speak [318] with a woman; but not one of them said to him, “What do you want?” or, 32 “What [319] are you talking about with her?”
    Then the woman left her waterpot, and went to the 33 city, and said to the people, “Come, and see a man who told me all that I ever did: 34 perhaps then he is the Messiah.” (v.30) And people went out from the city, and came to 35 him.
    In the mean while his disciples begged him, and said to him, “Our 36, 37 master, eat.”
    But he replied, “I have food to eat that you do not know.” And the disciples said amongst themselves, “Can anyone have brought him anything to eat?” [320]
    38 Jesus said to them, “My food is to do the will of the one that sent me, and to accomplish 39 {A 84} his work. (v.35) Did you not say that after four months the harvest comes? look, I, in reply, say to you, Lift up your eyes, and see the lands, 40 that they have become white, and the harvest is already come. [321] The one that reaps receives his wages, and gathers the fruit of eternal life; [322] and the sower and 41 the reaper rejoice together. For in this is found the word of truth, One sows, and 42 another reaps. And I sent you to reap that in which you have not labored: others labored, and you have joined in their labor.”

    43 (John 4.39-42) Many of the Samaritans from that city believed in him because of the words 44 of the woman, who testified, “He told me all that I ever did.” And when those Samaritans came to him, they begged him to abide with them; so he 45, 46 abode with them two days. Many believed in him because of his word; and they said to that woman, “Now we believe in him not because of your saying, but we have heard and known that this truly is the Messiah, the Savior of the world.”

    47, 48 (John 4.43-45a) After two days Jesus went out from there and departed for Galilee. Now Jesus 49 had testified that a prophet is not honored in his own city. But when he came to Galilee, the Galilæans received him.

    Section 22

    1 (Luke 5.12) When Jesus came to a certain village, a leper approached him, fell at his feet, and begged him, saying, “If you are willing, you can to 2 cleanse me.”
    (Mark 1.41-45a) And Jesus had mercy on him, and stretched out his hand, and 3 touched him, and said, “I will cleanse [323] you.” And immediately his leprosy departed 4 from him, and he was cleansed. Then he sternly instructed him, and sent him out, 5 {A 85} having said to him, “Make sure you do not tell anyone: but go and show yourself to the priests, and make an offering for your cleansing as Moses commanded 6 for a testimony to them.” (v.45a) But he, when he went out, began to tell everyone, and spread abroad the news, so that Jesus could not enter into any of the cities openly, for the extent to which the report of him spread, so he remained outside in a deserted 7 place. (Luke 5.15-16) And many people came to him from one place and another, [324] to hear 8 his word, and so that they could be healed of their pains. And he used to withdraw from them into the desert, and pray.

    9 (John 5.1) After that, was the feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

    10 (John 5.2-9) Now there was in Jerusalem a place prepared for bathing, [325] which was called in 11 Hebrew the House of Mercy, which had five porches. And there were laid in them many of the sick people, blind, lame, and paralysed, waiting for the moving 12 of the water. Because the angel from time to time went down into the place of bathing, [326] and moved the water; and the first that went down after the moving 13 of the water, every pain that he had was healed. (v.5) A man was there who had had a 14 disease for thirty-eight years. Jesus saw this man laying there, and knew [327] that he had 15 been thus a long time; and he said to him, “Would you like to be made whole?”
    That diseased one answered, “Yes, my Lord, I have no one, when the water moves, to put me into the bathing-place; but when I come, another goes down before 16, 17 me.
    Jesus said to him, “Rise, take your bed, and walk.” And immediately that man was healed; and he rose, and carried his bed, and walked.

    18 (John 5.10-29) Now that day was a Sabbath. And when the Jews saw the one that had been healed, they [328] said 19 to him, “It is a Sabbath: you have no authority to carry your bed.”
    And he answered them, “The man that made me whole, said to me, ‘Take your bed, 20 {A 86} and walk.'”
    So they asked him, “Who is this man that told you, 21 “Take your bed, and walk?” But the healed man did not know who it was; since Jesus had moved from that place to another, because of the press of the large crowd 22 there.
    Then after two days Jesus happened on him in the temple, and said to him, “Look, you are whole: do not sin anymore, so that nothing worse come on 23 you. (v.15) And the man went, and said to the Jews that it 24 was Jesus that had healed him.
    So because of that the Jews persecuted Jesus and 25 wanted to kill him, because he was doing this on the Sabbath. And Jesus said to 26 them, “My Father works until now, and I also work.” And because of this especially the Jews wanted to kill him, not only because he profaned the Sabbath; but also for his saying that God was his Father, and his making himself equal with God. 27 Jesus answered them, “Truly, truly, I tell you, The Son cannot do anything of himself, but only what he sees the Father do; what the Father does, 28 that the Son also does like him. (v.20) The Father loves his Son, and everything that he does he shows him: and he will show him more than these works, such that you 29 will marvel. As the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so the Son 30 also gives life to whomever he wants. And the Father judges no man, but has 31 given all judgment to the Son; so that every man may honor the Son, as he honors the Father. And he that does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who 32 sent him. Truly, truly, I tell you, Whoever hears my word, and believes in him that sent me, has eternal life, and does not come into judgment, but passes from 33 {A 87} death to life. (v.25) Truly, truly, I tell you, An hour will come, and even is now, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God; and those 34 who hear will live. As the Father has life in himself, [329] likewise he gave it to 35 the Son also so that he might have life in himself, [330] and also authority to judge, 36 because [331] he is the Son of man. Do not marvel at that: I am referring to the coming of the hour when all that are in the tombs will hear his voice, and will come out: 37 those that have done good, to the resurrection of life; and those that have done evil, to the resurrection of judgment.

    38 (John 5.30-47) “I am not able from myself to do anything; but as I hear, I judge: and my judgment 39 is just; I do not seek my own will, but the will of him that sent me. [332] I bear witness 40 to myself, and so [333] my witness is not true. It is another that bears witness 41 to me; and I know that the witness that he bears to me is true. You have sent 42 to John, and he has borne witness of the truth. But I do not seek human 43 witness; but I speak that you may live. 334 [335] was a lamp who shines and 44 gives light: and you were pleased to bask [336] now [337] in his light. But I have a witness greater than that of John: the works which my Father has given me to accomplish, 45 those works that I do, testify of me, that the Father has sent me. And the Father who sent me, he has testified of me. You have neither heard his 46 voice at any time, nor seen his appearance. And his word does not remain in you; because 47 you do not believe in him whom he has sent. Search the scriptures, in which you rejoice [338] 48 that you have eternal life; (v.40) and they testify of me; and you do not wish to come to 49, 50 {A 88} me, so that you might have eternal life. I do not seek praise from people. But I know 51 you, that the love of God is not in you. I have come in the name of my Father, and you did not received me; but if another come in his own name, that one 52 you will receive. How can you believe, although you receive praise one from another, 53 , you do not seek praise from God, the One? (v.45) Can it be that you think that I will accuse you before the Father? You have one that accuses you, Moses, in whom you have 54 rejoiced. [339] If you believed Moses, you would believe me also; Moses wrote of me. 55 And if you did not believed his writings, how will you believe my words?”

    Section 23

    1 (Matt. 15.29-30a) Jesus departed, and arrived at the shore of the sea of Galilee, and went 2 up on the mountain, and sat there. (v.30a) And large crowds came to him, bringing with them lame, blind, mute, maimed, and many other people, and 3 they set them at the feet of Jesus: (John 4.45b)since they had seen all the signs that he did in 4 Jerusalem, when they were gathered at the feast. (Matt. 15.30b–31) So he healed them all. And those crowds marveled when they saw the mute speak, the maimed healed, the lame walk, and the blind see; and they praised the God of Israel.
    5 (Matt. 15.32) Then Jesus called his disciples, and told them, “I have compassion on this crowd, because they have continued with me for three days with nothing to eat; and I am not willing to send them away fasting, in case they might faint on the road, (Mark 8.3b) some of them having 6 {A 89} come far.”
    (Matt. 15.33-39) His disciples said to him, “Where are we going to get 7 bread enough to satisfy all this crowd in the desert?”
    Jesus replied, “How 8 many loaves do you have?”
    (v.35) They told him, “Seven, and a few small fish.”
    So he 9 instructed the crowds to sit down on the ground; and he took the seven loaves and the fish, and blessed, broke, and gave to his disciples to set before 10 them; and the disciples distributed them to the crowds. They all ate, and were satisfied: and they took up seven baskets full of what remained of the fragments.. 11 Now the people that ate were four thousand men, not counting the women and children. 12 And when the crowds departed, he went up into the boat, and took it to the shore of Magada. [400]

    13 (Matt. 16.1a; Mark 8.11b) Then the Pharisees and Sadducees came to him, and began to seek a discussion with him. Then they asked him to show them a sign from heaven, testing him. 14 (Mark 8.12a; Matt. 16.4) And Jesus sighed within himself, and said, “What sign does this evil and adulterous generation look for? It looks for a sign, but it will not be given a sign, except the sign 15 of Jonah the prophet. (Mark 8.12b-13) Truly I say to you, This generation will not be given a 16 sign. And he left [401] them, and went up into the boat, and went away to the other side.

    17 (Mark 8.14-15) But his disciples forgot to take bread with them, and there was not even [402] one loaf with them 18 in the boat. (v.15) Then Jesus instructed them, “Be careful, and guard yourselves from the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees, and from the 19 leaven of Herod.” (Matt. 16.7-8) And they thought to themselves that they had not brought any bread with them. 20 But Jesus knew, and said to them, “Why [403] Do you think to yourselves, O you of little faith, and are anxious, because you have no bread? (Mark 8.17b-20) do you not perceive or understand even now? 21 is your heart still hard? Do you have eyes, and still not see? 22 {A 90} and do you have ears, and still not hear? do you not remember when I broke those five loaves for five thousand? how many baskets full of broken 23 pieces did you take up?”
    They said, “Twelve.”
    (v.20) He said to them, “And the seven also for four thousand: how many baskets full of broken pieces did you take up?”
    They 24 said, “Seven.”
    (Mark 8.21a; Matt. 16.11-12) He said to them, “How have you not understood that I did not speak to you because of [404] the bread, but that you should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees 25 and Sadducees?” Then they understood that he spoke, not that they should beware of the leaven of the bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees, which he called ‘leaven.’

    26 (Mark 8.22-26) After that, he came to Bethsaida. And they brought to him somone blind 27,and begged him that he would touch him. And he took the hand of the blind man, and led him out outside the village, and spat in his eyes, and laid his 28 hand on him, [405] and asked him, “What do you see?”
    The blind man looked intently, 29 and said, “I see men as trees walking.”
    (v.25) So he placed his hand 30 again on his eyes; and they were restored, [406] and he saw everything clearly. And he sent him to his house, and said, “Do not even go into the village, or tell anyone the village.”

    31 (Mark 8.27a) Then Jesus went forth, and his disciples, to the villages of Cæsarea Philippi. 32 (Matt. 16.13b-21a) While he was on the road, alone with his disciples, [407] he asked his disciples, 33 “What do people say of me that I am, the Son of man?” [408]
    They said to him, “Some say, John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah, or one of the 34, 35 prophets.
    (v.15) He asked them, “And you, who say you that I am?”
    Simon Cephas answered 36 {A 91} and said, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”
    Jesus answered and said to him, “You are blessed, Simon son of Jonah: flesh and 37 blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. And I also tell you, that you are Cephas, [409] and on this rock will I build my church; and the 38 gates of Hades will not prevail against it. To you I will give the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatever you will bind on earth will be bound in heaven; and 39 whatever you will loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.” (v.20) And he sternly charged his disciples, and warned them that they should not tell anyone concerning him, 40 that he was the Messiah. And from then on Jesus began to reveal to his disciples 41 that he was determined [410] to go to Jerusalem, (Mark 8.31b-32a) and suffer much, and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests, and the scribes, and be killed, then on the 42 third day rise. While he was speaking [411] (Matt. 16.22) Simon Cephas, being grieved 43 for him, said, “Let that be far from you, my Lord.”
    (Mark 8.33a) And he turned, and looked on 44 his disciples, and rebuked Simon, and said, (Matt. 16.23b) “Get behind me, Satan: for you are an obstacle to me: for you are not concerned with what pertains to God, but of what pertains to people.”

    45 (Mark 8.34a; Luke 9.23b) Then Jesus called the crowds along with his disciples, and said to them, “Whoever would come after me, let him deny himself, and take his cross every day, and 46 come after me. (Mark 8.35) And whoever wants to save his life will lose it; and whoever 47 loses his life for my sake, and for the sake of my gospel, will save it. (Luke 9.25) What will 48 someone profit, if gaining all the world, destroys [412] or loses his own life? [413] (Mark 8.37-38) or what 49 {A 92} will a person give in ransom for his life? [414] Whoever will deny me and my sayings in this sinful and adulterous generation, the Son of man also will 50 deny, when he comes in the glory of his Father with his holy angels. (Matt. 16.27) For the Son of man is about to [415] come in the glory of his Father with his holy angels; and then will he reward each according to his works.”

    Section 24

    1 (Mark 9.1) He said to them, “Truly I say to you, There are some standing here now that will not taste death, until they see the kingdom of God come [416] with strength, (Matt. 16.28b)and the Son of man who comes in his kingdom.”

    2 (Matt. 17.1) After six days Jesus took Simon Cephas, James, and John his brother, 3 and brought them up to a high mountain, only the three of them. (Luke 9.29a) And while they 4 were praying, Jesus changed, and looked like another person; (Matt. 17.2b; Luke 9.29b) his face shone like the sun, and his garment was very white like snow, like 5 the light of lightning, beyond what anything on earth can whiten [417] like it. (Mark 9.3b; 9.4) Then Moses and Elijah appeared 6 talking to Jesus. (Luke 9.31b-33a) So that they thought that the time 7 of his decease which was to be accomplished at Jerusalem had come. Then Simon and those that were with him were heavy with drowsiness, and with effort they roused themselves, and saw his glory, and those two men that were standing with him. 8 {A 93} When they began to depart from him, Simon said to Jesus, “My 9 Master, it is good for us to be here: (Matt. 17.4b) ) and if you are willing, we will make here three tabernacles; one for you, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah”; (Luke 9.33c) not knowing 10 what he said, because of the fear that gripped them. (Mark 9.6b; Matt. 17.5a) While he 11 was still saying that, a bright cloud overshadowed them. (Luke 9.34b) When they saw that Moses 12 and Elijah had entered into the cloud, they were afraid again.
    (Matt. 17.5b) Then a voice was heard out of the cloud, saying, “This is my beloved Son, whom I have chosen; 13 so listen to him.” (Luke 9.36a) And when this voice was heard, Jesus was there alone. 14 (Matt. 17.6-8) And the disciples, when they heard the voice, fell on their faces from the fear that 15 gripped them.
    Then Jesus came and touched them and said, “Arise, Do not be 16 afraid.” And they looked up, and saw Jesus as he was.

    17 (Matt. 17.9) When they went down from the mountain, Jesus instructed them, “Do not Tell what you have seen to anyone, until the Son of man has risen from 18 among the dead.”
    (Mark 9.10a; Luke 9.36c) So they kept the matter to themselves, and told no one in 19 those days what they had seen. (Mark 9.10b) And they discussed among themselves, “What is this 20 thing he was talking to us about, ‘when I am risen from among the dead’?”
    (Mark 9.11a; Matt. 17.10b) His disciples asked him, “What are the scribes saying, then, that Elijah 21 must first come? (Mark 9.12-13) He told them, “Elijah comes first to set everything in order, {A 94} and as it was written of the Son of man, that he should suffer many things, 22 and be rejected. But I say to you, that Elijah has come, and they did not know him, and did to him whatever they desired, as it was written of him. 23, 24 (Matt. 17.12b-13) In like manner the Son of man is going to suffer by their hand.” Then the disciples understood that he was speaking to them concerning John the Baptist.

    25 (Mark 9.14-15) And on the day on which they came down from the mountain, a crowd of many people met him standing with his disciples, and the scribes were discussing 26 with them. (v.15) But the people, when they saw Jesus, were perplexed, [418] and in their 27 exuberance they hurried [419] to greet him. (Luke 13.31-33) On that day some of the Pharisees came, and said to him, “Get going, and leave this area; because Herod wants 28 to kill you.”
    Jesus said to them, “Go and say to this fox, Behold, I am casting out demons, and I heal today and tomorrow, and on the third day I am perfected. 29 Nevertheless I must be watchful [420] today and tomorrow, and on the last day I will depart; for it cannot be that a prophet die outside of Jerusalem.”

    30 (Luke 9.38a; Matt. 17.14b) After that, a man from the crowd came to him, fell on his knees, and said to him, “I beg of you, my Lord, look on my son; (Luke 9.38b) he is my 31 only child: and the spirit comes on him suddenly. (Luke 9.39a; Matt. 17.15b) A lunacy [421] has come over 32 him, and evil things happen to him. (Mark 9.18a) And when it comes on him, it beats him about; [422] . 33 and he foams, grinds his teeth, and wither away; [423] (Matt. 17.15c; Luke 9.39c) and many times it has thrown him into the water and into the fire to destroy him, and it barely leaves him after 34 {A 95} bruising him. (Matt. 17.16-17) I brought him to your disciples, but they could 35 not heal him.”
    Jesus answered, “O faithless and perverse generation, how long will I be with you? and how long will I bear with you? bring your son 36 here.” (Mark 9.20-21) And he brought him to him: and when the spirit saw him, immediately 37 it beat him about; he fell on the ground, and was raging and foaming. Jesus asked his father, “How long has he has been like this?”
    He 38 replied, “From his youth until now. (Mark 9.22b-26)But, my Lord, help me in whatever way you 39 can, and have mercy on me.”
    Jesus said to him, “If you can believe! All 40 things are possible to the one that believes.”
    Immediately the father of the child 41 cried out, weeping, “I believe, my Lord; help my lack of faith.”
    (v.25) And when Jesus saw the rushing of the people, and their coming at the sound, he rebuked the unclean spirit, and said to it, “You mute [424] spirit that cannot speak, I command 42 you, [425] come out of him, and do not enter him again.” Then the spirit, devil, [426] cried loudly, bruised him, but came out; and the child fell as if dead, and 43 many thought that he had died. (Mark 9.27a; Luke 9.42b) But Jesus took him by his hand, and raised him 44 up, and gave him to his father; and the child was healed from that hour. (Matt. 17.18b; Luke 9.43a) And the people all marveled at the greatness of God.

    45 (Mark 9.28) When Jesus entered the house, his disciples came, and asked him 46 privately, [427] “Why were we not able to heal him?”
    (Matt. 17.20) Jesus said to {A 96} them, “Because of your unbelief. Truly I say to you, If you have faith as a grain of mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, ‘Move from here’; 47 and it will move; and nothing will overcome you. (Mark 9.29b) But it is impossible to cast out this kind by anything except by fasting and prayer.”

    48 (Mark 9.30) Then when he went out from there, they passed through Galilee: he did not want 49 anyone to know about it. [428] (Luke 9.44a; Mark 9.31a) And he taught his disciples, 50 (Mark 9.31b) “Keep these sayings in your ears and your hearts: because the Son of man is going to be delivered into the hands of men, and they will kill him; and when he is killed, he 51 will rise on the third day.” (Luke 9.45) But they did not understand what he was talking to them about, since it was concealed from them, so that they would not perceive it; and they were afraid to 52 ask him about this matter. (Matt. 17.23b) But they were deeply sorrowful.

    Section 25

    1 (Luke 9.46) About that time it occurred to the disciples to wonder which 2 would be the greatest among them. [429] (Mark 9.33-34a) When they came to Capernaum, and entered the house, Jesus said to them, “What were you discussing 3 among yourselves on the road? But they were silent because they had been discussing that matter.

    4 (Matt. 17.24b-27) When Simon went outside, those that received two dirhams for the tribute came to Cephas, and asked him, “Does your master not give his two 5 dirhams?”
    He said to them, “Yes.”
    (v.25) Then when Cephas entered the house, Jesus anticipated him, and said to him, “What do you think, Simon? from whom do the kings of the earth, receive custom and tribute? from their sons, or from 6 {A 97} strangers?”
    Simon said to him, “From strangers.”
    Jesus said to him, “Then children are free?”
    Simon said to him, “Yes.”

    Jesus said to him, 7 “You also give to them, like the stranger. But, so as not to trouble them, go to the sea, and cast a hook; and the first fish that comes up, open its mouth, and you will find a stater: take that, then, and give it for me and you.”

    8 (Matt. 18.1) At that time the disciples came to Jesus, and said to him, “Who do you think 9 is greater in the kingdom of heaven? (Luke 9.47a; Mark 9.36) Now Jesus knew what they were thinking, and calling a [430] child, set him in the middle, took him in his arms, and 10 said to them, (Matt. 18.3) “Truly I say to you, If you do not return, and become as children, 11 you will not enter the kingdom of heaven. (Luke 9.48) Everyone that receives in my name such as this child has received me: (Mark 9.37b) and whoever receives me receives 12 not me, but him that sent me. (Luke 9.48c) He who is little in your company, [431] 13 will be great. (Matt. 18.6) But whoever will injure one of these little ones that believe in me, it would be better for him if a huge millstone [432] was hung around his neck, and he be drowned in the depths of the sea.”

    14 (Luke 9.49) John answered and said, “Our Master, we saw someone casting out devils in your name; 15 and we prevented him, because he did not follow you with us.”
    (Mark 9.39) Jesus said to them, “Do not Prevent him; for no one who does powers in my name, can quickly speak evil 16, 17 of me. (Luke 9.50b) Everyone who is not in opposition to you is with you. (Matt. 18.7a, c-8) Woe to the world {A 98} because of trials! [433] but woe to that man by whose hand the trials come! 18 If your hand or your foot injure you, cut it off, and toss it from you; it is better for you to enter into life being halt or maimed, than that you should have two hands or two feet, and fall into the hell of fire that burns [434] forever; 19, 20 (Mark 9.44) where their worm does not die, and their fire is not quenched. (Matt. 18.9a) And if your eye seduce [435] 21 you, pluck it out, and toss it from you; (Mark 9.47b-50a) it is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye, than that you should have two eyes, and fall into the 22, 23 fire of Gehenna; where their worm does not die, and their fire is not quenched. Every 24 one will be salted with fire, and every sacrifice will be salted with salt. (v.50a) How good 25 is salt! but if the salt is also tasteless, how will it be salted? (Luke 14.34b; Luke 14.35) It is fit neither for the land nor for dung, but they toss it out. Whoever is able to hear, let him 26 hear. (Mark 9.50c) Have you salt in yourselves, and be in peace with one another.”

    27 (Mark 10.1-5a) And he left that place, and came to the borders of Judæa beyond Jordan: large crowds went to him there, so he healed them; and also he taught 28 them, according to his custom. The Pharisees came to him, testing 29 him, and asked him, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?”
    He said, “What 30 did Moses command you?”
    They said, “Moses made it allowable for us: Whoever 31 wants to should write up divorce papers, and divorce his wife.
    (v.5a) Jesus answered, (Matt. 19.4-9a) “Have you not read, He that made them from the beginning 32 made them male and female, and said, (v.5) For this reason will the man leave his father {A 99} and his mother, and cleave to his wife; and they both will be one body? 33 So then they are not two, but one body; the thing, then, that God has 34 joined together, no human should pull apart.”
    So those Pharisees asked him, “Why did Moses consent [436] that a man should write up divorce papers and divorce her?”
    35 Jesus said to them, “Moses gave you leave to divorce your wives 36; because of the hardness of your hearts but in the beginning it was not so. I say to you, Whoever divorces [437] his wife without fornication, and marries another, has exposed 37 her to adultery. (Mark 10.10-12) And his disciples, when he entered the house, asked him again 38 about that. And he said to them, Everyone who puts away his wife, and 39 marries another, has exposed her to adultery. Any woman that leaves her husband, and becomes another’s, has committed adultery. (Matt. 19.9b-12) And whoever marries 40 her that is divorced has committed adultery.”
    (v.10) And his disciples said to him, “If it is like that [438] between a man and a woman, it is not good for 41 a man to marry.”
    He said to them, Not every man can endure this saying, only 42 him to whom it is given. There are eunuchs that were born that way from their mother’s womb [439] ; and there are eunuchs that became eunuchs because of men; and there are eunuchs who made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. If someone is able to be content, let him be content.”

    43 (Matt. 19.13a) Then they brought him children, so that he would lay his hand on them, and 44 pray: and his disciples were rebuking those that were bringing them. (Mark 10.13b; Mark 10.14-16) When Jesus saw, it was distressing to him; so he said to them, “Allow the children to {A 100} come to me, and do not prevent them; for those that are like these have 45 the kingdom of God. (v.15) Truly I say to you, Whoever does not receive the 46 kingdom of God like this child, will not enter it.” Then he took them in his arms, and laid his hand on them, and blessed them.

    Section 26

    1, 2 (Luke 15.1-4) Tax collectors and sinners And came to him to hear his word. So the scribes and the Pharisees murmured, “This man receives sinners, and 3 eats with them.”
    Then Jesus, when he saw their murmuring, told them 4 this parable: “What man of you, if you had an hundred sheep, if one of them were lost, would not leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness, and go and seek the straying one 5 till he found it? (Matt. 18.13) Truly I say to you, When he finds it, he will rejoice over it 6 more than over the ninety-nine that did not go astray; (Luke 15.5b-6) and bear it on his shoulders, and bring it to his house, and call his friends and neighbors, and tell them, 7 ‘Rejoice with me, since I have found my straying sheep.’ (Matt. 18.14) So your Father who is in heaven does not desire [440] that one of these little ones that have strayed should perish, 8 and he looks for their repentance. (Luke 15.7) I say to you, Thus there will be more rejoicing in heaven over one sinner that repents, than over ninety-nine righteous persons who do not need repentance.

    9 (Luke 15.8-10) “Also, what woman who had ten drachmas would lose one of them, and not light a 10 lamp, and sweep the house, and seek it with care till she found it; and when she found it, call her friends and neighbors, and say to them, Rejoice with me, as I 11 have found my drachma that was lost? (v.10) I say to you, Thus there will be more joy {A 101} before the angels of God over the one sinner that repents, than over the ninety-nine righteous persons who do not need repentance.”

    12, 13 (Luke 15.11-32) Then Jesus also told them another parable: “A man had two sons: and the younger son said to him, ‘My father, give me my portion that is coming to 14 me of your goods. So he divided between them his property. Then after a few days the younger son gathered all his belongings, and went into a 15 far country, and there squandered his property by living wastefully. When he had exhausted everything he had, there cave a great famine in that country. 16 (v.15) And when he was in poverty, he went and hired himself to one of the people from a city 17 of that country; who sent him into the field [441] to feed the swine. And he used to long to fill his belly with the carob that those swine were eating: but no one 18 gave him any. So when he returned to his right mind, he said, ‘How many hired servants now in my father’s house have bread enough and to spare, while I am dying here with 19 hunger! I will get up and go to my father’s house, and say to him, “My father, I 20 have sinned in heaven and before you, and am not worthy now to be called your 21 son: make me as one of your hired servants.”‘ (v.20)And he arose, and came to his father. But his father saw him while he was at a distance, and was moved with compassion 22 for him, and ran, [442] and fell on his breast, [443] and kissed him. And his son said to him, ‘My father, I have sinned in heaven and before you, and am not worthy to be 23 called your son.’ His father said to his servants, ‘Bring forth a stately robe, and put 24 it on him; and put a ring on his hand, and put shoes on his feet: then bring and 25 slay a fatted ox, so that we can eat and make merry: for this my son was dead, and is 26 {A 102} alive; he was lost, and is found.’ (v.25) So they began to be merry. [444] Now his elder son was in the field; and when he came and approached the house, 27 he heard the sound of many people singing. [445] So he called one of the lads, and asked him 28 what this was. He said to him, ‘Your brother has arrived; and your father has 29 slain a fatted ox, since he has received him safe and sound.’ [446] Then he was angry, 30 and would not enter; so his father went out, and begged him to come in. But he said to his father, ‘How many years have I served you in bondage, and I never broke one of your rules; but you have never given me a kid, so I could 31 make merry with my friends? (v.30) but this your son, when he had squandered your 32 property with prostitutes, and returned, you have slain for him a fatted ox.’ (Luke 15.31-32) His father said to him, ‘My son, you are at all times with me, and everything I have is 33 your’s. It is appropriate for you to rejoice and make merry, since this your brother was dead, and is alive; and was lost, and is found.'”

    34 (Luke 16.1-12) And he told a parable to his disciples: “There was a rich man who had 35 a business manager; who was accused to him of having squandered his property. So his lord called him, and said to him, ‘What is this that I hear regarding you? Give me the account of your management; for it is now impossible for you to 36 be a manager for me.’ The manager asked himself, ‘What will I do, now that my lord is removing me from the management? I am not able to dig; and am ashamed to beg. [447] I 37 Here is what I will do, so that, when I go out of the management, they 38 may receive me into their houses.’ (v.5) Then he called one after another of his lord’s 39 debtors, and said to the first, ‘How much owe you my lord?’ He answered him, ‘An hundred portions’ [448] He told him, ‘Take your bill, sit down, and quickly write 40 fifty portions.’ [449] Then he said to the next, ‘And you, how much owe you my lord?’ He answered him, ‘An hundred cors of wheat.’ He told him, ‘Take 41 {A 103} your bill, sit down, and write eighty cors.’ And our [450] lord commended the sinful manager [451] because he had done a wise deed; for the children 42 of this world are wiser than the children of the light in this their age. So I also say to you, ‘Make friends for yourselves with the unrighteousness wealthy; [452] 43 so that, when is exhausted, they will receive you into their tents forever. (v.10) He who is faithful in [453] a little is also faithful in much: and he who is unrighteous in a 44 little is also unrighteous in much. If then in the wealth of unrighteousness you were 45 not trustworthy, who will entrust you with the truth? [454] . If you are not found faithful in what does not belong to you, who will give you what belongs to you?

    Section 27

    1 (Matt. 18.23-35) “So the kingdom of heaven is like a certain king, who wanted to square accounts 2 with his subjects. And when he began the process, they brought him one who 3 owed him ten talents. 455 But because he did not have enough to pay, his lord ordered that he should be sold, he, his wife, children, and all that he 4 had, and payment be made. So that subject fell down and did obeisance to him, and said to him, ‘My lord, have patience with me, and I will pay you everything.’ 5 Then the subject’s lord had compassion, and released him, forgiving him his 6 debt. Then that subject went out, and found one of his fellow-subjects, who owed him {A 104} a hundred pence; [456] and he took him, dealt severely with him, and said 7 to him, ‘Give me what you owe.’ So the fellow-subject fell down at his 8 feet, and begged him, ‘Grant me some time, and I will pay you.’ (v.30) But he would not; and took him, and cast him into prison, till he should give him his debt. 9 When their fellow-subjects saw what happened, it deeply distressed them; and 10 they came and told their lord of all that had taken place. Then his lord called him, and said to him, ‘You wicked servant, all that debt I forgave you, because 11 you begged me: was it not then incumbent on you also to have mercy on your 12 fellow-servant, as I had mercy on you?” [457] Then his lord became angry, and delivered 13 him to the tromenters, till he should pay all that he owed. (v.35) So will my Father who is in heaven do to you, if one does not forgive his brother for his wrong conduct [458] from 14 his heart. (Luke 17.3-4) Watch yourselves: if your brother sins, rebuke him; and if he 15 repents, forgive him. And if he acts wrongly towards you seven times in a day, and on that day returns seven times to you, and says, I repent of what I did to you; forgive him. 16 (Matt. 18.15-22) And if your brother act wrongly towards you, go and reprove him between you and 17 him alone: if he hears you, you have gained your brother. But if will not listen to you, take one or two with you, and so [459] at the mouth of two or three every saying will 18 be established. And if he will not listen to these either, tell the congregation; [460] if he still will not listen even to the congregation, let him be to you as a tax collector and a Gentile. [461] 19 Truly I say to you, All that you bind on earth will be bound in heaven: 20 and what you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven. I say to you also, If two of you agree on earth to ask, everything will [462] be granted them from my Father 21 {A 105} who is in heaven. (v.20) For where two or three are gathered in my name, I am there 22 among them.”
    Then Cephas approached him, and said, “My Lord, how many times, if my brother acts wrongly towards me, should I forgive him? 23 up to seven times? Jesus said to him, I do not sat to you, Until seven; but, Until seventy 24 times seven, seven. [463] [464] (Luke 12.47-50) And the servant that knows his lord’s will, and does not 25 prepare for him according to his will, will meet with severe punishment; but the one that does not know, and does something for which he deserves punishment, will receive light punishment. Of everyone to whom much has been given, much will be asked; and from the hand of one who has had much committed to him, much will be 26 required. I came to cast fire upon the earth; and I wish that it had 27 been kindled already. 465 I have a baptism to be baptized with, and I am 28 under considerable tension until it is accomplished. (Matt. 18.10-11) See that you do not despise [466] one of these little ones that believe in me. Truly I say to you, Their angels at all times see the 29 face of my Father who is in heaven. The Son of man came to save the thing that was lost.”

    30 (John 7.1) After that, Jesus walked around Galilee; he did not like to walk around Judæa, 31 because the Jews sought to kill him. (Luke 13.1-5) There came people who brought news of 32 the Galilæans, those whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices. Jesus answered them, “Do you imagine that those Galilæans were sinners 33 more than all the Galilæans, so that this thing has come upon them? No. Truly I say to you now, [467] that you will all also, if you do not repent, die similarly. 34 Or perhaps those eighteen on whom the palace fell in Siloam, and killed them, do you imagine that they were to be condemned [468] more than all the people that live 35 {A 106} in Jerusalem? No. (v.5) Truly I say to you, If you do not all repent, you will die like them.”

    36 (Luke 13.6-9) And he told them this parable: “A man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; 37 and he came and looked for fruit on it, but did not find any. So he said to the husbandman, ‘Look, for three years I have come and looked for fruit on this fig tree, and have not found 38 any: cut it down; why does it take up space in the ground?’ The husbandman said to him, ‘My lord, leave it this year also, so I can dig around it, and dung 39 it; then if it bear fruit-! but if not, then cut it down in the coming year.'”

    40 (Luke 13.10-17) When Jesus was teaching on the Sabbath day in one of the synagogues, 41 there was a woman there that had had a spirit of disease eighteen years; and she was 42 bowed down, and could not straighten herself at all. When Jesus saw her, he called 43 her, and said to her, “Woman, be freed from your disease.” And he put his hand 44 on her; and immediately she straightened up, and praised God.
    And the chief [469] of the synagogue responded with anger, because Jesus had healed on a Sabbath, and said to the crowds, “There are six days in which work ought to be done; 45 come and be healed in them, and not on the Sabbath day.”
    (v.15) But Jesus answered, “You hypocrites, does not each of you on the Sabbath day free 46 his ox or his ass from the stall, and go and water it? Should not this woman, who is a daughter of Abraham, and whom the devil [470] has bound for eighteen years, 47 be freed from this bond on the Sabbath day?” And when he said this, they were all put to shame, those standing, who were opposing him: [471] and all the people were pleased with all the wonders that came from his hand.

    Section 28

    [472] 1, 2 {A 107} (John 7.2-9) And at that time the Jewish feast of tabernacles was approaching. So the Jesus’ relatives said to him, “Move from here now, and go to Judæa, so that 3 your disciples can see the deeds that you do. No man does something secretly 4 and wishes to be seen. (v.5) If you do this, show yourself to the world. For 5 up to this time not even the Jesus’ relatives believed in him.
    Jesus said to them, “My time has not arrived as yet; but as for you, your time is always ready. 6 It is not possible for the world to hate you; but me it hates, because I testify 7 against it, that its deeds are evil. As for you, go you up to this feast: but I will not go 8 up now to this feast; for my time has not yet been completed.” He said this, and remained behind in Galilee.

    9 (John 7.10a; Matt. 19.1b-2) But when his relatives went up to the feast, he journeyed from Galilee, and 10 came to the borders of Judæa, to the country beyond Jordan; and large crowds came after 11 him, and he healed them all there. (John 7.10b-13) Then he went out, and continued on 12 to the feast, not openly, but as one that conceals himself. The Jews sought him 13 at the feast, and said, “Where is this man?”
    And there was a lot of murmuring there in the large crowd that came to the feast, on his account. For 14 some said, “He is good”: and others said, “No, but he leads the people astray.” But no one spoke of him openly for fear of the Jews.

    15 {A 108} (John 7.14-24) But when the days of the feast of tabernacles were half over, Jesus went 16 up to the temple, and taught. (v.15) And the Jews wondered, and said, “How does 17 this man know writing, [473] since he has not studied?”
    Jesus answered, “My doctrine [474] 18 is not mine, but his that sent me. Whoever wishes to do his will understands my doctrine, [474] whether it is from God, or whether I speak of mine own accord. 19 Whoever speaks of his own accord is looking for praise for himself; but whoever looks for praise for him that sent him, he is true, and there is no unrighteousness in his heart. 20 Did not Moses give you the law, but no one of you keeps the 21 law? (v.20) Why do you seek to kill me?”
    The crowd answered and said to him, “You 22 have demons: [475] who wants to kill you?”
    Jesus answered them, “I did 23 one deed, and you all marvel because of this. Moses has given you circumcision (not because it is from Moses, but it is from the fathers); and you on the Sabbath 24 circumcise a man. And if a man is circumcised on the Sabbath day, so that the law of Moses will not be broken; are you angry at me, because I healed the whole man on the Sabbath 25 day? Do not judge with hypocrisy, but give righteous judgment.”

    26 (John 7.25-31) And some people from Jerusalem said, “Is this not the one whom they seek to kill? 27 And look, he discusss with them openly, and they say nothing to him. Do you think 28 that our elders have learned that this is indeed the Messiah? We know where this man is [476] from; but no one knows where the Messiah comes from.”
    29 So Jesus lifted up his voice as he taught in the temple, and said, “You both know me, and know where I am from; but I have not come of my own accord; he 30 {A 109} that sent me is true, he whom you do not know: but I know him; since I am 31 from him, and he sent me.” (v.30)And they tried to grab him: but no one 32 laid a hand on him, because his hour had not yet come.
    Still, many of the crowd believed in him; and they said, “The Messiah, when he comes, can it be that he will do more signs than this man does?”

    33 (Luke 12.13-21) Then someone in the crowd said to our Lord, “Teacher, tell my brother 34 to divide the inheritance with me.”
    Jesus said to him, “Man, who 35 appointed me over you as a judge and divider?” (v.15) And he said to his disciples, “Watch yourselves in case you have any kind of inappropriate desire; because life will not be in abundance of 36 possessions.” And he gave them this parable: “A rich man’ ground 37 brought forth abundant produce: and he considered, 38 thinking, ‘What will I do, since I have no place to store my produce?’ And he thought, ‘I will do this: I will pull down the buildings of my barns, and rebuild them to make 39 them larger; and store there all my wheat and my goods. Then I will say to my soul, Soul, you have many goods laid by for many years; take your ease, eat, 40 drink, enjoy yourself.’ (v.20) God said to him, ‘O you little-brain, this night will your soul be taken from you; and who will get this that you have 41 prepared?” So is the one that lays up treasures for himself, and is not rich in God.”

    42 (Mark 10.17-19a) While Jesus was travelling on the road, a young man approached him [477] from among the rulers, [478] and falling on his knees, asked him, “Good Teacher, what must I do 43 so that I may have eternal life?” Jesus replied, “Why do you call 44 me good, since there is no one good but the one, that is God? [479] You know the commandments. [480] 45 (Matt. 19.17b;. 19.18a) If you want to enter into life, keep the commandments.” [480]
    The young {A 110} man asked him, “Which of the commandments?” [481]
    Jesus replied, 46 “You will not commit adultery, You will not steal, You will not kill, You will not bear false witness, You will not do injury, Honor your father 47 and your mother: and, Love your neighbor as yourself.
    (Matt. 19.19b; Matt. 19.20-21) That young man said, 48 “I have kept all these since I was young: so what is it that I lack?”
    And Jesus 49 looked intently at him, loved him, and said, “If you want to be faultless, you lack one thing: [482] go away and sell everything that you have, and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven: then take your 50 cross, and follow me.” (Matt. 19.22a; Luke 18.23b) And the young man frowned at this word, and went away 51 feeling sad; since he was very rich. (Luke 18.24a; Mark 10.23) And when Jesus saw his sadness, he looked towards his disciples, and said to them, How hard it is for those that have possessions to enter the kingdom of God!

    Section 29

    1 (Matt. 19.23-24) “Truly I say to you, It is difficult for a rich man to enter the kingdom of 2 heaven. And I also say to you, that it is easier for a camel to enter the eye of 3 a needle, than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.”
    (Mark 10.24) And the disciples were wondering about this. So Jesus answered and said to them again, “My children, how hard it is for those that rely on their possessions to enter the 4 kingdom of God!”
    (Mark 10.26-28) And those that were listening wondered more, and being disturbed, said to 5 one another, [483] “Who, do you think, can be saved?”
    And Jesus looked at them intently, and said, “With men this is not possible, but with God it is: 6 {A 111} it is possible for God to do anything.” [484] Simon Cephas said to him, “Look, we have left everything, and followed you; what is it, do you think, that we 7 will have?”
    Jesus said to them, “Truly I say to you, You that have followed me, in the new world, when the Son of man will sit on the throne of his glory, you 8 will also sit on twelve thrones, and will judge the twelve tribes of Israel. (Mark 10.29b-31) Truly I tell you, No man leaves houses, brothers, sisters, father, mother, wife, children, kinsfolk, or lands, because of the kingdom of God, or for 9 my sake, and the sake of my gospel, (v.30) who will not obtain [485] many times as much in this 10 time, and in the world to come inherit eternal life: and now in this time, houses, brothers, sisters, mothers, children, and lands, with persecution; 11 and in the world to come everlasting life. Many that are first will be last, [486] and that are last will be first.”

    12 (Luke 16.14-15) When the Pharisees heard all this, because of their love for wealth they 13 scoffed at him. And Jesus knew what was in their hearts, and said to them, “You justify yourselves before men; while God knows your hearts: what is admirable with men is improper before God.”

    14 (Luke 16.19-31) And he began to say, “A certain man was rich, and wore silk and purple, and enjoyed 15 himself every day in splendor: (v.20) and there was a poor man named Lazarus, and 16 he was thrown down at the door of the rich man, afflicted with sores, and he longed to fill {A 112} his belly with the crumbs that fell from the table of that rich man; yes, 17 even [487] the dogs used to come and lick his sores. As it happened, the poor man died, and the angels conveyed him into the bosom of Abraham: and the 18 rich man also died, and was buried. And while he was being tormented in Hades, 19 he lifted up his eyes from afar, and saw Abraham with [488] Lazarus in his bosom. And he called with a loud voice, and said, ‘My father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus to wet the tip of his finger with water, and moisten my tongue 20 for me; for, look, I am burning up in this flame.’ (v.25) Abraham said to him, ‘My son, remember that you received your good things in your life, and Lazarus his afflictions: 21 but now, see, he is at rest here, and you are tormented. But in any case, there is between you and us a great abyss, so that anyone who wants cross to you from here cannot, nor yet from there can they cross to 22 us.’ He said to him, ‘Then I beg you, my father, to send him to my father’s 23 house; I have five brothers; let him go, so that they not also sin, [489] and come to 24 the abode of this torment.’ [490] Abraham said to him, ‘They have Moses and the 25 prophets; they should listen to them.’ (v.30) He said to him, ‘No, [491] my father Abraham: but 26 if a man from the dead go to them, they will repent.’ Abraham said to him, ‘If they do not listen to either Moses or to the prophets, neither would they believe him if a man from the dead rose.’

    27 (Matt. 20.1-16) “The kingdom of heaven is like a householder, who went out early 28 in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. And he agreed with the laborers for 29 one penny a day per laborer, and he sent them into his vineyard. Then he went 30 {A 113} out three hours later, and saw others standing idle in the market. He said to them, ‘You may also go into my vineyard, and I will pay you what is appropriate.’ 31 (v.5) So they went. Thenb he went out again at noon and at three, p.m., [492] and did likewise, 32 and sent them. And about the five, p.m., [493] he went out, and found others standing idle. He asked them, ‘Why have you been standing the whole day idle?’ 33 They replied, ‘Because no one has hired us.’ He told them, ‘You may also go 34 into the vineyard, and you will receive what is appropriate.’ So when evening came, the lord of the vineyard said to his foreman, ‘Call the laborers, and pay them 35 their wages; begin with the later ones, and end with the former ones.’ And 36 those of eleven hours [494] came, and each received a penny. (v.10) So when the first came, they supposed that they should receive something more; but they also 37 received a penny each. When they received it, they spoke angrily against the 38 householder, and said, ‘These last worked one hour, and you have paid them equal 39 with us, who have suffered the heat of the day, and its burden.’ He answered them, ‘My friend, I do you no wrong: was it not for a penny that 40 you bargained with me? Take what is yours, and go your way; for I wish to 41 give this last as I have given you. (v.15) Or am I not entitled to do with what is mine [495] 42 as I choose? Or perhaps your eye is evil, because I am good?’ Thus the last ones will be first, and the first last. The many are called, but the chosen are few.”

    43 (Luke 14.1-6) When Jesus entered into the house of one of the chiefs of the Pharisees to eat bread on the Sabbath day, they were watching him to see what he would 44, 45 do. A man who had the dropsy was in front of him, so Jesus, answering, 46 said to the scribes and the Pharisees, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?” But {A 114} they were silent. So he took him, and healed him, and sent him away. 47 (v.5) Then he said to them, “Which of you will have his son or his ox fall into a well on the Sabbath day, and not lift him up immediately, and draw water for 48 him?” And they were not able to answer, not him even a word.

    Section 30

    1 (Luke 14.7-11) He spoke a parable to those who had been invited, because he saw 2 them choose the places that were in the highest part of the sitting room: “When a man invites you to a feast, do not go and sit at the head of the room; in case there 3 a man more prestigious than you shows up, and your host comes and requests, ‘Give the place to this man’: and you are embarrased when you rise and 4 take [496] another place. (v.10) Rather, when you are invited, go and sit last; so that when your host comes, he may say to you, ‘My friend, go up higher’: and 5 you will have praise before all that were invited with you. For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled; and everyone who humbles himself will be exalted.”

    6 (Luke 14.12-15) Then he also said to his host, When you make a feast [497] or a banquet, [497] do not invite your friends, not even your brothers, your relatives, or your 7 rich neighbors; in case they might also invite you, and you have this reward. But when you make a feast, invite the poor, those with withered hands, the 8 lame, and the blind: and you are blessed, since they have no means to reward 9 you; so your reward may be at the rising of the righteous. (15) And when one of the guests heard that, he said to him, “Happy is he that will eat bread in the kingdom of God.”

    10, 11 (Matt. 22.1 & 2) Jesus answered again in parables, (Luke 14.16b) “The kingdom of heaven has been compared {A 115} to [498] a certain king, who made a feast [499] for his son, and prepared a 12 large banquet, [500] and invited many: and he sent his servants at the time of the feast to inform them that were invited, ( Matt. 22.3b; Luke 14.17-20) ‘Everything is made ready for you; come.’ But 13 they would not come, and all of them began with one voice to make excuses. The first told them, ‘Say to him, I have bought a field, and I must go out 14 to inspect it: I pray that you to release [501] me, I ask to be excused.’ And another said, ‘I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I am going to examine them: I pray that you 15 release me, I ask to be excused.’ (v.20) Still another said, ‘I have married a wife, 16 so I cannot come.’ (Matt. 22.4-6) Then the king also sent other servants, and said, ‘Say to those that were invited, that my feast is ready, and my oxen and my fatlings are 17 slain, and everything is ready: come to the feast.’ (v.5) But they made light of it, and 18 went, one to his field, and another to his merchandise: and the rest took his 19 servants, and treated them shamefully, and killed them. (Luke 14.21a) So one of the servants 20 came, and informed his lord of what had happened. (Matt. 22.7-8) When the king heard, he grew angry, and sent his armies; and they destroyed those murderers, and 21 burned their cities. Then he said to his servants, ‘The feast is prepared, but those 22 that were invited were not worthy. (Luke 14.21c-22) Go out quickly into the markets and into the crossroads [502] of the city, and bring in here the poor, those with pains, the lame, and the blind. The servants did as the king commanded them. 23 Then they came, and said to him, ‘Our lord, we have done all that you commanded, 24 and there is here still room.’ (Luke 14.23a; Matt. 22.9b) So the lord told his servants, ‘Go out into the roads, the ways, and the paths, and everyone that you find, invite 25 {A 116} to the feast, and constrain them to enter, till my house is [503] filled. (Luke 14.23b; Luke 14.24) I say to you, that no one of those people that were invited will taste of my feast.’ 26 (Matt. 22.10-14) And those servants went out into the roads, and gathered all that they found, good and 27 bad: and the banquet-house was filled with guests. Then the king entered to see those 28 who were seated, and he saw there a man not wearing a festive garment: and he asked him, ‘My friend, how did you come in here without having festive garments on?’ 29 And he was silent. Then the king said to the servants, ‘Bind his hands and his feet, and put him out into the outer darkness; there will be weeping and 30 grinding of teeth.’ The called are many; and the chosen, few.”

    31 (John 5.1a) After that, the time of the Jewish feast of unleavened bread arrived, 32 and Jesus went out to go to Jerusalem. (Luke 17.11 & 12-19) While he went on the way, ten lepers met him 33 and standing at a distance, they lifted their voices, and 34 said, “Our Master, Jesus, have mercy on us.”
    When he saw them, he told them, “Go and show yourselves to the priests.” And when they went, they 35 were cleansed. (v.15) One of them, when realized he was cleansed, returned, and 36 was praising God with a loud voice; and he fell on his face before the feet of 37 Jesus, thanking him: now this man was a Samaritan. Jesus answered, 38 “Were not ten cleansed? where then are the nine? Not one of them went out of their way to come and praise God except this man who is from a foreign 39 people.” He said to him, “Get up, and go your way; your faith has given you life.” [504]

    40 (Mark 10.32) While they were heading up on the road to Jerusalem, Jesus went in front of them; and they wondered, and followed him fearing. Then he took his twelve disciples apart, 41 and began to tell them privately [505] what was about to happen to him. (Luke 18.31b) He said to {A 117} them, “We are going up to Jerusalem, and all the things will be fulfilled 42 that are written concerning the Son of man in the prophets. (Mark 10.33b-34a) He will be delivered to the chief priests and the scribes; and they will condemn him to death, 43 and deliver him to the peoples; [506] and they will treat him shamefully, whip 44 him, spit in his face, humble him, [507] crucify him, and slay him: (Luke 18.33-34) but on 45 the third day he will rise.” But they did not understand one thing of this; but the matter was hidden from them, and they did not grasp these things that they were being told.

    46 (Matt. 20.20-21a) Then the mother of the (two) sons of Zebedee approached him, along with her (two) sons, and did obedience to him, and asked of him a certain thing. And he said 47 to her, “What do you want?”
    (Mark 10.35-40) And James and John, her two sons, came forward, and asked him, “Teacher, we would like to make a request.”
    48 He said to them, [508] “What do you want me to do for you?”
    49 They said, “Grant us that we may sit, the one on your right, and the other 50 on your left, in your kingdom and your glory.”
    Jesus said to them, “You do not know what you ask. Are you able to drink the cup that I am to drink? and will you be baptized with the 51 baptism that I am to be baptized with?
    And they said to him, “We are able.”
    Jesus said to them, “You will drink the cup that I drink; and 52 you will be baptized with the baptism with which I am baptized: (v.40) but that you should sit on my right and on my left is not mine to give; but it is for him for whom my Father has prepared it.”

    Section 31

    1 (Mark 10.41-44) When the ten heard, they were moved with anger against James and John. 2 And Jesus called them, and said to them, “You know that the rulers of the nations 3 are their lords; and their influential men are set in authority over them. It will not be so {A 118} with you: but the one among you that would be great, let him be to you a 4 servant; and whoever of you would be first, [509] let him be to every man a 5 bond-servant: (Matt. 20.28) even as the Son of man also came not to be served, but to serve, and 6 to give himself a ransom in place of the many.” (Luke 13.22-30) He said this, and was going about 7 the villages and cities, teaching; and he went to Jerusalem.
    And a man asked him, “Are those that will be saved few?”
    Jesus answered 8 them,”Strive to enter at the narrow door: I tell you now, many will 9 seek to enter, and will not be able [510] – (v.25) from the time when the master of the house rises, and closes the door, and you will be standing outside, and will knock at the door, and will begin to say, ‘Our lord, open to us’; and he will answer and 10 say, ‘I tell you, I do not know you or where you come from’: and you will begin to say, 11 ‘we ate and drank with you, and you taught in our markets’; and he will say to you, ‘I do not know you or where you come from; depart [511] from me, you servants 12 of untruth.’ There will be weeping and grinding of teeth, when you see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, while you are 13 put forth outside. They will come from the east and the west, and from the 14 north and the south, and will sit down in the kingdom of God. (v.30) And the last that have become first, and the first that have become last there will be there at that time.”

    15, 16 (Luke 19.1-10) And when Jesus entered and passed through Jericho, there was a man named Zacchæus, 17 rich, and chief of the tax collectors. And he desired to see who Jesus was; but was not able due to the press of the crowd, because Zacchæus was short. 18 {A 119} And he hurried, and went ahead of Jesus, and went up into an unripe fig 19 tree [512] to see Jesus: for he was to pass that way. (v.5) When Jesus came to that place, he saw him, and said to him, “Make haste, and come down, Zacchæus: 20 today I must be in your house.” So he hurried down, and received 21 him joyfully.
    When they all saw, they murmured, “He has gone in 22 and lodged with a man that is a sinner.”
    So Zacchæus stood, and said to Jesus, “My Lord, half of my possessions I give to the poor, and what I have unjustly 23 taken [513] from anyone I return fourfold.”
    Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has 24 come to this house, because this man is also a [514] son of Abraham. (v.10) For the Son of man came to seek and save the what was lost.”

    25 (Luke 18.35a [rather, Matt. 20.29a + Mark 10.46a.]; Matt. 20.29b) When Jesus went out of Jericho, along with his disciples, a large crowd 26 came after him. (Luke 18.35b) Now there was a blind man sitting by the roadside begging. 27 (Mark 10.46b; Luke 18.36-37) And his name was Timæus, the son of Timæus. And he heard the sound of the 28 crowd passing, and asked, “Who is this?”
    They told him, “Jesus the Nazarene 29 passes by.”
    (Mark 10.47a; Luke 18.38-39a) As soon as he heard that it was Jesus, he called out with a loud 30 voice, “Jesus, son of David, have mercy on me.” And those that went before Jesus were rebuking him, that he should hold his peace: (Mark 10.48b-51) but he cried the 31 more, and said, “Son of David, have mercy on me.”
    Then Jesus stood, and commanded that they should call him. And they called the blind man, and said to 32 him, “Be of good courage, and rise; for, listen, he calls you.’ (v.50) So the blind 33 man threw away his garment, and rose, and came to Jesus.
    Jesus said to him, “What do you wish that I should do to you?”
    The blind man said to him, “My Lord and Master, that my eyes may be opened, so that I may see you.” [515]
    34 {A 120} (Matt. 20.34a) Then Jesus had compassion on him, and touched his eyes, and said to 35 him, “See; your faith has saved you.” (Luke 18.42b; Luke 18.43) And immediately he received his sight, [516] and came after him, and praised God; and all the people that saw praised God.

    36 (Luke 19.11b-27) He told a parable because he was nearing [517] Jerusalem, and they expected 37 that at that time the kingdom of God was about to appear. He said to them, “A man, a son of a great race, went into a far country, to receive a kingdom, and 38 return. So he called his ten servants, and gave them ten shares, and said to 39 them, ‘Trade till the time of my returning.’ But the people of his city hated him, and 40 sent messengers after him, and said, ‘We do not want this man to reign over us.’ (v.15) Now when he had received a [518] kingdom, and returned, he said that the servants to whom he had given the money should be called to him, that he might know what each 41 of them had traded. The first came, and said, ‘My lord, your share has gained 42 ten shares.’ The king said to him, ‘You good and faithful servant, who have 43 been found faithful in a little, be you set over ten districts.’ Then the second came, 44 and said, ‘My lord, your portion has gained five portions.’ And he said to him 45 also, ‘And you will be set over five districts.’ (v.20) Then another came, and said, ‘My 46 lord, here is your portion, which was with me laid by in a napkin: I feared you, because you are a hard man, and take what you did not leave, and seek 47 what you did not give, and reap what you did not sow.’ His lord said to him, ‘From your mouth will I judge you, you wicked and idle servant, who was untrustworthy. You knew that I am a hard man, and take what I did not 48 leave, and reap what I did not sow: why did you not put my money at usury, 49 and so I might come and seek it, with its gains?’ And he said to those that were standing in front of him, ‘Take from him the share, and give it to him that has 50, 51 {A 121} ten shares.’ (v.25) They said to him,’ Our lord, he has ten shares.’ He said to them, I say to you, ‘Everyone that has will be given to; and 52 he that has not, what he has will also be taken from him. And those mine enemies who were not willing that I should reign over them, bring them, and kill them before me.’

    Section 32

    1 (Matt. 21.12a; John 2.14a) When Jesus entered Jerusalem, he went up to the temple of God, and found 2 oxen, sheep, and doves there. (Matt. 21.12b) When he saw the sellers, buyers, and the exchange bankers sitting, (John 2.14b) he made for himself a rope whip, and drove them all out of the temple: the sheep, the oxen, and the exchange bankers; (Matt. 21.12c)and he threw down their money, and upset their tables, and the seats of 3 the dove sellers; (Matt. 21.13) and he was teaching, and saying to them, “Is it not written, My house is a house of prayer for all peoples? and you have made it a den 4 for robbers.” (John 2.16) And he said to the dove sellers, Take this from here, and 5 do not make my Father’s house a house of merchandise. (Mark 11.16) And he did not allow any 6 one to carry vessels inside the temple. (John 2.17-22) And his disciples remembered the scripture, 7 The zeal for your house has consumed me.
    The Jews responded, saying to him, 8 “What sign have you shown us, that you do this?”
    Jesus answered and said to 9 them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it in three days.”
    (v.20) The Jews said to him, “This temple was built in forty-six years, and will you raise it in three days?” 10 But he was talking to them about the temple of his body, that when [519] they destroyed it, he 11 {A 122} would raise it in three days. When, therefore, he rose from among the dead, his disciples remembered that he said this; and they believed the scriptures, and the word that Jesus spoke.

    12 (Mark 12.41-42a) When Jesus sat down near the treasury, he observed how the crowds were tossing their offerings into the treasury: and many rich men were 13, 14 throwing in a great deal. Then there came a poor widow, and tossed in two mites. (Luke 21.3) So Jesus called his disciples, and told them, “Truly I say to you, This poor 15 widow tossed into the treasury more than all the people: (Mark 12.44a) and all of these tossed into the place of the offering of God [520] from the excess of their wealth; while this woman from her want threw in all that she possessed.”

    16 (Luke 18.9-14) He told them this parable, concerning people who trusted in their 17 own righteousness, and have contempt for all others: (v.10) “Two men went up to the 18 temple to pray; one of them a Pharisee, and the other a tax collector. And the Pharisee stood apart, [521] and prayed, ‘O Lord, I thank you, since I am not like the rest of men, the unjust, the profligate, the extortioners, or even like this tax collector; 19 but I fast two days a week, and tithe all my possessions.’ [522] And the tax collector was 20 standing at a distance, and he would not even lift up his eyes to heaven, but was 21 beating on his breast, and saying, ‘O Lord, have mercy on me, me the sinner.’ I say to you, that this man went down justified to his house more than the Pharisee. Everyone that exalts himself will be humbled; and everyone that humbles himself will be exalted.

    22 {A 123} (Mark 9.19a; Matt.21.17) When evening came, he left all the people, and went outside the 23 city to Bethany, along with his twelve, and he stayed there. (Luke 9.11) But all the people, because they knew the place, came to him, and he received them; and he healed those that 24 needed it. (Mark 11.12) On the next morning, when he returned 25 to the city from Bethany, he was hungry. And he saw a [523] fig tree at a distance on the beaten highway, having leaves on it. And he came to it, expecting to find something on it; but when he came, he found nothing on it but the leaves-it [524] was not 26 the season of figs- and he said to it, “From now on forever no one will eat fruit of you.” And his disciples heard.

    27 (Mark 11.15a; John 3.1-21) Then they arrived at Jerusalem. And there was there a man of the Pharisees, 28 named Nicodemus, ruler of the Jews. This man came to Jesus by night, and said to him, “My Master, we know that you have been sent from God as a teacher; since no one could do these signs that you do, unless God is 29 with him.
    Jesus answered him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, If a man 30 be not born a second time, he cannot see the kingdom of God.”
    Nicodemus said to him, “How can a man who is old be born? Do you think he can return again to 31 his mother’s womb a second time, to enter and be born?”
    (v.5) Jesus answered him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, If a man is not born of water and the Spirit, 32 he cannot enter the kingdom of God. For the one that is born of flesh is flesh; and the one that 33 is born of Spirit is spirit. Do not be amazed that I said to you that you must be born a 34 {A 124} second time. The wind blows where it chooses, and you hear its voice, but you do not know what place it comes from, nor where it goes: so 35 is every man that is born of the Spirit.”
    Nicodemus answered him, 36 “How can that be?” (v.10) Jesus answered him, “Are you teaching [525] Israel, 37 and yet do not know these things? Truly, truly, I say to you, What we know 38 we say, and what we have seen we witness: and you receive not our witness. If I told to you what is on earth, and you did not believe, then how will you believe if I tell you 39 what is in heaven?” No man has ascended up into heaven, except the one that descended from heaven, the Son of man, who is in heaven. 40 “As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so is the Son of man to be 41 lifted up; (v.15) so that everyone who believes in him may not die, but have 42 eternal life.” God so loved the world, that [526] he should give his only Son; and so everyone who believes in him would not perish, but would have eternal life. 43 God sent not his Son into the world to judge the world; but that the world might 44 be saved by his hand. He that believes in him will not be judged: but he that believes not is condemned beforehand, because he has not believed in the name 45 of the only Son, the Son of God. [527] This is the judgment, that the light came into the world, and men loved the darkness more than the light; because their deeds 46 were evil. (v.20) Whoever does evil deeds hates the light, and does not come to the 47 light, in case his deeds be reproved. But he that does the truth comes to the light, so that his deeds may be known, that they have been done in God.

    Section 33

    1 {A 125} (Mark 11.19-20) And when evening came, Jesus went outside of the city, along with his 2 disciples. As they passed it in the morning, the disciples saw that fig tree 3 withered away from its root. (Matt. 21.20b) So they passed by, and commented, “How did the fig tree dry 4 up immediately?”
    (Mark 11.21-23) Simon remembered, and said to him, “My Master, look, 5 that fig tree that you cursed has dried up.”
    Jesus answered 6 them, “Let the faith of God be in you. Truly I tell you, if you believe, and do not doubt in your hearts, and assure yourselves that what you say will happen 7, you will have what you say. (Matt. 21.21b-22) If you say to this mountain, ‘Move, and 8 fall [528] into the sea,’ it will be. All that you ask God in prayer, and believe, he 9, 10 will give you.”
    (Luke 17.5-10) So the apostles [529] said to our Lord, “Increase our [530] faith.”
    He said to them, “If you have faith like a grain of mustard, you will say to this fig tree, ‘Be you ripped out, and be planted in the sea’; and it will obey you. 11 Who of you has a servant driving a yoke of oxen or tending sheep, and if he 12 comes from the field, will say to him immediately, ‘Go and sit down’? No, [531] he will say to him, ‘Prepare my supper, gird your waist, and serve me, till I eat and drink; then afterwards you may also eat and drink.’ 13 Do you suppose that that servant, who did what he was asked, receives praise? I think 14 not. (v.10) So you also, when you have done all that you were asked, say, ‘We are idle servants; we have done what was our duty to do.’

    15 (Mark 11.24-26) “For this reason I say to you, Whatever you pray and ask, believe that you will 16 {A 126} receive, and you will have it. (v.25) And when you stand to pray, forgive what is in your heart against anyone; and your Father who is in heaven will 17 forgive you also for your wrong-doings. But if you do not forgive others their wrong-doings, neither will your Father in turn forgive you your wrong-doings.”

    18 (Luke 18.1-8) He spoke to them a parable also, that they should pray at all times, and 19 not be lethargic: “There was a judge in a city, who did not fear God, nor was he abashed 20 before people: and there was a widow in that city; and she came to him, and said, 21 ‘Give me justice against my antagonist.’ He was reluctant for a long time: but eventually he told himself, ‘Even though I have no fear of God, and no shame before people; 22 (v.5) yet because this widow aggravates me, I will grant her justice, so that she does not come at all times 23, 24 and annoy me.'” And our Lord said, “Consider what the unjust judge said. And will God not even more give justice for his elect, who call on him night 25 and in day, and grant them relief? I say to you, He will give them justice quickly. But do you think the Son of man will come and find faith on the earth?”

    26, 27 (Mark 11.15a) When they came again to Jerusalem (Luke 20.1-2a) it happened one day, while Jesus was walking in the temple, teaching the people, and preaching the 28 gospel, that the chief priests and the scribes with the elders came on him, and asked him, “Tell us: (Mark 11.28b) By what power do you do this? and who gave you this 29 power to do it?”
    (Mark 11.29a; Matt. 21.24b-25a) And Jesus responded, “I also will ask you one thing, and if 30 you tell me, I also will tell you by what power I do that. The baptism of John, where 31 was it from? from heaven or from men? (Mark 11.30b)Tell me.”
    (Matt. 21.25b-26a) So they discussed among themselves, {A 127} saying, “If we will say to him, ‘From heaven’; he will say to 32 us, ‘Then why did you not believe him?’ But [532] if we will say, ‘Of men’; 33 we fear [533] that the people will stone us, all of them” (Luke 20.6b; Mark 11.32b-33) (since all of them were holding [534] 34 to John, that he was a true prophet). They answered him, “We do not 35 know.”
    (Matt. 21.28-32) Jesus said to them, “Then neither will I tell you by what power I work. What do you think? A man had two sons; and he went to the first, and said to him, ‘My 36 son, go today, and till in the vineyard.’ But he answered and said, ‘I do not wish 37 to’: but finally he repented, and went. (v.30) And he went to the other, and told 38 him the same thing. He answered, ‘Yes, my lord’: but did not go. Which of these two did the will of his father?”
    They said to him, “The first.”
    Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you, The tax collectors and prostitutes are going before you into 39 the kingdom of God. John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him; but the tax collectors and prostitutes believed him; and you did not repent later, not even when you saw, that you might believe in him.

    40 (Matt. 21.33a-34) “Listen to another parable: A man was a householder, and planted a vineyard, surrounded it with a hedge, dug a winepress, and built a tower in it. 41, 42 [535] He set tenant farmers in it, and went to a distant place for a long time. So when the time of the fruits came, he sent his servants [536] to the tenant farmers, so they would 43 send him some of the produce [537] of his vineyard. (Mark 12.3b-5a) And those tenant farmers beat him, and 44 sent him away empty. He sent them again another servant; and they 45 stoned him, and wounded [538] him, and sent him away with shameful handling. (v.5a) So he sent again another; and they killed him. And he sent many other servants to 46 them. (Matt. 21.35-36) And the tenant farmers took his servants, and one they beat, and another they 47 stoned, and another they killed. So he sent again other servants more than the first; and 48 {A 128} they did likewise with them. (Luke 20.13) So the owner of the vineyard considered, ‘What will I do? I will send my cherished son: it may be they will see him and be 49, 50 ashamed.’ (Mark 12.6a) So at last he sent to them his cherished son. (Matt. 21.38a) But the tenant farmers, when they saw the son, said to each other, ‘This is the heir.’ 51, 52 (Luke 20.14b) And they said, ‘We will slay him, and so the inheritance will be ours.’ (Matt. 21.39-42a) So they took 53 him, and put him outside the vineyard, and killed him. (v.40) When then the lord 54 of the vineyard will come, what will he do with those tenant farmers?”
    They said to him, “He will destroy them in the worst of ways, [539] and give the vineyard to 55 other tenant farmers, who will give him fruit in its season.”
    Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the scripture,

    The stone which the builders declared to be inferior,
    (Luke 20.17b) Came to be at the head of the corner:
    56 (Matt. 21.42c) This was from God,
    And it is wonderful in our eyes?
    57 (Matt. 21.43-46) “Therefore I say to you, The kingdom of God will be taken from you, and 58 given to a people that will produce fruit. And whoever falls on this stone will be broken in pieces: but on whomever it falls, it will grind him to 59 powder.” (v.45) And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they 60 could tell that he was speaking was about them. So they wanted to seize him; but they were afraid of the crowd, because they were regarding him as the prophet.

    Section 34

    1 (Luke 20.20b; Matt. 22.15-17) Then the Pharisees went and considered how they might trap him in a discussion, 2 and deliver him into the power of the judge, [600] and into of the ruler. And they sent their students to him, with the relatives of Herod; and they said to him, {A 129} “Teacher, we know that you speak the truth, and teach the way of God with equity, [601] and are not lifted up [602] by anyone: for you do not do things for the sake of 3 appearances. Tell us now, What is your opinion? Is it lawful that we should 4 pay the tribute to Cæsar, or not? should we give, or should we not give?
    (Mark 12.15a) But Jesus knew 5 their deceit, and said to them, (Matt. 22.18b; Matt. 22.19-21) “Why do you test me, you hypocrites? Show me the 6 penny of the tribute.” (v.20) So they brought to him a penny. Jesus said to them, “Whose image and inscription is this?”
    They said to him, “Cæsar’s.”
    7, 8 He said to them, “Give what is Cæsar’s to Cæsar, and what is God’s to God.” (Luke 20.26) And they could not make him slip in a single mater before the people; and they marveled at his saying, and refrained.

    9 (Matt. 22.23-24) The same day the Sadducees came, and said to him, [603] “There is no life for 10 the dead.” And they asked him, “Teacher, Moses said to us, If a man die, not having children, let his brother take his wife, and raise up seed 11 for his brother. (Matt. 22.25; Luke 20.29b-31) Now there were with us seven brothers: the first took a wife, 12 and died without children; (v.30) so the second took his wife, and died without children; 13 and the third also took her; and in like manner the seven of them also, and they 14, 15 died without leaving children. (Matt. 22.27-28) Finally, last of them all the woman died also. At the resurrection, then, which of these seven will have this woman? for all of them took 16 her.”
    (Matt. 22.29a; Mark 12.24b)Jesus answered and said to them, “Is it not for this that you have erred, 17 because you know neither the scriptures, nor the power of God? (Luke 20.34b-36) The sons of this 18 world take wives, and the women become the men’s; 604 but those that have become worthy of that world, and the resurrection from among the dead, do [605] not take 19 {A 130} wives, and the women also do [605] not become the men’s. Nor is it possible that they should die; but they [606] are like the angels, and are the children of 20 God, because they have become the children of the resurrection. (Matt. 22.30a; Mark 12.26b) For in [607] the resurrection of the dead, have you not read in the book of Moses, how from the bush God said to him, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? 21 (Luke 20.38; Mark 12.27b) God is not the God of the dead, but of the living: for all of them are alive with him. And you have erred greatly.”

    22, 23 (Matt. 22.33) And when the crowds heard, they were wondering at his teaching. (Luke 20.39) 24 Some of the scribes answered him, “Teacher, well said!” (Matt. 22.34) But the rest of the Pharisees, when they saw how he silenced the Sadducees on this point, gathered against him to oppose with him.

    25 (Matt. 22.35a; Mark 12.28b) One of the scribes, of those that knew the law, when he saw how excellent 26 his answer to them was, desired to try him, and said to him, (Luke 10.25b) “What shall I do to inherit eternal life?” and, (Mark 12.28b-30) “Which of the commandments is greater, and has precedence 27 in the law?”
    Jesus said to him, “The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O 28 Israel; The Lord our God, the Lord is one: (v.30) and you will love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your thought, and with all your 29, 30 strength. (Matt. 22.38) This is the great and preëminent [608] commandment. (Mark 12.31) And the second, which is like it, is, You will love your neighbor as yourself. There is not another commandment 31 greater than these two. (Matt. 22.40) On these two commandments, then, are hung the 32 {A 131} law and the prophets.”
    (Mark 12.32-34a) That scribe said to him, “Excellent! my Master; [609] you have said truly that he is one, and there is no other outside of him: 33 and that a man should love him with all his heart, and with all his thought, and with all his soul, and with all his strength, and that he should love his neighbor as 34 himself, is better than all incense [610] and sacrifices.”
    Then Jesus saw that he had answered wisely; and he answered, “You are not far from the 35, 36 kingdom of God. (Luke 10.28b-37) You have spoken rightly: do this, and you will live.”
    And he, wanting to justify himself, said, “And who is my neighbor?”
    37 (v.30) Jesus said to him, “A man was travelling from Jerusalem to Jericho; and the robbers fell on him, and stripped [611] him, and beat him, leaving him barely alive, [612] 38 and went away. As it happened that a priest came down that way; 39 and he saw him, and passed by. Likewise a Levite also came reaching 40 that place and seeing him, he passed by. Then a Samaritan, as he journeyed, 41 came to [613] the place where he was, saw him, and had compassion on him. He came near, and bound up his blows, [614] and poured wine and oil on them, and setting [615] him on the ass, brought him to the inn, and expended his care on him. 42 (v.35) On the next day he took out two pence, and gave them to the innkeeper, and said to him, ‘Care for him; and if you spend more on him, 43 I will repay you when I return.’ Who of these three now, do you think, is nearest 44 to him that fell among the robbers?”
    And he replied, “The one that had compassion 45 {A 132} on him.”
    (Mark 12.34b) Jesus said to him, “Go, and do likewise.” And no one dared afterwards to ask him anything.

    46 (Luke 19.47-48) Now he was teaching every day in the temple. But the chief priests, scribes, and the elders of the people wanted to to destroy him: but they could [616] not find what 47 they could do with him; and all the people were hanging on him to hear him. 48 (John 7.31-36) Many of the crowd believed in him, and said, “The Messiah, when he 49 comes, can it be that he will do more than these signs that this?” When the Pharisees and the chief priests heard the crowds speak him like that; they sent 50 officers [617] to grab him.
    But Jesus said to them, “I have only a little time left with you, 51 then I will go to him that sent me. You will look for me, but will not find me: 52 and where I will be, you will not be able to come.”
    (v.35) The Jews said among themselves, “Where has this man determined to go that we will not be able [618] to find him? can it be that he is determined to go to the regions of the nations, [619] and teach 53 the heathen? What is this word that he said, ‘You will look for me, and will not find me: and where I am, you cannot come?'”

    Section 35

    1 (John 7.37-44) And on the great day, which is the last of the festival, Jesus stood, crying out and 2 saying, “If any man is thirsty, let him come to me, and drink. Everyone that believes in me, as the scriptures said, there will flow from his belly rivers of pure 3 water. He said that referring to the Spirit, which those who believed in him were to receive: for the Spirit was not yet granted; and because Jesus had not yet been 4 {A 133} glorified.
    (v.40) Many of the crowd that heard his words said, “This is 5 in truth the prophet.” And others said, “This is the Messiah.” But others 6 said, “Can it be that the Messiah will come from Galilee? Has not the scripture said that the Messiah comes from the seed of David, and from Bethlehem, the village of David? 7 And there was a dissension in the crowd because of him. 8 And some of them were wishing to seize him; but no one laid a hand on him.

    9 (John 7.45-52) And the officers came to the chief priests and Pharisees: and the priests said 10 to them, “Why did you not bring him?”
    The officers said, “No one ever spoke 11 as this man speaks.”
    The Pharisees said to them, “Perhaps you have also gone 12, 13 astray? Has any of the rulers or the Pharisees believed in him? excepting 14 this crowd, ignorant of the law; who are accursed.”
    (v.50) Nicodemus, one of them, 15 the one that had come to Jesus by night, said to them, “Does our law condemn 16 a man, unless it hears him first and knows what he has done?”
    They answered him, “Maybe you are from Galilee, too? Search, and see that no prophet comes from Galilee.”

    17, 18 (Matt. 22.41-43) When the Pharisees assembled, Jesus asked them, and said, “What do you say about 19 the Messiah? whose son is he?”
    They said to him, “The son of David.”
    He said to them, “Then how does David in the Holy Spirit call him Lord? for he said,

    20 (Matt. 22.44) The Lord said to my Lord,
    Sit on my right hand,
    That I may put your enemies under your feet.
    21, 22 (Matt. 22.45-46) If then David calls him Lord, how can he be his son?” And no one was able to answer him; and no one dared to ask him of anything from that day on.
    23 (John 8.12-30) Jesus addressed them again, and said, “I am the light of the world; and anyone that 24 follows me will not walk in darkness, but will find the light of life.”
    The Pharisees {A 134} said to him, You bear witness to yourself; so your witness is not reliable.”
    Jesus 25 answered them, “Even if I bear witness to myself, my witness is reliable; since I know where I came from, and where I am going; but you know not where I came from, or 26, 27 where I am going. (v.15) So you judge according the natural; but I judge no one. But even if I do judge, my judgment is true; because I am do not judge alone, but I and my Father who 28, 29 sent me. In your law it is written, that the witness of two men is true. I am bear witness to myself, and my Father who sent me bears witness to 30 me.”
    They said to him, “Where is your Father?”
    Jesus answered and said to them, “You do not know me, nor my Father: for if you knew me, you would know my 31 Father.” (v.20) He said these sayings in the treasury, where he was teaching in the 32 temple: and no one seized him; because his hour had not yet come. Jesus said to them again, “I really am going, and you will seek me and not find me, and you will die 33 in your sins: and where I go, you cannot come.”
    The Jews said, “Perhaps he will kill 34 himself, that is why he says, ‘Where I go, you cannot come?'”
    He said to them, “You are from below; and I am from above: you are of this world; and I am not of this 35 world. I said to you, that you will die in your sins: if you do not believe that I am 36 he, you will die in your sins.”
    (v.25) The Jews said, “And you, who are you?”
    Jesus said 37 to them, “If I were to begin to speaking to you, I would have many words concerning you and judgment: but he that sent me is true; and what I heard from him is what 38, 39 I say in the world.” But they did not understand that he meant the Father. Jesus {A 135} said to them again, “When you have lifted up the Son of man, then you will know that I am he: and I do nothing of myself, but I speak as my Father 40 taught me. And he that sent me is with me; and my Father has not 41 left me alone; because I do what is pleasing to him at all times.” (v.30) While he was saying that, many believed in him.

    42 (John 8.31-35) And Jesus said to those Jews that believed in him, “If you abide in my words, truly 43 you are my disciples; and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free.”
    44 They said to him, “We are the seed of Abraham, and have never served any man 45 as slaves: how then say you, ‘You will be free children?'”
    Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, Everyone that does a sin is a slave of 46 sin. (v.35) And the slave does not remain forever in the house; but the son remains 47, 48 forever. (John 8.37-50) And if the Son has set you free, truly you will be free children. I know that you are the seed of Abraham; but you are wanting to kill me, because you are unable to receive for my 49 word. What I saw with my Father, I tell: and what you saw with your father, 50 you do.”
    They answered to him, “Our father is Abraham.”
    Jesus said to them, “If you were the children of Abraham, you would do the deeds of Abraham. 51 (v.40) Now, look, you are wanting to kill me, a man that tells you the truth that I 52 heard from God: this Abraham did not do. And you do the deeds of your father.”
    They said to him, “We were not born of fornication; [620] we have one Father, who is 53 God.”
    Jesus said, “If God were your Father, you would love me: I proceeded and came [621] from God; and it was not of my own self that I came, [621] but he sent 54 {A 136} me. Why then do you not know my word? Because you cannot hear my word. 55 You are from the father, the devil, [622] and the lust of your father do you desire to do, who from the beginning is a slayer of men, and does not stand in the truth, because the truth is not in him. And when he speaks untruth, he speaks from 56 himself: for he is a liar, and the father of untruth. (v.45) And you do not believe me, the 57 one who speaks the truth. Who of you rebukes me for a sin? Yet if I speak the truth, you 58 do not believe me. [623] Whoever is of God hears the words of God: which is why 59 you do not hear, because you are not of God.”
    The Jews answered him, 60 “Were we right when we said that you are a Samaritan, and have demons?”
    Jesus said to them, “As for me, I do not have a devil; but I do honor my Father, and you dishonor 61 me. (v.50) I do not seek my own glory: there is one who seeks it, and judges.

    Section 36

    1 (John 8.51-60) “Truly, truly, I say to you, Whoever keeps my word will not see death 2 forever.”
    The Jews said to him, “Now we know that you have demons. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and you say, Whoever keeps my word will not 3 taste death forever. Do you think you are you greater than our father Abraham, who is 4 dead, and than the prophets, who are dead? whom do you make yourself?”
    Jesus said to them, “If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing: my Father is the one that 5 glorifies me; of whom you say, that he is our [624] God; (v.55) and yet you have not known him: but I know him; and if I were to say that I do not know him, I would become 6 {A 137} a liar like you: but I know him, and keep his word. Abraham your father 7 longed to see my day; and he saw, and rejoiced.”
    The Jews said to him, 8 “You are now not fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham?”
    Jesus said to 9 them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, Before Abraham was, I am.” And they take [625] stones to stone him: (v.60) [626] but Jesus concealed himself, and went out of the temple. And he passed through them, and went his way.

    10 (John 9.1-34) As he passed, he saw a man who had been blind from his mother’s womb. His 11 disciples asked him, “Our Master, who sinned, this man, or his parents, so 12 that he was born blind?”
    [627] Jesus said to them, “Neither he, nor his parents sinned: 13 but that the works of God may be seen in him. [628] It is incumbent on me to do the deeds of him that sent me, while it is day: a night will come, and no one will be 14 able to busy himself. (v.5) As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.” 15 When he said that, he spat on the ground, made clay of his spittle, 16 smeared it on the eyes of the blind man, and said to him, “Go and wash yourself in 17 the pool [629] of Siloam.” [630] So he went and washed, and came out seeing.
    Then his neighbors, which had seen him for years begging, said, “Is not this the one that was sitting begging?” 18 And some said, “It is he”; and others said, “No! but he resembles him a great deal.”
    He 19, 20 said, “I am he.”
    (v.10) They said to him, “Then how were your eyes opened?”
    He answered them, “A man named Jesus made clay, and smeared it on my eyes, and said to me, ‘Go and wash in the water of Siloam’: so I went and 21 washed, and received sight.” [631]
    They said to him, “Where is he?”
    He said, “I do not know.” 22, 23 {A 138} Then they brought the one that was previously blind to the Pharisees. Now the day in which Jesus made clay and opened with it his eyes was a Sabbath 24 day.
    (v.15) So the Pharisees asked him again, “How did you receive sight?”
    And he said 25 to them, “He put clay on mine eyes, and I washed, and received sight.”
    The people [632] of the Pharisees said, “This man is not from God, for he does not keep the Sabbath.” And others said, “How can a man that is a sinner do these signs?” So there came 26 to be a division amongst them. Again they said to that blind man, “You, then, what do you say about the one that opened your eyes for you?”
    He said to them, 27 “I say that he is a prophet.”
    So the Jews did not believe him, that he had been blind, and received sight, until they summoned the parents of the one who received 28 sight, and asked them, “Is this [633] your son, about whom you said that he was born blind? 29 how then, behold, does he now see?”
    (v.20) His parents answered, “We know 30 that this is our son, and that he was born blind: but how he has come to see now, or who it is that opened his eyes, we do not know: but he is an adult; 31 ask him, and he will speak for himself.” His parents said this, because they were afraid of the Jews: since the Jews had decided, that if any man confessed of him that 32 he was the Messiah, they would put him out of the synagogue. For this reason 33 said his parents, “He is an adult; ask him.”
    So they called the man a second time, the one that was blind, and said to him, “Praise God: we know that this 34 man is a sinner.”
    (v.25) He answered them, “I do not know whether he is a sinner: 35 I know one thing, that I was blind, and now I see.”
    They said to him again, 36 {A 139} “What did he to you? how did he open your eyes for you?”
    He said to them, “I told you, and you did not hear: what [634] more do you want to hear? 37 do you also wish to become his disciples?”
    And they reviled him, and said, “You are that man’s disciple, [635] . but as for us, we are the disciples of 38 Moses. And we know that God spoke to Moses: but this man, we do not know 39 where he is from.”
    (v.30) The man answered them, “This is a wonder: 40 you do not know where he is from, but he has opened my eyes. We know that God does not listen to the voice of sinners: but whoever fears him, and does 41 his will, him he hears.” From eternity has it not been heard of, that a man 42 opened the eyes of a blind person, who had been born in blindness. If then this man 43 were not from God, he could not do that.”
    They answered and said to him, “You were entirely born in sin, and do you teach us?” And they put him forth outside.

    44 (John 9.35-38) Jesus heard of his being put outside, and finding him, said, 45 “Do you believe in the Son of God?”
    He that was made whole answered, 46 “Who is he, my Lord, that I may believe in him?” Jesus said to him, 47 “You have seen him, and he is the one speaking to you.”
    And he said, “I believe, my Lord.” And he fell down worshipping him.

    Section 37

    1 (John 9.39-41) Jesus said, “I have come to judge the world, so that those that do not see may 2 see, and those that see may become blind.”
    (v.40) Some of the Pharisees who were 3 with him heard that, and said, “Can it be that we are blind?
    Jesus said to them, “If you were blind, you would not have sin: but now you say, ‘We see’: and because of this your sin remains. [636]

    4 {A 140} (John 10.1-6) “Truly, truly, I say to you, Whoever does not enter into the fold of the sheep by the door, but goes up from another place, is a thief and a 5, 6 stealer. But the shepherd of the sheep enters by the door. And because of this, [637] the keeper of the door opens the door for him; and the sheep hear his voice: and 7 he calls his sheep [638] by their names, and they go to him. When he puts his sheep out, he goes before them, and his sheep [639] follow him: because 8 they know his voice. (v.5) The sheep will not go after a stranger, but flee from 9 him: because they do not listen to the voice of a stranger.” Jesus told this parable to them: but they did not know what he was saying to them.

    10 (John 10.7-18) Jesus said to them again, “Truly, truly, I say to you, I am the door of the 11 sheep. All that came are thieves and stealers: but the sheep did not hear them. 12 I am the door: and if someone enters by me, he will live, will go in and go out, 13 and will find pasture. (v.10) The stealer comes only so that he can steal, kill, and destroy: but I came so that they might have life, and that they might have 14 the thing that is better. [640] I am the good shepherd; and the good shepherd gives 15 himself [641] for his sheep. But the employee, who is not a shepherd, and who does not own the sheep, [642] when he sees the wolf as it comes, leaves the sheep, and runs away, 16 then the wolf comes, snatches away the sheep, and scatters [643] them: the 17 employee runs away because he is an employee, and has no concern for the sheep. I am the 18 good shepherd; (v.15) and I know what is mine, and what is mine knows me, as my Father knows me, and I know my Father; and I give myself [644] for the sheep. 19 I have other sheep also, that are not of this flock: I must invite them also, and they will hear my voice; and all the sheep will be one, and the shepherd one. 20 {A 141} Because of this my Father loves me, that I give my life, so I may 21 receive it back. No one takes it from me, but I leave it of my own choice. And I have the right to leave it, and also have the right to take it. And I received this commandment from my Father.”

    22 (John 10.19-21) And there was a disagreement among the Jews because of these sayings. 23 (v.20) Many of them said, “He has a devil, and is afflicted with madness; [645] why do you listen 24 to him?” But others said, “These sayings are not those of men possessed with demons. Do you think a demon can open the eyes of a blind man?”

    25, 26 (John 10.22-39) Then the feast of the dedication arrived at Jerusalem: and it was winter. 27 Jesus was walking in the temple in the porch of Solomon. So the Jews surrounded him, and said, “How long are you going to make us wait? 28 (v.25) If you are the Messiah, tell us plainly.”
    He answered them, “I told you, and you did not believe: the things that I do in my Father’s name bear witness 29, 30 to me. But you do not believe, because you are not my sheep, [646] as I told you. 31 My sheep [647] hear my voice, and I know them, and they come after me: and I give them eternal life; and they will not die forever, nor will any one snatch 32 them out of my hands. [648] Because the Father, who has given them to me, is greater 33 than all; and no one is able to take them from the hand of my [649] Father. (v.30) 34, 35 my Father and I are one.” So the Jews picked up stones to stone him. Jesus said to them, “I have showed you many good deeds from my Father; because of which [650] of them, 36 then, are you planning to stone me?
    The Jews said, “Not for the good deeds do we stone you, but because you blaspheme; and, even though you are a man, you make yourself 37 God.”
    Jesus said, “Is it not thus written in your law, I said, You are gods? 38 {A 142} (v.35) So if he called those gods-for [651] the word of God came to them (and it is 39 not possible that anything should be undone in [652] the scripture)- then, How can you say that he blasphemes whom the Father has sanctified and sent into the world, 40 because I said to you, ‘I am the Son of God?’ If then I do not do the works of my 41 Father, you should not believe me. [653] But if I do, even if you believe not me, believe the works: that you may know and believe that my Father is in me, and I in my Father.” 42 And they sought again to take him: but he went slipped out of their grasp.

    43 (John 10.40-42) Then he went beyond Jordan to the place where John had been baptizing; 44 and stayed there. Many people came to him; and said, “John did not 45 work even one sign: but all that John said about this man is truth.” And many believed in him.

    46 (John 11.1-16) There was a sick man, named Lazarus, from the village of Bethany, the brother 47 of Mary and Martha. Mary was the one that anointed the feet of Jesus with sweet ointment, and wiped them with her hair; and Lazarus, who was sick, was the 48 her brother. [654] So his sisters sent to Jesus, and told him, “Our 49 Lord, look, the one whom you love is sick.”
    But Jesus said, “This sickness is not to death, but for the glorifying of God, that the Son of God may be glorified 50, 51 because of it.”
    (v.5) Now Jesus loved Martha, and Mary, and Lazarus. But when he 52 heard that he was sick, he stayed where he was for two days. After that, 53 he said to his disciples, “Come, let us go into Judæa.”
    His disciples said to him, “Our {A 143} Master, now the Jews desire to stone you; and you are going there again?”
    54, 55 Jesus told them, “Does not the day have twelve hours? So if someone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the world’s light. (v.10) But if 56 someone walks in the night, he stumbles, because he has no inner lamp.” Jesus said this: then added, “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep; but 57 I am going to awaken him.”
    His disciples said, “Our Lord, if he has 58 fallen asleep, he will recover.”
    But Jesus was speaking of his death: while they 59 supposed that meant lying down to sleep. Then Jesus said to them plainly, 60 “Lazarus is dead. (v.15) And I am glad that I was not there for your sakes, so you can 61 believe; but let us go there”
    Thomas, who is called Thama, [655] said to the disciples, his companions, “Let us also go, and die with him.”

    Section 38

    1, 2 (John 11.17-44) So Jesus came to Bethany, and found him already four days in the grave. Bethany was beside Jerusalem, and it was a sum of fifteen furlongs distance from it; [656] 3 Many of the Jews came to Mary and Martha, to comfort them 4 because of their brother. (v.20) And Martha, when she heard that Jesus had come, went 5 out to meet him: but Mary was sitting in the house. Martha then said to Jesus, 6 “My Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died. Still I know even now that, 7 whatever you will ask of God, he will give you.”
    Jesus said to her, “Your brother will 8 rise.”
    Martha said to him, “I know that he will rise in the resurrection at the last day.”
    9 (v.25) Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection, and the life: whoever believes in 10 {A 144} me, even though he die, he will live: and every living one that believes 11 in me will never die. Do you believe this?”
    She said to him, “Yes, my Lord: I believe that you are the Messiah, the Son of God, that is coming into the 12 world.” When she had said that, she went and called Mary her sister secretly, 13 and said to her, “Our Master has come, and summons you.” And Mary, when 14 she heard, rose in haste, and came to him. (v.30) (And Jesus then had not come into 15 the village, but was in the place where Martha met him.) And the Jews also that were with her in the house, to comfort her, when they saw that Mary rose up and went out in haste, went after her, because they supposed that she was going to the 16 tomb to weep.
    Mary, when she came to where Jesus was, and saw him, fell at his feet, and said to him, “If you had been here, my Lord, my brother would 17 not have died.”
    So Jesus came; and when he saw her weeping, and the Jews that were 18 with her weeping, he was troubled [657] in himself, and sighed; and he said, Where 19 have you laid him?”
    They said to him, “Our Lord, come and see.” (v.35) 20 Jesus began to shed tears. [658]
    So the Jews said, “See how great was his love for 21 him!” But some of them said, “Could not this man, who opened the eyes of that 22 blind man, have kept this man from dying?”
    When Jesus came to the place of burial, he was in inner turmoil. Now the place of burial was a cave, 23 and a stone was placed at its door. So Jesus said, “Take these stones away.”
    Martha, the deceased’s sister, said to him, “My Lord, he has started to 24 stink some time ago: he has been [659] dead four days.
    (v.40) Jesus said to her, “Did I not say 25 {A 145} to you, ‘If you believe, you will see the glory of God?'” And they removed the stones. Then Jesus lifted his eyes on high, and said, “My Father, 26 I thank you since you did hear me. I know that you hear me all the time: but I say this to you because of this crowd that is standing, so that they 27 may believe that you sent me.” And when he had said that, he cried with a 28 loud voice, “Lazarus, come out.” And the dead man came out, having his hands and feet bound with bandages, and his face wrapped in a scarf. Jesus said to them, “Untie him, and let him go.”

    29 (John 11.45-46) Many of the Jews who came to Mary, when they saw the work of Jesus, 30 believed in him. But some of them went to the Pharisees, and informed them of all that Jesus had done.

    31 (John 11.47-57) So the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered, and said, “What will we do? 32 for look, this man performs many signs. If we leave him alone, everyone will believe 33 in him: and the Romans will come and take our country and people.”
    Then one of them, who was called Caiaphas, the who was chief priest that year, said to them, 34 (v.50) “You do not know anything, or consider that it is more advantageous for us that one 35 man should die instead of the people, so that the whole people not die.” Now this he said not of himself: but because he was the chief priest of [660] that year, he 36 prophesied that Jesus was to die instead of the people; and not instead of the people alone, but that he might gather the scattered children of God together. 37 And from that day they considered how to kill him.

    38 {A 146} So Jesus did not walk openly amongst the Jews, but departed from there to a place near the wilderness, to a town [661] called Ephraim; and he was there, going 39 around with his disciples. (v.55) Now the Jewish Passover was near: and many went 40 up from the villages to Jerusalem before the feast, to purify themselves. They looked for Jesus, and said one to another in the temple, “What do you think of his 41 staying away from the feast?” But the chief priests and the Pharisees had sent out an order, that, if anyone knew where he was, he should reveal it to them, so that they could capture him.

    42 (Luke 9.51) When the time of his being taken up was nearly accomplished, he prepared himself so that 43 he could go [662] to Jerusalem. So he sent messengers ahead of him, and departed, [663] and 44 entered into a village [664] of Samaria, so that they might prepare for him. But they 45 did not receive him, because he [665] was prepared for going to Jerusalem. When James and John his disciples saw it, they said to him, “Our Lord, do you want us to speak, and fire come down from heaven, to extirpate them, as Elijah also did?”
    46 (v.55) But Jesus turned, and rebuked them, “You know not of what spirit you are. 47 Truly the Son of man did not come to destroy lives, but to give life.” And they went to another village.

    Section 39

    1 (John 12.1-2) Six days before the Passover [666] Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, 2 whom Jesus raised from among the dead. And they made [667] a feast for him there: 3 and Martha was serving; while Lazarus was one of those that sat with him. (Mark 14.3a) 4 While Jesus was at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, (John 12.9-11)large crowds of the Jews heard that Jesus was there: and they came, not because of Jesus alone, but {A 147} in hopes of also seeing Lazarus, whom he raised from among the dead. 5, 6 (v.10) So the chief priests were considering also how they could kill Lazarus; because 7 many of the Jews were going on his account, and believing in Jesus. (John 12.3a) Then Mary took a case of the ointment of fine nard, of great price, (Mark 14.3b)and opened it, and poured 8 it out on the head of Jesus as he was reclining; (John 12.3b-6) and she anointed his feet, and wiped them with her hair: and the house was filled with the fragrance of the ointment. 9, 10 But Judas Iscariot, one of the disciples, the one that was going to betray him, said, (v.5) “Why was 11 this ointment not sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor?” This he said, not because of his care for the poor, but because he was a thief, and the chest 12 was with him, and he used to bear what was put [668] into it.
    (Mark 14.4) The rest of the disciples, too, were privately displeased, and they said, “Why did this ointment go 13 to waste? (Matt. 26.9) It could have been sold for a lot of money, which could be given to the poor.” 14 (Mark 14.5b) So they were angry with [669] Mary.
    (Matt. 26.10a) But Jesus perceived it, and said to them, (Mark 14.6b) “Leave her alone; why do you abuse her? she has done a good thing for me: (John 12.7b-8a) she kept it for the 15 day of my burial. The poor are with you always, and when you 16 wish you can do them a kindness: (Mark 14.7b) but I am not always going to be with you. (Matt. 26.12) And for this reason, when she poured [670] this ointment on my body, it is as if she did it for my burial, 17 and anointed my body beforehand. (Mark 14.8b; Mark 14.9) And truly I say to you, In every place where this my gospel will be proclaimed in all the world, what she did will be told for a memorial of her.”

    18, 19 {A 148} (Luke 19.28) After Jesus said that, he went out leisurely to go to Jerusalem. (Luke 19.29a; Matt. 21.1b) When he arrived at Bethphage and at Bethany, beside the mount which is 20 called the mount of Olives, (Matt. 21.2a; Mark 11.2b) Jesus sent two of his disciples, and he said to them, “Go 21 into this village that is near you: (Matt. 21.2b; Luke 19.30b) and when you enter it, you will find an ass tied, and 22 a colt with him, [671] untie him, and bring them [672] to me. (Matt. 21.2c; Luke 19.31a) If anyone says to you, ‘Why are you untying them?’ say to him, ‘We 23 need them for our Lord’; and immediately send them here. (Matt. 21.3b; Matt. 21.4) All this was so that what was said in the prophet might be fulfilled, which said,

    24 (Matt. 21.5) Say you to the daughter of Zion,
    Behold, your King comes to you,
    Meek, and riding on an ass,
    And on a colt the foal of an ass.
    25 (John 12.16) The disciples did not know this at that time: but after Jesus was glorified, his disciples remembered that these things were written of him, and that this 26 they had done for him. (Matt. 21.6a; Luke 19.32b) And when the two disciples went, they found as he had 27 told them, and they did as Jesus instructed them.
    (Matt. 21.6b; Luke 19.33-34) So when they untied them, 28 their owners said to them, “Why are you untying them?”
    They said to them, “We need 29 them for our Lord.” (Mark 11.6b; Matt. 21.7-8) And they let them go. So they brought the ass and the colt, 30 and they placed on the colt their garments; and Jesus mounted it. Then most of the crowds spread their garments on the ground before him: and others cut branches 31 from the trees, and threw them in the road.
    (Luke 19.37)When he was nearing his [673] descent from {A 149} the mount of Olives, all the disciples began to rejoice and to praise God with 32 a loud voice for all the powers which they had seen; (Luke 19.38a; Matt. 21.9b-10) and they said, “Praise in the highest; Praise to the Son of David: Blessed is he that comes in the name 33 of the Lord; and blessed [674] is the kingdom that comes, that of [675] our father David: (Luke 19.38c) Peace in heaven, and praise in the highest.”
    34 (John 12.12b-13) Then a large crowd, those who had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus 35 was coming to Jerusalem, took young palm branches, [676] and went out to meet him, crying, “Praise: Blessed is he that comes in the name of the Lord, the 36 King of Israel.” (Luke 19.39-40) So some of the Pharisees from among the crowds 37 said to him, “Our Master, rebuke your disciples.”
    He said to them, “Truly I say to you, If these were silent, the stones would cry out.”

    38, 39 (Luke 19.41-44) When he came near, and saw the city, he wept over it, and said, “If only you had known the things that are [677] right for your peace, in this your day! But now that is 40 hidden from you. There will come to you days when your enemies 41 will encompass you, and squeeze you in from every quarter, and will take possession of [678] you, and your children within you; and they will not leave in you a stone on another; because you did not know the time of your visitation.”

    42 (Matt. 21.10-11) When he entered into Jerusalem, the whole city was disconcerted, and they said, 43 “Who is this?”
    And the crowds said, “This is Jesus, the prophet that is from Nazareth 44 of Galilee.” (John 12.17-18) The crowd that was with him bore witness that he called 45 Lazarus from the grave, and raised him from among the dead. Because of this cause large crowds went out to meet him, since they heard the sign which he performed.”

    Section 40

    1 {A 150} (Matt. 21.14-16) When Jesus entered the temple, they brought him the blind and 2 lame: and he healed them. (v.15) But when the chief priests and the Pharisees saw the wonders that he did, and the children that were crying out in the temple, 3 “Praise be to the Son of David”: it distressed them.
    So they said, “Do you not hear what these are saying?”
    Jesus said to them, “Yes: did you not read long ago,

    From 4 the mouths of children and infants
    you have chosen my praise?
    (John 12.19) And the Pharisees said one to another, “Just look! Is it not obvious that nothing is working for us? See, the whole world has followed him.”
    5 (John 12.20-36) There were some Gentiles among them also, who had come up to worship 6 at the feast: so these came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida of Galilee, 7 and asked him, “My lord, we wish to see Jesus.” So Philip 8 came and told Andrew: and Andrew and Philip told Jesus.
    Then Jesus answered them, “The hour is come near, in which the Son of man is to be glorified. 9 Truly, truly, I say to you, A grain of wheat, if it fall not and die in the 10 earth, remains alone; but if it dies, it bears much fruit. (v.25) The one that loves his life [679] destroys it; and the one that hates his life [679] in this world will keep it to eternal life. 11 If someone serves me, he will follow me; and where I am, there will my servant be 12 also: and whoever serves me, the Father will honor him. Right now heart is conflicted: {A 151} and what will I say? ‘My Father, deliver me from this hour.’ But 13 it is for this reason that I came to this hour. My Father, glorify your name.
    Then a 14 voice was heard from heaven, “I have glorified it, and will glorify it.” And the crowd that were standing heard, and said, This is thunder: and others said, An 15 angel is speaking to him.
    (v.30) Jesus answered them, “This voice was not for my sake, 16but for yours. Now is the judgment of this world; and the 17 prince of this world will now be cast out. And I, when I am lifted up from the 18 earth, will draw everyone to me.” This he said, that he might show by what 19 manner of death he would die.
    The crowds said to him, “We have heard from the law that the Messiah remains forever: how then do you say, that the Son of 20 man is to be lifted up? who is this, the Son of man?
    (v.35) Jesus said to them, “The light will be with you another little while. Walk so long as you have light, for fear that the darkness overtake you; because the one that walks in the darkness does not know where he is going. 21 So long as you have light, believe the light, so that you may be the children of the light.”

    22 (Luke 17.20-21) When some of the Pharisees asked Jesus, when the kingdom of God would come, he answered them, “The kingdom of God does not come 23 with expectation: nor will they say, Look, it is here! or, Look, it is there! because the kingdom of God is within you.”

    24 (Luke 21.37-38) In the daytime he was teaching in the temple; and at night he used to go 25 out, and pass the night in the mount called the mount of Olives. So all the people came [680] to him in the morning in the temple, to hear his word.

    26, 27 (Matt. 23.1-5a) Then Jesus spoke to the crowds, and his disciples, and said to them, “The scribes and Pharisees 28 {A 152} are seated on the seat of Moses: everything that they tell you to keep now, keep and do: but do not do according 29 to what they do; because they say, and do not. They bind heavy burdens, and lay them on the shoulders of the people; while they will not come near [681] them with one of their fingers 30, 31. (v.5a) But everything they do they do in order to make a show before others.” (Mark 12.37b) And the whole crowd enjoyed hearing that.

    32 (Mark 12.38-39) In the course of his teaching he said, “Guard yourselves from the 33 scribes, who desire to walk in robes, and love greetings in the marketplaces, and sitting in the highest places of the synagogues, and in the highest parts of 34 the rooms at feasts. (Matt. 23.5b) They broaden their amulets, and lengthen the cords of their cloaks, 35 (Matt. 23.7b) and love for people to call them, “My master”, (Mark 12.40) then devour widows’ houses. Because [682] of their dragging out their prayers; they will receive greater judgment. 36 (Matt. 23.8-12) But you, do not be called ‘masters’: [683] for you have one master; you are all siblings. 37 Do not call any one of yourselves [684] ‘father’ on earth: for you have one Father, who is 38 in heaven. (v.10) And do not be called ‘directors’: for you have one director, even the Messiah. 39, 40 One that is great among you will be as your servant. Whoever will exalt himself will be humbled; and whoever will humble himself will be exalted.

    41 (Luke 11.43) “Woe to you, Pharisees! and because you love the highest places in the synagogues, and greetings in the marketplaces.
    42 (Matt. 23.14) Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!
    because you devour widows’ houses,
    because [685] because of this you will receive greater judgment.
    43 (Matt. 23.13a) Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!
    because you have shut the kingdom of God off from people.
    44 {A 153} (Luke 11.52a) Woe to you that know the law! you concealed the keys of knowledge:
    (Matt. 23.13b) you do not enter, but those that are entering you restrain.
    45 (Matt. 23.15-28) Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!
    Because [686] you compass land and sea to draw [687] one convert;
    and when he is become one, you make him a son of hell twice as much [688] as yourselves.
    46 Woe to you, you blind guides!
    because you say, ‘Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing;
    but whoever swears by the gold that is in the temple, 47 will be condemned.’ [689]

    “You blind foolish ones: which is greater, the gold, or the 48 temple which sanctifies the gold? And,
    ‘Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the offering that is on it, will be condemned.’ [689]
    49 “You blind foolish ones: which is greater, the offering, or the altar which sanctifies 50 the offering? (v.20) Whoever then swears by the altar, has sworn by it, and by all 51 that is on it. And whoever swears by the temple, has sworn by it, and by 52 him that is dwelling in it. And whoever swears by heaven, has sworn by the throne of God, and by him that sits on it.
    53 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!
    because you tithe mint and rue and dill and cumin and all herbs,
    and you leave the important matters of the law, judgment, and mercy, and faith, and the love of God:
    this ought you to do, and 54 not to leave that undone.
    You blind guides, which strain out a gnat, and swallow [690] camels.
    55 (v.25) Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!
    because you cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter, while the inside of them is full of injustice and wrong.
    56 You blind Pharisees, cleanse first the inside of the cup and of the platter, then will the outside of them be cleansed.
    57 {A 154} Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!
    because you resemble whited sepulchers, which appear [691] from the outside beautiful, but within 58 full of the bones of the dead, and all uncleanness. cup So you also from outside appear to men like the righteous, but within you are full of wrong and hypocrisy.”
    59 (Luke 11.45-46) One of the scribes answered and said to him, “Teacher, in this saying of yours 60 you are casting a slur on us. [692]
    He said,
    “And to you also, you scribes, woe!
    for you load people with heavy burdens,
    and you with one of your fingers come not near [693] those burdens.” 61 (Matt. 23.29a; Luke 11.47b; Matt. 23.29b-33) Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!
    for you build the tombs of the prophets, which your fathers killed, and adorn the burying-places of the righteous, 62 and say,
    (v.30) If we had been in the days of our fathers, we should not have been partakers 63 with them in the blood of the prophets.
    “Consequently, see, you testify against 64 yourselves, that you are the children of those that killed the prophets. And you also, 65 you fill up the measure [694] of your fathers.
    “You serpents, you children of vipers,
    where will you flee from the judgment of Gehenna?

    Section 41

    1 (Matt. 23.34-36) “See, I, the wisdom of God, am sending to you prophets, apostles, wise men, and scribes. Some of them you will slay and crucify; and some of them you will beat in your synagogues, and persecute [695] from city to 2 city: (v.35) so that there may come on you all the blood of the righteous that has been poured on the ground [696] from the blood of Abel the pure to the blood of Zachariah the son of Barachiah, whom you killed between the temple [697] and the altar. 3 Truly I tell you, All these things will come on this generation. [698]

    4 {A 155} (Matt. 23.37-39) “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, killer of the prophets, and stoner of those that are sent to her! how many times did I wish to gather your children, as 5 a hen gathers her chickens under her wings, and you were not willing! Your house will 6 be left over you desolate. Truly I say to you, You will not see me from now on, till you will say ‘Happy is the one that comes in the name of the Lord.”

    7 (John 12.42-50) Many of the rulers also believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they 8 were not acknowledging him, for fear that they be ejected [699] from the synagogue: and they loved 9 the human honors more than being honored by God. Jesus cried out, 10 “Whoever believes in me, does not believe in me, but in the one that sent me. (v.45) And 11 whoever sees me has seen the one that sent me. I have come as a light [700] into the 12 world, and so everyone that believes in me will not remain in the darkness. And I do not judge anyone who hears my sayings, but does not keeps them him: because I did not come 13 to judge the world, but to give the world life. [701] Whoever wrongs [702] me, and does not receives my sayings, there is one that judges him: the word that I spoke 14 will judge him on the last day. I from myself did not speak: but the Father who sent me, he has given me instructions, [703] what I should say, and what I 15 should speak; and I know that his instruction [703] is eternal life. (v.50) The things that I say now, what my Father has said to me, even that I say.

    16 (Luke 11.53-54) When he said that to them, the scribes and Pharisees began their persecution, being angry with him, and finding fault with his sayings, and harassing [704] him 17 in various ways; seeking to catch something from his mouth, so that they could use it to slander him.

    18 (Luke 12.1-3) When extremely large crowds gathered around, who were almost trampling {A 156} on one another, Jesus began to say to his disciples, “Preserve yourselves 19 from the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. For there is nothing 20 concealed, that will not be revealed: nor hidden, that will not be known. Everything that you have said in the darkness will be heard in the light; and what you have spoken secretly in the ears in the inner chambers will be proclaimed on the roofs.”

    21, 22 (John 12.36b-38a) Having said the, Jesus went and hid himself from them. But in spite of 23 his having performed all these signs before them, they did not believe in him: so that the word of the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled, who said,

    (John 12.38b-40) My Lord, who is he that has believed to hear us?
    And to whom has the arm of the Lord appeared?
    24 And for this reason it is not possible for them to believe, because Isaiah also said,
    25 (v.40) They have blinded their eyes, and clouded their minds; [705]
    So that they may not see with their eyes, or understand with their minds,
    And turn,
    So that I should heal them.
    26 (John 12.41) This is what Isaiah said when he saw his glory, and spoke of him.
    27 (Matt. 24.1) When Jesus went out of the temple, some of his disciples came forward 28 to show [706] him the buildings of the temple, (Mark 13.1b; Luke 21.5b) and its beauty and greatness, and the strength of the stones that were laid in it, and the elegance of its building, and that 29 it was adorned with noble stones and beautiful colors. (Matt. 24.2) Jesus answered, 30 “Do you see these large buildings? truly I tell you, Days will come, when there will not be a stone left here on another, that will not be thrown down.”

    31 (Mark 14.1-2) Then two days before [707] the Passover of unleavened bread, the chief priests and 32 the scribes were looking for a way that they could take him on a pretense, [708] and kill him: and they said, “It will not be at the feast, so the people do not get agitated.”

    33 (Mark 13.3) When Jesus was sitting on the mount of Olives opposite the temple, his disciples, Simon Cephas, James, John and Andrew, came up to him, and said 34 between themselves and him, (Luke 21.7b; Matt. 24.3b) “Teacher, tell us when that will be, and what is the sign 35 {A 157} of your coming and the end of the world.”
    (Matt. 24.4a; Luke 17.22b; Matt. 24.4b) Jesus answered them, “Days are coming, when you will long to see one of the days of the Son of 36, 37 (Matt. 24.5a) man, and will not see them. (Luke 21.8b) Watch out so that no one leads you astray. Many will 38 come in my name, and say, I am the Messiah; (Mark 13.6b; Luke 21.8c) and they will say, The time is come 39 near, and will lead many astray: do not go after them. (Mark 13.7a; Matt. 24.7b; Luke 21.9b) When you hear of wars and tidings of insurrections, make sure you are [709] not agitated: for these things must 40 happen first; only the end has not yet come. (Matt. 24.7a) Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom 41 against kingdom: (Luke 21.11) and great earthquakes will be in one place and another, and there will be famines, deaths, and agitations: there will be fear, terror, and great signs that [710] will appear from heaven, and there will be terrible 42, 43 storms (Matt. 24.8) All these things are the beginning of struggle. (Luke 21.12-13) But before all of that, they will arrest you, and persecute you, and hand you over to the synagogues 44 and into prisons, and bring you before kings and judges for my name’s sake. 45 That will be to you for a testimony. (Mark 13.10) But first my gospel must be preached to all 46 nations. (Luke 12.11) When they haul you into the synagogues before the rulers and the authorities, do not be anxious beforehand how you will answer for yourselves, or what you 47, 48 will say: (Mark 13.11b) because it is not you speaking, but the Holy Spirit. (Luke 21.14-15) Set you mind not 49 {A 158} to be anxious in advance what you will say: and I will [711] give you understanding and wisdom, [712] which none of your adversaries will be able to contradict. 50 (Matt. 24.9) Then they will deliver you to confinement, and will kill you: and you will be 51 hated by all nations because of my name. (Matt. 24.30) Then many will go astray, [713] and they 52 will hate one another, and betray one another to death. (Luke 21.16) Your parents, your siblings, your relatives, and your friends will betray you, and will 53, 54 kill some of you. (Luke 21.18-19) But not a lock of hair from your heads will die. By 55 your patience you will gain [714] your souls. (Matt. 24.11-14) Many men, [715] false prophets, will arise, 56 and lead many astray. Because of the increase of wickedness, the love of many 57 will wax cold. But the one that endures to the end will be saved. 58 This, the [716] gospel of the kingdom, will be preached in all the world for a testimony to all nations; and then will come the end of all.

    Section 42
    1 (Luke 21.20-22) “But when you see the army surrounding Jerusalem, then know that 2 its destruction has come near. At that time those that are in Judæa will flee to the mountain; and those that are within her will flee; and those that are in the 3 villages will not enter her. For these days are the days of retribution, so that all that 4 is written may be fulfilled. (Matt. 24.15-16) When you see the unclean sign of desolation, [717] spoken of in Daniel the prophet, standing in the pure place, the one that reads should understand, 5, 6 then anyone that is in Judæa will flee in to the mountain: (Mark 13.15-16) and let him that is on the 7 roof not go down, nor enter in to take anything from his house: and let him that is in 8 {A 159} the field not turn behind him to take his garment. (Luke 21.23-24) Too bad for those that are pregnant and to those that are nursing in those days! there will be great 9 distress in the land, and fury against this nation. They will fall on the edge of the sword, [718] and will be taken captive to every land: and Jerusalem will be trodden down by the nations, until the times of the nations are ended.

    10 (Mark 13.21) “Then if anyone says to you, ‘The Messiah is here; or, Look, he is there’; do not believe 11 him: (Matt. 24.24) there will rise at that time false Messiahs and lying prophets, who will do signs and wonders, in order that they may lead astray even the elect also, if they 12 can. (Mark 13.23) But as for you, beware: for I have acquainted you with everything 13 beforehand. (Matt. 24.26-27) So if they say to you, ‘Look, he is in the desert’; do not go out, for fear that you 14 be taken: and if they say to you, ‘Look, he is in the chamber’; do not believe. But as the lightning appears from the east, and is seen to the west; so will be the 15 coming of the Son of man. (Luke 17.25) However, first he must suffer much and be rejected by this 16 generation. [719] (Matt. 24.20-21) So pray that you will not be trying to escaping in winter, or on a Sabbath: 17 at that time there will be great tribulation, [720] Like nothing that has been from the 18 beginning of the world till now, nor will be. (Mark 13.20) And unless the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh would have lived: but because of the chosen, whom he chose, 19 he shortened those days. (Luke 21.25-26a) And there will be signs in the sun, the moon, the stars; and on the earth distress [720] among the nations, and rubbing of hands because of the confusion [721] 20 {A 160} of the noise of the sea, and an earthquake: the souls of men will 21 go forth from fear of that which is to come on the earth. (Mark 13.24a; Matt. 24.29-31) Then immediately after the distress of those days, the sun will become dark, and the moon will not show its light, and the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers 22 of heaven will be convulsed: (v.30) then the sign of the Son of man will appear in heaven: at that time all the clans of the earth will cry, and look to the Son 23 of man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and abundant glory. And he will send his angels with the great trumpet, and they will gather his chosen from the four 24 winds, from one end of heaven to the other. [722] (Luke 21.28)But when these things begin to be, be encouraged, and look up; because your salvation [723] has come near.

    25 (Matt. 24.32-35) Learn the example of the fig tree: when it lets down its branches, [724] and sprouts 26 its leaves, you know that the summer has come; so also, when you see these things begin to happen, know you that the kingdom of God has arrived at the 27 door. Truly I say to you, This generation will not pass away, until all these 28 things will be. (v.35) Heaven and earth will pass away, but my sayings will not pass away.

    29 (Luke 21.34-36) Take heed to yourselves, that your hearts do not get heavy with inappropriate desire, [725] drunkenness, or the care of the world at any time, so that day come 30 upon you suddenly: (v.35) for it is as a shock that shocks all the inhabitants on the 31 face of the whole earth. Watch at all times, and pray, that you may be worthy to escape {A 161} from all the things that are coming, and that you may stand before the Son of 32 man. (Mark 13.32-37) No one has learned when that day and that hour is coming, not even the angels 33 of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father. Observe, watch, and pray: because you do not know 34 when that time will be. It is like a man, who journeyed, and left his house, gave his authority to his servants, appointed everyone to their work, and 35 instructed the porter to be alert. (v.35) Be alert then: [726] since you do not know when the lord of the house is coming, in the evening, in the middle of the night, when the 36 cock crows, or in the morning; for fear that he comes unexpectedly, and finds you sleeping. 37 The thing that I say to you, I say to all of you, Be alert!

    38 (Matt. 24.37-39) Because as it was in the days of Noah, so the coming of the Son of man will be. 39 As they were before the flood: eating, drinking, taking and giving 40 wives, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, and they did not notice till the flood came, and took them all; so the coming of the Son of man 41 will be. (Luke 17.28-37) As it was in the days of Lot; they were eating and drinking, selling 42 and buying, planting and building, until the day when Lot went out from Sodom, and the Lord rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them 43, 44 all: (v.30) so will it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed.29352935 Or, appears. In that day, whoever is on the roof, with his clothes 29372937 cf. § 14, 24 note. in the house, should not go down to 45 get them: and anyone that is in the field should not turn behind him. Remember Lot’s 46 wife. Whoever will desire to save his life will destroy it: but whoever will 47 destroy his life will save it. Truly I say to you, In that night there will be two on 48 {A 162} one bed; one will be taken, and another left. (v.35) Two will be grinding 49 at one mill; one will be taken, and another left. Two will be in the 50 field; one will be taken, and another left.”
    They answered and said to him, “To what place, our Lord?”
    He said to them, “Where the body is, the vultures [727] will 51, 52 gather. (Matt. 24.42-44) Be attentive now: for you do not know at what hour your Lord comes. Know this: if the master of the house had known at what time [728] the thief would come, he would have been attentive, and would have prevented his house from being 53 broken into. So you should also be ready: for the Son of man comes at a time that you do not expect.”

    Section 43

    1 (Luke 12.41) Simon Cephas said to him, “Our Lord, have you told this parable, to us 2 or also to everyone?”
    (Luke 12.42a; Matt. 24.45-46) [729] Jesus said, “Who do you think is the servant that the master of the house [730] left in charge, [731] whom his lord set over his 3 household, to give them their food at the proper time? Happy is that servant, who is 4 found by his lord, when he comes, having done so. (Luke 12.44a; Matt. 24.47b) Truly I say to you, He will appoint him 5 over all his property. (Matt. 24.48; Luke 12.45b) But if that evil servant says in his heart, ‘My lord is postponing his 6 return; (Matt. 24.49b-51a) and begins to beat his lord’s servants and maidservants, and 7 begin to eat and to drink with the drunks; (v.50) that servant’s lord will come 8 on a day that he does not expect, and at an unanticipated time. He will {A 163} judge him, and lump him with the hypocrites (Luke 12.46b) and with those that are disloyal: (Matt. 24.51b) there will be weeping and grinding of teeth.

    9 (Matt. 25.1-13) “Then will the kingdom of heaven be like ten virgins that took their 10 lamps, and went out to meet the bridegroom and the bride. Five of them were 11 wise, and five foolish. Now the foolish ones took their lamps, but did not take oil with 12, 13 them: but the wise ones took oil in vessels along with their lamps. (v.5) So when 14 the bridegroom was running late, they were all napping and sleeping. But in the middle of the night there was a cry, ‘Look, the bridegroom is coming! Go out to 15, 16 meet him. Then all thee virgins got up, and trimmed their lamps. The foolish 17 said to the wise, Give us some of your oil; our lamps have gone out. But thee wise answered, “It may be that [732] there will not be enough for us and you: but go you to 18 the sellers, and buy some for yourselves. (v.10) When they went away to buy, the bridegroom came; and those that were ready went in with him to the marriage feast: and 19 the door was shut. Then at last those other virgins also came and said, ‘Our Lord, 20 our Lord, open to us.’ He answered them, ‘Truly I say to you, 21 I do not know you.’ Watch then, for you do not know that day or hour.

    22 (Matt. 25.14-30) “It is like a man, who went on a journey, and called his servants, entrusted 23 them with his possessions. (v.15) To one he gave five talents, [733] to another two, and to another 24 one; everyone according to his abilities; and went on his journey directly. The one {A 164} that received the five talents went and traded with them, and earned 26 other five. So also the one with two earned other two. But the one that received 27 but one went and dug in the earth, and hid his lord’s money. After a long time the servants’ lord returned, and got an account from them. 28 (v.20) The one that received five talents came up and brought the other five, and said, ‘My lord, you gave me five talents: look, I have gained another five in addition to them.’ 29 His lord said to him, ‘Well done, you good and faithful servant: you have been faithful 30 over a little, I will set you over a lot: enter into the joy of your lord.’ Then the one that had the two came up and said, ‘My lord, you gave me two talents: look, 31 I have gained in another two addition to them.’ His lord said to him, ‘Good, [734] you faithful servant: you have been faithful over a little, I will set you over a lot: enter 32 into the joy of your lord.’ Then also the one that received the one talent came forward and said, ‘My lord, I knew you that you are a severe man, who reaps where you do not 33 sow, and gather where you did not scatter: (v.25) so I was afraid, and 34 went away and hid your talent in the earth: look, you have what is yours.’ His lord answered and said to him, ‘You wicked and lazy servant, you knew me 35 that I reap where I sowed not, and gather where I did not scatter; it was incumbent on you to put my money to the bank, [735] and then I should come and get it with 36 interest. Now take from him the talent, and give it to him that has ten talents. 37 Whoever has will accept, and he will have more: but he that has not, even 38 {A 165} what he has will be taken from him. (v.30) But the unprofitable servant, put him out into the outer darkness: there will be the weeping and grinding of teeth.

    39, 40 (Luke 12.35-38) “Your loins will be girded, and your lamps lit; and you will be like the people that are looking for their lord, when he will return from the feast; so that, when 41 he comes and knocks, they may at once open to him. Happy are those servants, whom their lord will find attentive when he comes: truly I say to you, that he will gird his waist, and make them sit down, and pass through [736] them and serve 42 them. If he comes in the second watch, or the third, and find them so, happy are those servants.

    43 (Matt. 25.31-46) “But when the Son of man comes in his glory, and all his pure angels with him, 44 then he will sit on his glorious throne: he will gather before him all the nations, and separate them from one another, like the shepherd who separates 45 the sheep from the goats; and will set [737] the sheep on his right, and the goats on his 46 left. Then the King will say to those that are at his right, ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundations [738] of the world: 47 (v.35) I was hungry, and you fed me; I was thirsty, and you gave drink; I 48 was a stranger, and you took me in; I was naked, and you clothed me; I 49 was sick, and you visited me; and I was in prison, and you cared for me.’ Then those righteous will say to him, ‘Our Lord, when did we see you hungry, and fed you? 50 or thirsty, and gave you drink? When did we see you a stranger, and took 51 you in? or naked, and clothed you? When did we see you sick, or imprisoned, and 52 cared for you?’ (v.40) The King will answer [739] them, ‘Truly I say to you, What 53 {A 166} you did to one of these my siblings, the little ones, you did to me.’ Then will he say to those that are on his left, ‘Depart from me, you cursed, 54 into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his hosts: I was hungry, and you did not feed me; 55 I was thirsty, and you did not give me drink; I was a stranger, and you did not take me in; I was naked, and you did not clothe me; I was sick, and imprisoned, 56 and you did not visit me.’ Then those also will answer, ‘Our Lord, when did we see you hungry, or thirsty, or naked, or a stranger, or sick, or imprisoned, 57 and did not minister to you?’ (v.45) Then will he answer them, ‘Truly I say to you, When you did not do it to one of these little ones, you also did not do it 58 to me.’ And these will go away into eternal punishment: but the righteous into eternal life.”

    Section 44

    1, 2 (Matt. 26.1-5) When Jesus [740] finished saying all this, he said to his disciples, “You know that the Passover in coming in two days, and the Son of man will be handed over to be 3 crucified.”
    At that time the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people assembled 4, at the court of the chief priest, who was called Caiaphas; and they consulted one another concerning Jesus, how they could seize him by stealthily, and 5 kill him. (v.5) But they agreed, “Not during the feast, for fear that there be trouble among the people; (Luke 22.2b) because they were afraid of the people.

    6 (Luke 22.3) Then Satan entered into Judas (who was called Iscariot) who was counted among 7 among the twelve. (Luke 22.4a; Matt. 26.15a) Do he went off, and visited with the chief priests, the scribes, and those that had control in the temple, and said to them, “What 8 {A 167} would you pay me, for me to hand him over to you?”
    (Mark 14.11a; Matt. 26.15b) When they heard it, they were pleased, and put together [741] thirty pieces of money for him. [742] 9 (Luke 22.6) Then he promised [743] them, and from that time he looked for an opportunity [744] to hand Jesus over to them away from the crowd.

    10 (Mark 14.12) On the first day of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, and said to him, “Where do you want us to go to prepare the Passover meal for you?”

    11 (John 13.1-11) Before the feast of the Passover, Jesus knew that the hour had arrived for his departure from this world to his Father; and he loved his own in this world, 12 he loved them even to the last. At the time of the feast, Satan put into the 13 heart of Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, to hand him over. And Jesus, because he knew that the Father had put everything into his hands, and that he came 14 out from the Father, and was going to God, rose from supper, laid aside his 15 garments; (v.5) took a towel to wrap up his waist, and poured water into a basin. Then he began to wash the feet of his disciples, and to wipe them with the towel with which 16 his waist was wrapped. When he came to Simon Cephas, Simon said to 17 him, “Do you, my Lord, wash my feet for me?”
    Jesus answered 18 him, “You do not understand what I am doing right now; but you realize later.”
    Simon said to him, “You will never wash my feet for me.”
    Jesus said to him, “If I 19 do not wash you, you have no part with me.”
    Simon Cephas said to him, “Then, my 20 Lord, do not wash my feet alone, but my hands and my head too.”
    (v.10) Jesus said to him, “The one that bathes [745] only needs to wash his feet, so that his whole 21 body will be clean: and you are clean as well, although not all of you.” For Jesus knew who would betray him; so said he, “You are not all clean.”

    22 {A 168} (John 13.12-20) When he had washed their feet, he took his garments, sat down, and 23 said to them, “Do you know what I have done to you? You call me, Master, 24 and, Lord: and you say well; so I am. So if I, who am your Lord and Master, have washed your feet for you now, consider how important it is that you should wash one another’s feet! 25 (v.15) I have given you this as an example, that as I have done to you so you should also do. 26 Truly, truly, I say to you, No servant is greater than his lord; nor an 27 apostle greater than the one that sent him. If you know that, you will be happy if you do it. 28 My saying this [746] is not for all of you: for I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture might be fulfilled, He that eats with me bread lifted against me his 29 heel. From now on I will tell you before it happens, so that, when it happens, 30 you may believe that I am the one. (v.20) Truly, truly, I say to you, Whoever receives the one I send receives me; and whoever receives me receives the one who sent me.

    31 (Luke 22.27-30a) “Who is the greater, the one that sits, or the one that serves? is it not the one that sits? 32 I am among you as the one that serves. But you have continued with me 33 in my temptations; I promise [747] you, as my Father promised [747] me the kingdom, (v.30a) that you may eat and drink at the table of my kingdom.”

    34 (Luke 22.7-10a) The first day [748] feast of unleavened bread arrived, on which the Jews were 35 accostomed [749] to sacrificing [750] the Passover. Jesus sent two of his disciples, Cephas and John, and told them, “Go and prepare the Passover meal for us.”
    36, 37 And they said to him, Where do you want us to prepare it for you?”
    (v.10a) He answered, “Enter the city; (Mark 14.13b; Luke 22.10b-11a) and when you get there, you will meet a man carrying a pitcher of water; follow him, and at the place he enters, say 38 to whoever is the master of the house, (Matt. 26.18b) “Our Master says, ‘My time has come, and {A 169} I plan to keep the Passover at your house. (Luke 22.11b-12) Where is the lodging-place where 39 I will eat with my disciples?’ Then he will show you a large upper room 40 spread and made ready: (Mark 14.15-16) prepare it for us there.” His two disciples went out, arrived at the city, and found things as he had told them: and they prepared the Passover as he had told them.

    41 (Luke 22.14-16) When the evening came, and the time arrived, Jesus came and reclined, 42 along with the twelve apostles. (v.15) He said to them, “I have strongly 43 desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer: I tell you, that from now on I will not eat it, until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”

    44 (John 13.21a) Having said that, Jesus was distressed [751] in his spirit, and affirmed, “Truly, 45 truly, I say to you, One of you that eats with me, will betray me.”
    (Mark 14.18b; Mark 14.19-20) So they were very disturbed; and they began to ask him, one after another, 46 “Could it be me, Lord?”
    (v.20) He answered them, “One of the twelve, 47 the one that dips his hand in the dish with me, will betray me. (Luke 22.21) And look, the hand of 48 the one that betrays me is on the table. (Mark 14.21) The Son of man goes, as it is written of him: woe then to that man by whose hand the Son of man is betrayed! for it 49 would have been better for that man if he had not been born.” (John 13.22) The disciples 50 looked at one another, because they did not know to whom he was referring; (Luke 22.23) and they began to look around among themselves, to see who it was who was going to do this.”

    Section 45

    1, 2 {A 170} (John 13.23-29) One of his disciples was sitting [800] against his chest, the one whom Jesus loved. Simon Cephas motioned to him, that he should ask him of 3 whom he was speaking. (v.25) So that disciple leaned [801] on Jesus’ chest, and said to him, 4 “My Lord, who is this?”
    Jesus answered, “He to whom I will dip bread, and give it.” And Jesus dipped bread, and gave to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. 5 After the bread, Satan entered him. Then Jesus said to him, “What you 6 are intending to do, get on with it.” And no one sitting there knew why he 7 said this to him. Some of them thought, since Judas had the box, that he was asking him buy what would be needed for the feast; or, that he might donate 8 something to the poor.
    (Matt. 26.25) Judas the betrayer answered, “Can it be me, my 9 Master?”
    Jesus said to him, “You said it.”
    (John 13.30) So Judas took the bread right away, and went on outside. It was still night.

    10 (John 13.31-32) Jesus said, “Now the Son of man is being glorified, [802] and God is being glorified [803] 11 in him. If God is glorified in him, God also will glorify him in himself, and will glorify him right away.”

    12 (Mark 14.22a) While they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed, divided; (Matt. 26.26b) and 13 gave it to his disciples, and said, “Take and eat; this is my body.” (Mark 14.23a) And he {A 171} took a cup, and gave thanks, blessed, gave it to them, (Matt. 26.27b) and said, “Take 14, 15 and drink from it, all of you.” (Mark 14.23b-24a) So all of them drank from it,. He said to them, (Matt. 26.28-29) “This is my blood, the new covenant, that is shed for many for the 16 forgiveness of sins. I say to you, I will not drink of this, the juice of the vine, from now on until the day in which I drink [803] new wine with you in the kingdom of 17 God. (Luke 22.19b) Do this in remembrance of me.” (Luke 22.31-32) Then Jesus said to Simon, “Simon, 18 consider, Satan asks that he may sift you like wheat: but I am requesting [804] for you, that you lose not your faith: [805] so you should, at some time, turn [806] and strengthen your brethren.

    19 (John 13.33-36) “My children, another little while am I with you. Then you will seek me: and as 20 I said to the Jews, ‘Where I go, you cannot come’; I say to you now also. A new commandment I give you, that you should love one another; as I have loved 21 you, so will you also love one another. (v.35) By this everyone will know that you are 22 my disciples, if you have love one for another.”
    Simon Cephas said to him, “Our Lord, where are you going?”
    Jesus answered him, “Where I am going, you cannot now follow me; but later you will come.”

    23 (Matt. 26.31-33) Then Jesus said to them, “You all will desert [807] me tonight. [808] It is written, I 24 will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered. But after my 25 rising, I will preceed you into Galilee.”
    Simon Cephas answered 26 him, “My Lord, if every man desert you, I will never desert you. (Luke 22.33b) I am ready for imprisonment and for death with you. (John 13.37b-38a) And I give up my life will for you.”
    27 {A 172} Jesus said to him, “Will you give up your life for me? (Mark 14.30b) Truly, truly, I say to you, You will today, during this night, deny me three times before the cock crows 28 twice, that you do not know me.”
    (Luke 22.34b; Mark 14.31) But Cephas was adamant, [809] “Even if it leads to [810] death with you, I will not deny you, my Lord.” Then all the disciples said similar things as well.

    29 (John 14.1-20) Then Jesus told them, “Do not let yourselves troubled: [811] believe in God, 30 and believe in me. The stations [812] in my Father’s house are many, otherwise I would 31 have told [813] you. I [814] am going to prepare a place for you. And if I go to prepare for you a place, I will return again, and take you to me: and so where I am, there you 32, 33 will also be. You know [815] the place that I am going to, and you know 31413141 Different words. the way.
    (v.5) “Thomas said to him, “Our Lord, we do not know where you are going; how could we 34 know that?” [816]
    Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, 35 and the life: no one comes to my Father, except through me. If you had known me, you should have known my Father: and from now on you know [817] him, 36 and have seen him.”
    Philip [818] said to him, “Our Lord, show us the Father, and that will be enough for 37 us.”
    Jesus said to him, “Have I been all this time with you, and do you not know [819] me, Philip? [820] whoever has seen me has seen the Father; how can you say 38, ‘Show us the Father’? (v.10) Do you not believe that I am in my Father, and my Father in me? The things I say, I do not say from myself: but my Father who lives in 39 me does these works. Believe that I am in my Father, and my Father in me: 40 {A 173} or else believe for the sake of the works. Truly, truly, I tell you, Whoever believes in me, he will also do the deeds that I do; and 41 he will do more than that: I go to the Father. What you will ask in my 42 name, I will do for you, so that the Father may be glorified in his Son. If you 43, 44 ask me [821] in my name, I will do it. (v.15) If you love me, obey my instructions. Then I will ask my Father, and he will send you another Paraclete, that he 45 may be with you forever, who is the Spirit of truth: whom the world cannot receive; for it has not seen him, or known him: but you know him; because he has dwelt [822] 46 with you, and is in you. I will not leave you orphans: I will come to you. 47 Another little while, and the world will not see me; but you see me that I live, and you 48 will live also. (v.20) And at that time you will know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you.

    Section 46

    1 (John 14.21-24) “Whoever has my instructions, and obeys them, is the one that loves me: and the one that loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him, and will 2 show myself to him.”
    Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, “My Lord, why 3 do you intend to show yourself to us, but not to the world?”
    Jesus answered him, “Whoever loves me will keep my word: and my Father will love him, and we will come to him, and make our [823] dwelling with him. 4 But he that does not love me does not keep my word: and this word that you hear is not my word, but the Father’s who sent me.

    5, 6 (John 14.25-31a) “I have spoken this to you, while I was still with you. But the Paraclete, the Holy Spirit, whom my Father will send in my name, he will teach you everything, and 7 {A 174} he will bring to your memories all that I am saying to you. I leave you peace; I give you my peace: and I give to you not the way this world gives. 8 Do not let yourselves be disturbed, [824] or fearful. You heard that I said to you, that I am going away, and will come to you. If [825] you loved me, you would rejoice, since I go away to my 9 Father: because my Father is greater than I am. Now I tell you before it 10 happens, that, when it happens, you can believe me. (v.30) Now I will not speak with you much: the Archon of the world will come, there is nothing of him in 11 me: but that the world may know that I love my Father, and I do as my Father instructed me.”

    12 (Luke 22.35-38) He said to them, “When I sent you without purses, or wallets, and shoes, [826] 13 did you, by any chance, lack anything?”
    They told him, “Nothing.”
    He said to them, “From now on, whoever has a purse should take it, and likewise the wallet: and whoever does not have a sword, should sell his garment, and buy a 14 sword for himself. I tell you, that this scripture also must be fulfilled in me, that I should be counted [827] with the lawbreakers: because everything that is said about me is fulfilled in 15 me.”
    His disciples said to him, “Our Lord, look, here are two swords.”
    He said 16 to them, “They are enough. (John 14.31b; Luke 22.39) Get up, let us leave here.” And they got up, and praised, and he and his disciples went out, as was their habit, to the mount of Olives,.

    17 (John 15.1-27) He said to them, “I am the true vine, and my Father is the vine dresser. 18 Every branch that does not produce fruit in me, he takes it: and that which gives fruit, 19 he cleanses it, so that it may give more fruit. You are already clean because of the word 20 that I have spoken to you. Remain in me, and I in you. And as the branch of the {A 175} vine cannot produce fruit by itself, if it is not remaining in the vine; so you too, 21 if you do not remain in me. (v.5) I am the vine, and you are the branches: So the one that remains in me, and I in him, he gives much fruit: because without me you cannot 22 do anything. If someone does not remain in me, he is thrown out, like a withered 23 branch that is gathered, and thrown [828] into the fire, so it can be burned. If you remain in me, and my word remains in you, everything that you desire to ask will be 24 done for you. The Father is glorified in this, that you produce much fruit; 25 and you will be my disciples. As my Father loved me, I loved you too: 26 remain in my love. (v.10) If you obey my instructions, you will remain in my love; as I have 27 obeyed my Father’s instructions, and remained in his love. I have told this to you, 28 so that my joy [829] may be in you, and your joy 31993199 Two words from the same root. may be fulfilled. This is my instruction, 29 that you love one another, as I loved you. No love is greater than this, namely, 30 that a man should give his life for his friends. You are my friends, if you do all that 31 I instruct you. (v.15) I no longer call you servants; because the servant does not know what his lord does: I have now called you my friends; since everything that I heard from 32 my Father I have made known to you. You did not choose [830] me, but I chose I you, and appointed you, that you also should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should [831] 33 remain; and that all that you will ask my Father in my name, he can 32073207 Or, will and will, respectively. give you. This 34 I instruct [832] you, that you love one another. If the world hates you, know that 35 it hated me before you. If then you were of the world, the world would love its own: but you are not of the world: I chose you out of the world: so the world 36 {A 176} hates you. (v.20) Remember the word that I spoke to you, that no servant is greater than his lord. If they persecuted [833] me, they will also 37 persecute you; [834] and if they kept my word, they will also keep your word. But all these things they will do to you for my name’s sake, because they have not known [835] the one 38 that sent me. If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have had had sin: 39 but now they have no excuse for their sins. Whoever hates me, also hates my 40 Father. And if I had not done the deeds before them that no other man did, they would not have had sin: but now they have seen and hated me and my Father 41 as well: so that the word may be fulfilled that is written in their law, (v.25) They hated me for 42 nothing. But when the Paraclete has come, whom I will send to you from my Father, that is the Spirit of truth, who goes out from my Father, he will bear witness to 43 me: and you also bear witness, because from the beginning you have been with me.

    44, 45 (John 16.1-15) “I have told you this, so that you will not stumble. [836] They will put you out of their synagogues: and an [837] hour is coming when everyone that kills 46 you will think that he has made an offering to God. They will do that, 47 because they do not know me, or my Father. I have told you this, so that 48 when its time is come, you will remember that I told you. (v.5) [838] Until now I did not tell you this, because I was with you. But [839] now I go to the one that sent me; and no 49 one among you asks me where I am going. I have now told you, and grief has 50 come and swallowed your hearts But I tell you the truth; It is better [840] for you that I go away: because if I do not go away, the Paraclete will not come to you; 51 {A 177} but if I go away, I will send him to you. When he comes, he will prove the world wrong about sin, about righteousness, and about judgment: 52, 53 about sin, because they have not believed in me; (v.10) about righteousness, because I go 54 to my Father; and about judgment, because [841] the Archon of this world has been 55 judged. I have many things still to tell you, but you cannot linger [842] 56 now. Nevertheless [843] when the Spirit of truth is come, he will remind [844] you of all the truth: he will say nothing from himself; but everything that he hears, he will 57 say: and he will reveal to you the things that are to be. He will 58 glorify me; because he will take from me and show you. (v.15) All that my Father has is mine: this is why said I to you that he takes [845] of mine, and will show 32473247 Same tense. you.

    Section 47

    1 (John 16.16-20) “A little while, and you will not see me; and a little while again, and you will 2 see me; because I go to the Father.”
    So his disciples said one to another, “What is he talking about, ‘A little while, and you will not see me; and a little while again, and you will see me’: and, ‘I go to my 3 Father’?” And they added, “What is this ‘little while’ that he mentioned? We do not understand 4 what he is saying.”
    Jesus perceived that they were wanting to ask him, and said, “Do you discuss among yourselves concerning this, that I told you, ‘A little while, and you will not see me, and a little while again, and you will 5 see me?’ (v.20) Truly, truly, [846] I tell you, that you will weep and grieve, but the world will rejoice: and you will be sorrowful, but your grief will turn [847] to joy.

    6 (John 16.21-24) “For a woman, when the time is come for her to deliver, the arrival of the time of her delivery distresses her: but whenever she has delivered a son, she does not remember her distress, for joy at the birth of a boy into the 7 world. So you now also grieve: but I will see you, and your hearts will rejoice, 8 {A 178} and no one can take your joy from you. When that time comes you will not ask me anything. And truly, truly, [848] I say to you, All that you ask my Father in my name, he will give you. Until now you have not asked for anything 9 in my name: ask, and you will receive, so that your joy may be complete.

    10 (John 16.25-33) “I have spoken to you now in puzzles: [849] but there will come an hour when [850] I will not speak to you in puzzles, 32633263 Not the usual word for proverb or parable (cf. Syriac versions). but will reveal the Father to you plainly, 11 at that time when [851] you will ask in my name: and I do not say to you, that I will 12 ask the Father for you; because the Father loves you, since you have loved me, 13 and have believed that I came out from my Father. I came out from my Father, and came into the world: and I leave the world, and go to my Father.”
    14 His disciples said to him, “Look, you are speaking plainly, and you have not said one 15 thing in an puzzle. (v.30) Now, look, we know that you know everything, and do not need for anyone to ask you: by this we believe that you came out 16, 17 from God.”
    Jesus said to them, “Believe that an hour is coming, and look, it has come, when you will be scattered, every one of you to his place, and will leave me 18 alone: and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me. I have said this to you, so that you may have peace in me. In the world trouble will overtake you: but take courage; I have overcome the world.”

    19 (John 17.1-26) Having said this, Jesus lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, “My Father, the hour 20 is come; glorify your Son, so that your Son may glorify you: as you gave him authority 21 over all flesh, so that he might give eternal life all those [852] that you have given him. This is eternal life, that they would [853] know that you alone are true God, and” that Jesus the Messiah 22 {A 179} is [854] “the one you sent. [855] I glorified you in the earth, 23 and I have accomplished the work that you gave me to do. (v.5) Now you glorify me, O Father, beside you, with that glory which I had with you 24 before the world was. I made your name known to the people whom you gave me out of the world: they were yours, and you gave them to me; and they have kept 25, 26 your word. Now they [856] know that all that you have given me is from you: the sayings which you gave me I have given to them; and they received them, and truly understood that I came out from you, and believed that you sent me. 27 And I ask for their sake: my asking is not for the world, but for those whom 28 you have given me; since they are yours: (v.10) all that is mine is yours, and all that is 29 yours is mine: I am glorified in them. And now I am not in the world, and they are in the world, and I come to you. My [857] holy Father, keep them in your 30 name which you have given to me, so that they may be one, as we are. When I was with them in the world, I kept them in your name: I kept those whom you gave to me: and no one of them has been lost, except the condemned one; so that 31 the scripture might be fulfilled. Now I come to you: and I say this in the world, 32 so that my joy may be complete in them. I have given them your word; and the world 33 hated them, because they were not of the world, as I was not of the world. (v.15) I do not ask that you take them from the world, but that you keep them from the 34, 35 evil one. They were not of the world, as I was not of the world. O Father, make 36 them holy by your truth: because your word is truth. As you sent me into the world, I 37 {A 180} also send them into the world. And for their sake I make myself holy, so that they 38 also may be made holy by the truth. (v.20) Not only for these do I ask, but for 39 the sake of those that believe in me through their word; that they may be all one; as you are in me, and I in you, and so they will also be one in us: so that the world 40 can believe that you sent me. The glory which you have given to 41 me I have given to them; so that they may be one, as we are one; I in them, and you in me, that they may be perfected into [858] one; and that the world may know that 42 you sent me, and that I [859] loved them, as you loved me. Father, and those whom you have given me, I wish that, where I am, they may be with me also; that they may behold my glory, which you have given me: for you loved me before 43 the foundation [860] . of the world. (v.25) My righteous Father, [861] the world did not know you, 44 but I know you; and those knew that you sent me; and I made your name known to them, and will make it known to them; so that the love that you loved me with may be in them, and I will [862] be in them.”

    Section 48

    1 (John 18.1) After Jesus said this, he went out with his disciples to a place that was called Gethsemane, (Matt. 26.36) on [863] the side that is in the plain [864] of the mountain Kidron, [865] (Luke 22.39) the place 2 where there was a garden; and he went in with his disciples. (John 18.2) Judas the 3 betrayer was familiar with the place: since Jesus often met with his disciples there. (Luke 22.40a; Matt. 26.36b) When Jesus arrived at the place, he said to his disciples, “Sit here, so that I can go and pray; 4, 5 {A 181} and you should pray so that you are not tempted. (Luke 22.40b; Matt. 26.37-38) Then he took Cephas and the sons of Zebedee (James and John) together with him, and he began to 6 look troubled, and to be anxious. He said to them, “I am deeply 7 distressed: stay here, and watch with me.” (Luke 22.41a) Then he withdrew from them a little, 8 about a stone’s throw away; (Mark 14.35b-36a) and he kneelt, [866] and fell on his face, and prayed, 9 that, if it were possible, this hour might pass [867] He said, “Father, you are able to do anything; if you are willing, let this cup pass from me: (Luke 22.42b) but do not let my will be done, 10 but let your will be done.” (Matt. 26.40a; Mark 14.37b) Then he came to his disciples, and found them sleeping; 11 so he said to Cephas, “Simon, did you fall asleep? (Matt. 26.40b) So you could not 12 watch with me even for one hour? (Matt. 26.41a; Matt. 14.38b) Watch and pray, that you will not be tempted: the spirit is 13 willing and ready, but the body is weak.” [868] (Matt. 26.42) He went a second time, and prayed, “My Father, if it is not possible with regard to [869] this cup that it pass, 14 unless I drink it, your will be done.” (Mark 14.40) Then he returned again, and found his disciples sleeping, for their eyes were heavy from their grief and anxiety; and they did not know 15 what to say to him. (Matt. 26.44) So he left them, and went away again, and prayed a third 16 time, and said the very same thing. (Luke 22.43-45a) Then an angel appeared to him from 17 heaven, encouraging him. Being afraid, [870] he prayed continuously: [871] and his sweat [872] 18 {A 182} became like a stream of blood, and fell on the ground. Then he rose from 19 his prayer, and came to his disciples, and found them sleeping. (Luke 22.46; Matt. 26.45b) He 20 said to them, “Sleep now, and rest: (Mark 14.41b) the end has arrived, [873] and the hour has come; 21 and see, the Son of man is betrayed into the custody of sinners. (Mark 14.42a; Matt. 26.46b) Get up, let us go: [874] for the one that betrays me has arrived.”

    22 (Matt. 26.47) While he was still speaking, Judas the betrayer, one of the twelve, came bringing with him a large crowd carrying lanterns and (John 18.3) and swords and staves, from the chief priests, scribes and elders of the people, along with him the Roman foot soldiers. [875] 23 (Matt. 26.48; Mark 14.44b) Judas the betrayer had given them a sign, saying, “The one whom I will kiss, he is he: take him carefully, [876] and lead him away.” [877]

    24 (John 18.4a) Then Jesus, since he knew everything that would happen to him, went out 25 to them. (Matt. 26.49; Matt. 26.50a) Immediately Judas the betrayer came to Jesus, and said, “Peace, 26 my Master”; and kissed him.
    (Luke 22.48b) Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of man 27 with a kiss? (Matt. 26.50b; 22.52a, c)Was it for that you came, my friend?” Then Jesus said 28 to those that came to him, “Whom are you seeking?”
    (John 18.4b; John 18.5-9) They said to him, “Jesus the Nazarene.”
    Jesus said to them, “That is me.” And Judas the betrayer also was standing 29 with them. And when Jesus said to them, “That is me.,” they retreated backward, and 30 fell to the ground. Then Jesus asked them again, “Whom are you seeking?”
    They answered, 31 “Jesus the Nazarene.”
    Jesus said to them, “I told you that that is me: if you are looking for 32 me, let these go away”: that the word might be fulfilled which he spoke, “Of those 33 {A 183} whom you have given me I have not lost even one.” (Matt. 26.50c) Then those that were with Judas came, grabbed Jesus, and took him.

    34 (Luke 22.49) When his disciples saw what happened, they said, “Our Lord, should we strike 35 them with swords?” (John 18.10-11a) Now Simon Cephas had a sword, so he drew it, and struck the chief priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. That servant’s name 36 was Malchus.
    Jesus said to Cephas, “Will I not drink the cup that my Father has given 37 me? (John 18.11c; Matt. 26.52b-54) Put the sword into its sheath: for all that take with [878] the 38 sword will die by the sword. Do you think [879] that I am not able to ask of my 39 Father, and he will now raise up for me more than [880] twelve tribes of angels? Then 40 how would the scriptures which were spoken be fulfilled, that it must happen this way? (Luke 22.51a) Your 41 leave in this. [881] (Matt. 26.55) Then he touched the ear of the the one that was struck, and healed it. At that time Jesus said to the crowds, “Are you come out against me with swords and staves to take me like they come out against a thief? I was with you daily in 42 the temple sitting teaching, and you did not take me: (Luke 22.53b) but this is your time, and the power 43 of darkness. (Matt. 26.56) This has happened so that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled.”

    44 (John 18.12a) Then the disciples all left him, and fled. And the foot soldiers, the officers 45 and the Jewish soldiers [882] seized Jesus, and left. (Mark 14.51-52) A [883] young man 46 followed him wrapped in a towel, naked : and they grabbed him; so he 47 {A 184} left the towel, and ran away naked. (John 18.12b; John 18.13-14) Then they took Jesus, bound him, and brought him to Annas first; because he was the father in law of Caiaphas, 48 who was chief priest that year. And Caiaphas was the one that counseled the Jews, that it was necessary that one man should die instead of the people.

    49 (John 18.15-17a) Then Simon Cephas and one of the other disciples followed Jesus. Now the chief 50 priest knew that disciple, and he entered with Jesus into the court; but Simon was standing outside at the door. That other disciple, whom the chief priest knew, 51 went out and spoke to the girl that kept the door, and she brought Simon in. And when the girl that kept the door saw Simon, she looked intently at him, and said to him, “Are you not also one of this man’s disciples, I mean Jesus the 52 Nazarene?”
    (Luke 22.57; Mark 14.68b) But he denied it, and said, “Woman, I do not know him; I do not even know 53 what you are talking about.” (John 18.18a) Then the soldiers’ servants got up, and made a fire in the 54 middle of the court, so that they could warm themselves, since it was cold. (Luke 22.55a) When 55 the fire burned up, they sat down around it. (John 18.18c; Matt. 26.58b) And Simon also came, and sat down with them to warm himself, waiting so that he could see how it was going to turn out.

    Section 49

    1, 2 (John 18.19-24) The chief priest asked Jesus about his disciples, and about his doctrine. 884 Jesus said to him, “I was speaking [885] openly to the people; and I was constantly teaching in the synagogue, and in the temple, where all the Jews gather; and I have said nothing in 3 {A 185} secret. Why ask you me? ask those that have heard, what I was saying to 4 them: they know all that I said. When he had said that, one of the soldiers that were standing there struck Jesus’ cheek [886] and said to him, 5 “Do you answer the chief priest that way?” Jesus answered him, “If I 6 have spoken evil, testify to the evil”: [887] but if well, why did you strike me? Then Annas sent Jesus bound to the chief priest Caiaphas.

    7 (John 18.25a) When Jesus went out, Simon Cephas was standing in the outer court warming 8 himself. (Mark 14.69a) And that girl saw him again, and began to say to those that were standing 9 by, “This man was also there with Jesus the Nazarene.”
    (Matt. 26.71b; Matt. 26.73b) So those that stood by 10 came forward and said to Cephas, “Indeed you are one of his disciples.”
    (Matt. 26.72)But he 11 denied it again with an oath, “I do not know the man.”
    (Luke 22.58a; John 18.26a) In a little while one of the chief priest’s servants, the relative of the one whose ear Simon cut off, saw him; and 12 he argued

    [888] and said, “Truly this man was with him”: (Luke 22.59b) and he also is a Galilean; 13 (Matt. 26.73d) and his speech betrays. [889] (Matt. 26.73c; John 18.26b) And he said to Simon, “Did not I see you with him 14 in the garden?”
    (Mark 14.71) Then began Simon to curse, [890] and to swear, “I know not this man 15 whom you are talking about.” (Luke 22.60b-61a) And immediately, while he was speaking, the cock crew 16 twice. And in that hour Jesus turned, he being outside, and looked intently at Cephas.
    And Simon remembered the word of our Lord, which he said to him, 17, 18 (Mark 14.30b, c) “Before the cock crow twice, you will deny me thrice.” (Luke 22.62) And Simon went outside, and wept bitterly.

    19 {A 186} (Luke 22.66a) When the morning approached, the servants of all the chief priests. the scribes, the elders of the people, and all the crowd assembled, 20, 21 and made a plot; (Matt. 27.1b)and they conspired against Jesus execute him. (Matt. 26.59b-60a) They searched out false witnesses who would testify against him, in hopes of having him 22, 23 executed, but they could not find any; (v.60a) many false witnesses came, (Mark 14.59) but their testimony did not 24, 25 agree. (Matt. 26.60b) At last there came two lying witnesses, (Mark 14.57b; Mark 14.58) and said, “We heard him say, I will destroy this [891] temple of God that is made with hands, and will build another not 26, 27 made with hands after three days.” (Mark 14.59; Matt. 26.63a) Even then their testimony did not agree. But Jesus was silent.
    (Mark 14.60a) And the chief priest rose in the middle of them, and asked Jesus, 28 (Matt. 26.62b) “Are you not going to answer concerning anything? what do these [892] testify against 29, 30 you?” (Mark 14.61a) But Jesus was silent, and did not him answer at all.
    (Luke 22.66b-68) Then they took him up 31 into their assembly, [893] and said to him, “If you are the Messiah, tell us.”
    He said 32 to them, “If I tell you, you will not believe me: and if I ask you, you will not answer 33 me at all, nor let me go.”
    (Matt. 26.63b-64a) So the chief priest answered him, “I demand of you by the living God, that you tell us whether you are the Messiah, the 34, 35 Son of the living God.”
    Jesus said to him, “You said it, that I am he.”
    (Luke 22.70) They all said to him, “Then you are now the Son of God?”
    Jesus said, “You said it, that I am he.”36 , that I am he. (Matt. 26.64b) I tell you, that now will see the Son of man sitting 37 {A 187} at the right hand of power, and coming on the clouds of heaven.”
    (Mark 14.63a; Matt. 26.65b) Then the 38 chief priest rent his tunic, [894] and said, “He has blasphemed.”
    (Luke 22.71) Then they all said, “Why should we look for witnesses now? we have now heard the blasphemy from his mouth. 39, 40 So what do you think?”
    (Mark 14.64b; Matt. 26.66) They all answered, “He is worthy of death.” (Mark 14.65a; Luke 22.63b) Then some of them approached, and spat in his face, and struck him, and scoffed at him.
    41 (Mark 14.65c; Matt. 26.68) The soldiers struck him on his cheeks, [895] and said, “Prophesy to us, you Messiah: 42 who is he that struck you?” (Luke 22.65) And many other things they said falsely, [896] and said against him.

    43 (John 18.28; Mark 15.1b) Then all of their assembly got up, [897] took Jesus, and brought him bound [898] to 44 the praetorium, [899] and delivered him up to Pilate the judge; (John 18.28c) but they did not enter into the praetorium, so that they would not be defiled when they wanted to eat the Passover.

    45 (Matt. 27.11a; John 18.29-30) Then Jesus stood before the judge. Pilate went to them outside, and 46 said to them, “What accusation [900] do you have against this man?”
    (v.30) They answered him, “If he had not been doing evil things, we would not have handed 47 him over to you. (Luke 23.2b) We found this man leading our people astray, restraining from giving tribute to Caesar, and saying of himself that he is the King, the Messiah.”
    48 (John 18.31-32) Pilate said to them, “Then you take him, and judge him according to your law.”
    {A 188} The Jews said, “We have no authority in capitol cases”: 49 that the word might be fulfilled, which Jesus spoke, when he predicted how he was going to die.

    50 (John 18.33-38a) And Pilate entered the praetorium, called Jesus, and said to him, “Are 51 you the King of the Jews?”
    Jesus said to him, “Are you saying this from yourself, or 52 did others tell you about it concerning me?”
    (v.35) Pilate said to him, “Do you think I am [901] a Jew or something? The sons of your nation [902] and the chief priests delivered you to me: what 53 have you done?”
    Jesus said to him, “My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I would not have been 54 delivered to the Jews: but my kingdom is not from here.”
    Pilate said to him, “Then you are a king?”
    Jesus said to him, “You said it, that I am a king. For this was I born, and for this came I into the world, so I could testify 55 to the truth. Everyone that is of the truth hears my voice.”
    Pilate said to him, “What is the truth?” And when he said that, he went out again to the Jews.

    Section 50

    1 (Luke 23.4-7) Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowd, “I have not found 2 anything against this man.”
    (v.5) But they cried out, “He has caused unrest among [903] our people with his teaching in all Judaea beginning [904] in Galilee and to this 3 place.”
    When Pilate he heard the name of Galilee, he asked, “Is this man a Galilean?” 4 And when he learned that he was under the jurisdiction of Herod, he sent him to Herod: since he was in Jerusalem at the time.

    5 (Luke 23.8-12) Herod, when he saw Jesus, was extremely glad: since he had desired to see him for a long time, because he had heard many things about him; and he hoped to [905] 6 {A 189} see some sign from him. So he questioned him with many words; but 7 Jesus did not answer him at all. (v.10) The scribes and chief priests were 8 standing by, and they accused him fervently. Then Herod scoffed at him along with his servants; and having scoffed at him, he clothed him in scarlet robes, 9 and sent him to Pilate. On that day Pilate and Herod became friends; there had been [906] hostility between them before that.

    10, 11 (Luke 23.13-16) Then Pilate called the chief priests and the rulers of the people, and said to them, “You brought me this man, as the corrupter of your people: and I have tried him before you, and have not found any cause in this man [907] for all that you 12 are after [908] against him: (v.15) nor did Herod: I sent him to him; and he has done 13 nothing for which he should deserve death. So now I will chastise him, and let 14, 15 him go.”
    (Luke 23.18a) The crowd all cried out and said, “Take him from us, take him.” (Mark 15.3a) And 16 the chief priests and the elders accused him of many things. (Matt. 27.12-14) During their 17 accusation he did not answer a word.
    Then Pilate said to him, “Do you not hear 18 how many things they testify against you?”
    But he did not answer him, not even one word: and Pilate marveled at that.

    19 (Matt. 27.19) When the judge sat on his tribune, his wife sent to him, and said to him, “See that you have nothing to do with that righteous man: I have suffered much in my dream [909] today because of him.”

    20 (Matt. 27.15-17a) At every feast the custom of the judge was to release to the people one 21 prisoner, whoever they wanted. There was in their prison a well-known prisoner, 22, 23 named Barabbas. When they assembled, Pilate said to them, (John 18.39-40) “You have a custom, that I should release to you a prisoner at the Passover: do you want me 24 to release for you the King of the Jews?”
    (v.40) Then they all cried out and said, “Do not release {A 190} this man to us, but release Barabbas. Now this Barabbas was a 25 robber, (Luke 23.19) who had been thrown prison for sedition [910] and murder, which occurred in the city, 26. (Mark 15.8) But all the people cried out and began to request that he do with them 27 as the custom demanded.
    (Mark 15.9a; Matt. 27.17b-18) Then Pilate answered them, “Whom do you want me to release to you? Barabbas, or Jesus who is called the Messiah, the 28 King of the Jews? ” Because Pilate knew that they had been motivated to hand him over by envy. 29 (Matt. 27.20-22a) But the chief priests and the elders prompted the crowds to deliver Barabbas, and 30 to destroy Jesus. The judge answered them, “Whom of the two do 31 you want me to release to you?”
    They said, “Barabbas.”
    Pilate said, “And 32 Jesus who is called the Messiah, what will I do with him?”
    (Mark 15.13) They all cried out, 33 “Crucify him.”(Luke 23.20-23) Then Pilate spoke to them again, since he wanted to release 34 Jesus; but they cried out and said, “Crucify him, crucify him, and release to us 35 Barabbas.”
    Pilate said a third time, “What evil has this man done? I have not found in him any cause [911] to indicate death: I will chastise him and 36 let him go.” But they increased in importunity [912] with a loud voice, and asked him to crucify him. And their voice, and the voice of the chief priests, prevailed. 37 (Mark 15.15a; Luke 23.25a) Then Pilate released the one who was thrown into prison for sedition and murder, Barabbas, whom they asked for: (Matt. 27.26b) and he had Jesus flogged. [913]

    38 (Matt. 27.27-28) Then the judge’s foot soldiers took Jesus, and went into the praetorium, and 39 {A 191} all of the foot soldiers gathered around him. Then they stripped him, and put a scarlet cloak on 40 him. (John 19.2) And they dressed him in purple garments, and plaited 41 a crown of thorns, and placed it on his head with a reed in his right hand, (Matt. 27.29b-30) while they mocked him and laughed, they fell down on their knees before him, and bowed 42 down to [914] him, saying, “Hail, [915] King of the Jews!” (v.30) Then they spat in his face, and took the reed from his hand, and struck him on his head, (John 19.3b-12) and cheeks.
    43 Then Pilate went outside again, and said to the Jews, “I bring him out to 44 you, so that you may know that in examining [916] him I do not find even one crime.” 917 When Jesus went outside, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple garments, 45 Pilate said to them, “Here is the man!”
    And when the chief priests and the soldiers [918] saw him, they cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him.”
    Pilate said, “Take him yourselves, and crucify him: for I do not find a cause 35243524 See § 50, 35, note. against 46 him.”
    The Jews said, “We have a law, and according to our law he deserves 47 death, because he made himself the Son of God.”
    When Pilate heard this, 48 he got more afraid; so he reentered the porch, and said to Jesus, “Where 49 are you from?”(v.10) But Jesus did not answer him at all. Pilate said to him, “Do you not speak [919] to me? Do you not know that I have authority to release you, and have 50 authority to crucify you?”
    Jesus said to him, “You do not have any [920] authority over me, if it had not been given to you from above: therefore the sin of the one that handed 51 me over to you is greater than your sin.”
    Because of this saying Pilate wanted to release him: but the Jews cried out, “If you let him go, you are not a friend of Caesar: for everyone that makes himself a king is against Caesar.”

    Section 51

    1 {A 192} (John 19.13-15) And when Pilate heard this, he took Jesus out, and sat on the tribune in the place which was called the pavement of stones, but in the Hebrew 2 called Gabbatha. That day was the Friday of the Passover: and it was now 3 about noon. 921 He said to the Jews, “Here is your King!”
    But they cried out, “Take him, take him, crucify him, crucify him.
    Pilate said to them, “Should I crucify your King?”
    The chief priests said, “We have no king except 4 Caesar.”
    (Matt. 27.24-25) Then Pilate, when he saw that [922] he was getting nowhere, and the uproar was getting worse, took water, washed his hands before the crowd, and said, “I 5 am innocent of the blood of this innocent man: you should know.” [923]
    (v.25) All the people 6 answered, “Let his blood be on us, and on our children.” (John 19.16a) Then Pilate gave orders to grant them their request; and handed Jesus over to be crucified, giving in to their wish.

    7 (Matt. 27.3-10) Then Judas the betrayer, when he saw Jesus mistreated, went and returned the 8 thirty pieces of money to the chief priests and the elders, and said, “I have sinned by betraying innocent blood.”
    They said to him, “How is that our problem? 9 You should know that.” (v.5) And he threw down the money in the temple, and departed; and he 10 went away [924] and hanged [925] himself.
    Then the chief priests took the money, and said, “We have no right to put it into the offering, [926] since it is a blood-price. 11 So they consulted, and used it to buy the potter’s plain, for 12 the burial of strangers. Thhis is why that plain is called, ‘The field of blood,’ 13 {A 193} even now. This is how [927] the saying in the prophet was fulfilled that said,

    I took thirty pieces of money, the price of the precious one, which was fixed 14 by the children of Israel; (v.10) and I paid them for the potter’s plain, as the Lord commanded me.
    15 (John 19.16b; Mark 15.20b) Then the Jews took Jesus, and went away to crucify him. (John 19.17a; Matt. 27.31b) When he bore his 16 cross and went out, they stripped him of those purple and scarlet garments which he 17 had on, and put his own garments on him. (Matt. 27.32a; Mark 15.21b) While they were going with him, they found a man, a Cyrenian, coming from the country, named Simon, the father of Alexander and Rufus: (Matt. 27.32b) and they forced him to carry Jesus’ cross. 18 (Luke 23.26b) They took the cross and laid it on him, so that he could carry it and follow after Jesus; then Jesus went, and his cross behind him.

    19 (Luke 23.27-31) Many people followed him, as well as women which were lamenting and 20 delirious. [928] But Jesus turned to them and said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not cry 21 for me: cry for yourselves, and for your children. Days are coming, when they will say, .Happy are the barren, the wombs that have not born, and the breasts 22 that have not nursed.’ (v.30) Then will they begin to say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us’; and 23 to the hills, ‘Cover us.’ If they do this in the green tree, [929] what will be in the dry?”

    24 (Luke 23.32) So they brought with Jesus two others from among the criminals, [930] to be put to executed.

    25 (Luke 23.33a; John 19.17c) When they came to a place called ‘The skull,’ and called in the Hebrew ‘Golgotha,’ they crucified him there: (Luke 23.33b) they crucified with him these two 26 criminals, one on his right, and the other on his left. (Mark 15.28) So the scripture was 27 {A 194} fulfilled, which says, He was numbered with the transgressors. (Mark 15.23a) Then they gave him wine and myrrh to drink, and vinegar which had been mixed with the myrrh; (Matt. 27.34b; Mark 15.23b) and he tasted, but would not drink; so he did not accept it.

    28 (John 19.23-24) The soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and cast lots for them in four parts, to every party of the soldiers a part; but his tunic was 29 without seams, from the top woven throughout. So they said one to another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to see who will get it: so the scripture was fulfilled, which says,

    They divided my garments among them,
    And cast the lot for my clothes.
    30, 31 (Matt. 27.36) The soldiers did this and sat and guarded him there. (John 19.19) Pilate had written why he was being executed on a tablet, and had it put on the wood of the cross above his head. (Matt. 27.37) This was written on it: “This is Jesus the Nazarene, the King of the 32 Jews.”
    (John 19.20-22) Many of the Jews read this tablet [931] since the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city: and it was written in Hebrew, Greek and Latin. 33 The chief priests said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews’; but, ‘He 34 that [932] said, “I am the King of the Jews”‘.”
    Pilate said to them, “What has been 35 written has been written.” [933] (Luke 23.35a; Matt. 27.39) The people were standing watching; and the 36 passers-by were scorning [934] him, shaking [935] their heads, and saying, (Matt. 27.40a; Mark 15.29) “You that ‘will destroy the temple, and build it in three days,’ (Matt. 27.40c-42a) save yourself if you are the Son 37 of God, and come down from the cross.”
    Similarly, the chief priests, the {A 195} scribes, the elders, and the Pharisees derided him, laughing with 38, 39 one another, and said, “The savior of others cannot save himself. (Luke 23.35c; Matt. 27.42c-43) If he is the Messiah, the chosen of God, and the King of Israel, [936] let him come down now from the 40 cross, so that we can see, and believe in him. He relies on God-let him deliver him 41 now, if he is pleased with him: for he said, ‘I am the Son of God.'”
    (Luke 23.36-37) The soldiers 42 also scoffed at him when approached him, and brought him vinegar, they 43 said to him, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself.” (Matt. 27.44) Likewise the two robbers [937] also that were crucified with him reproached him.
    44 (Luke 23.39-43) One of the two malefactors who were crucified with him mocked him, and 45 said, “If you are the Messiah, save yourself, and save us also.”
    (v.40) But his comrade rebuked him, saying, “Do you not even fear God, being condemned just like 46 him? We are here justly, getting what we deserve, have we been rewarded according to our actions, [938] but this man has not done anything illegal.” 47 He said to Jesus, “Remember me, my Lord, when you come in your kingdom.”
    48 Jesus replied, [939] . “I tell you, Today will you be with me in Paradise.”

    49 (John 19.25-27) Standing by Jesus’ cross were his mother, his mother’s sister, [940] 50 Mary [941] who was related to Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. Jesus saw his mother, and the disciple whom he loved standing by; and he said to his mother, 51 “Woman, there is your son!” Then he said to that disciple, “There is your mother!” And from that time that disciple took her to himself.

    52 {A 196} (Matt. 27.45a; Luke 23.44b) From noon [942] darkness was on all the land until 3:00, 36123612 Lit six hours and nine hours respectively. and the sun became dark. (Luke 23.45a; Mark 15.34) And at 3:00 Jesus cried out with a loud voice, and said, Yail, Yaili, [944] why have you forsaken me? which [945] means, “My 54 God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”
    (Matt. 27.47) Some of those that stood there, when they heard, said, [946] “This man called Elijah.”

    Section 52

    1 (John 19.28) After that, Jesus knew that everything was complete; but so that the scripture 2 might be fulfilled, he said, “I am thirsty.” (John 19.29a; Matt. 27.48) Now a vessel full of vinegar was sitting there: so at that time one of them hurried to take a sponge, and fill it with the 3 vinegar, (Mark 15.36b) and attached it to a reed, and brought it up to [947] his mouth to give him a 4 drink. (John 19.30a) When Jesus had taken that vinegar, he said, “Everything is finished.”
    5 (Matt. 27.49; Luke 23.34) But the bystanders said, “Hold on, so we can [948] see whether Elijah will come to save him.”
    6, 7 (Luke 23.46a) Jesus said, “My Father, forgive them; they do not know what they are doing”. And Jesus cried again with a loud voice, “My Father, I entrust [949] my spirit to your hands.” (John 19.30b) Having said that, he bowed his head, and gave up his spirit.

    8 (Matt. 27.51-54) Immediately the face of [950] the door of the temple was torn into two parts from 9 top to bottom, there was an earthquake; and stones were split to pieces. The {A 197} tombs were opened; and the bodies of numerous dead saints, got up and 10 came out. After his resurrection, they came into into the holy city and 11 appeared to many people. Then the officer of the foot soldiers, along with those that were with him guarding Jesus, [951] when they saw the earthquake, and the things that 12 happened, were deeply awestruck, and praised God, saying, (Luke 23.47b; Matt. 27.54b) “This man was righteous”; and, 13 “Truly he was the Son of God.” (Luke 23.48) All the crowds that had gathered to see the event, when they saw what happened, returned and beat on their breasts.

    14 (John 19.31-37) The Jews, because of the Friday, said, “Do not let these bodies remain on their crosses, [952] because it is the beginning of the Sabbath (that Sabbath was a significant day); so they asked Pilate to let them break the legs of the ones that had been 15 crucified, and then take them down. So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the 16 first, and the other which was crucified with him: but when they came to Jesus, 17 they saw that he had already died, so they did not break his legs: but one of the soldiers pierced [953] him in his side with a spear, and immediately blood and 18 water came out. (v.35) One that saw it has testified, and his testimony is true: and he 19 knows that he has told the truth, so that you may also believe. He did this, in order that 20 the scripture would be fulfilled, that says, Not one of his bones will be broken; and also the scripture that says, Let them look on him whom they pierced. 36453645 Lit. ripped.

    21 (Luke 23.49a; Mark 15.41b) All the acquaintance of Jesus were standing at a distance, along with the women that came with him from Galilee, the ones that followed him and served. 22 (Matt. 27.56a; Mark 15.40b) Among them were Mary Magdalene; Mary the mother of James the little and 23 {A 198} Joses, (Matt. 27.56c; 15.40c, 41c) the mother of the sons of Zebedee, Salome, and many others who came up with him to Jerusalem; (Luke 23.49b) and they saw all this.

    24 (Mark 15.42) When the evening of the Friday came, because of the beginning of the 25 Sabbath, (Luke 23.50) a rich man came, (Matt. 27.57) a noble [954] named Joseph, from Ramah, (Luke 23.51b) a city of Judah, [955] who was a good and decent man. (John 19.38b) He was a [956] disciple of Jesus, but 26 was secreting himself for fear of the Jews. (Luke 23.51a) He did not agree with the accusers 27 in their desires and actions. (Luke 23.51c) He was watching for the kingdom of God. (Mark 15.43b-45a) This man went boldly to see to Pilate, and asked him for the body of 28 Jesus. Pilate wondered how he had died already: so he called the officer of 29 the foot soldiers, and asked him about his death before the expected time. When 30 he knew, he ordered him to hand over his body to Joseph, (Matt. 27.58b; Mark 15.46a) and Joseph bought him a winding cloth of pure linen, took down the body of Jesus, 31 and wound him in it. They came and took it. (John 19.38d; John 19.39-40) Also Nicodemus came, who had previously come to Jesus by night; and he brought with him about a hundred pounds of perfume [957] 32 (myrrh and aloes). Then they took the body of Jesus, and wound it in the linen and the perfume, as was the Jewish burial custom.

    33 (John 19.41) Now there was a garden near the place where Jesus was crucified; and in that garden 34 a new tomb was cut out in a rock, [958] (Mark 15.46) one in which no one had ever been laid. (John 19.42) So they left 35 Jesus there because the Sabbath had arrived, and because the tomb was near. (Matt. 27.60b) They pushed [959] a large stone, and shoved [960] it against the door of the sepulcher, and 36 went away. (Mark 15.47a) Mary Magdalene and Mary that was related to Joses came to 37 {A 199} the sepulcher after them, [961] (Luke 23.55b) and sat facing the sepulcher, (Matt. 27.61b) and saw the 38 body, how they took it in and laid it there. (Luke 23.56a; Mark 16.1b) And they returned, and bought ointment [962] and perfume, [963] and prepared (Luke 23.56) it, so they could come and anoint him. 39 (Luke 23.56c) And on the day of the Sabbath they refrained, in obedience to the commandment.

    40, 41 (Matt. 27.62-66) Then the chief priests and the Pharisees met with Pilate, and said to him, “Our lord, we remember what fraudster said, while he was alive, ‘I will rise after three days.’ 42 So now send beforehand and guard the tomb [964] until the third day, [965] in case his disciples might come and steal him by night, then they would say to the people that he 43 is risen from the dead: and the latter deception will be worse than the previous.”
    He said to them, “Do you not have guards? [966] go, and take precautions in whatever way seems right.”
    44 So they went with the guards, set them at the tomb, and sealed the stone.

    45 (Matt. 28.1a; Luke 24.1b) In the evening of the Sabbath, which is the beginning of the first day, and in 46 the dawn [967] while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene, the other Mary, and other women came to see the tomb. (Matt. 28.1b; Luke 24.1d)They brought with them the 47 perfume which they had prepared, and said among themselves, (Mark 16.3) “Who is going to 48 move the stone for us from the door of the tomb?” because it was very large. (Mark 16.4b; Matt. 28.2a) As they were saying this, there was a violent earthquake; and an angel came down 49 from heaven, and came and removed the stone from the door. (Luke 24.2; Matt. 28.2b-4) When they arrived they found the stone removed from the sepulcher, and the angel sitting on the 50 stone. His appearance was like lightning, and his raiment white as the 51 snow: and being terrified of him the guards were distressed, and froze up like dead men. 52 (Luke 24.3) When he went away, the women entered into the sepulcher; but they did not find 53 {A 200} the body of Jesus. (Mark 16.5b) Rather, they saw a young man there sitting on the 54 right, dressed in a white garment; and they were amazed. [968] (Matt. 28.5-6) The angel answered the women, “Do not fear: I know that you are looking for Jesus the 55 Nazarene, who has been crucified. He is not here; but he is risen, as he said. Come and see the place where our Lord lay.”

    Section 53

    [969] 1 (Luke 24.4-8a) While they were being amazed at that, unexpectedly two men were standing over them, with their 2 clothes shining: (v.5) and they were seized with shock, and bowed prostrated themselves to 3 the ground. Then they said to them, “Why are you looking for the living with the dead? He is not here; he is risen: remember what he was telling you while he was in 4 Galilee, saying, ‘The Son of man is going to be handed over into the hands of sinners, 5 going to be crucified, and on the third day to rise.’ But go quickly, and say to his disciples and to Cephas, ‘He is risen from among the dead; and look, he goes before 6 you into Galilee; (Mark 16.7b; Matt. 28.7c) and there you will see him, where [970] he said he said: ‘see, I have 7 told you.'” (Luke 24.8; Matt. 28.8a) Then they remembered his sayings; and they left the tomb quickly 8 with joy and great awe, and hurried and went; (Mark 16.8b) and filled with bewilderment and anxiety, 9 and they told no one anything, since they were afraid.
    (John 20.2-10) Mary hurried, and came to Simon Cephas, and to that other disciple whom Jesus loved, and said to them, “They have taken our Lord from the sepulcher, and I 10 do not know where they have put him. So Simon went out with that other disciple, 11 and arrived at the sepulcher. They both hurried together: but that disciple 12 outran [971] Simon, and came to the sepulcher first. (v.5) He looked down, and saw the 13 linen laid; but did not go in. When Simon came after him he entered the 14 {A 201} sepulcher, and saw the linen laid; however the scarf with which his head was bound was not with the linen, but wrapped and laid aside in its own place. 15 Then the disciple who came first to the sepulcher entered, and saw, and believed. 16 But they did not know yet from the scriptures that the Messiah was to rise from 17 the dead. (v.10) So those two disciples went home.

    18 (John 20.11-17) But Mary stayed [972] at the tomb crying: and while she cried, she looked 19 down into the tomb; and she saw two angels sitting in white clothes, one of them at his pillow, and the other at his feet, where the body of Jesus had been 20 laid. They said to her, “Woman, why are you crying?”
    She said to them, 21 “They have taken my Lord, and I do not know where they have put him. As she said that, she turned behind her, and saw Jesus standing there, but did not know that it was 22 Jesus.
    (v.15) Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you crying? Who are you looking for?” She supposed [973] him to be the gardener, and said, “Sir, if you have taken him, 23 tell me where you have laid him, so that I can go and take him.”
    Jesus said to her, “Mary.”
    She turned, and said to him in Hebrew, “Rabboni”; which means, 24 ‘Teacher.’
    Jesus said to her, “Do not touch me; [974] I have not yet ascended to my Father: go to my brothers, and say to them, I am ascending to my Father and your Father, and to my God and your God.”

    25 (Mark 16.9) So, on the First-day (on which he rose), he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons.

    26 (Matt. 28.11b-13) And some of those guards [975] came to the city, and told the chief priests 27 {A 202} what had happened. They assembled with the elders, and consulted, 28 then they gave not a little money to the guards, and told them, “You should say ‘His disciples came and stole him at night, while we were sleeping.’

    29 (Matt. 28.14-15) “If the judge hears that, we will intercede with him, and exonerate you.” 30 (v.15) So they, having taken the money, followed directions, just as they instructed them, and this word continues among the Jews even now.

    31 (John 20.18) And then came Mary Magdalene, and announced to the disciples that she had seen our Lord, and that he had said that to her.

    32 (Matt. 28.8b-10) While the first [976] Women [977] were on the road to inform [978] his disciples, [979] 33 Jesus met them, and said to them, “Peace to you,” and they came and took 34 hold of his feet, and worshipped him. (v.10) Then Jesus said to them, “Do not be afraid: but go and tell my brothers that they should leave for Galilee, and they will see me there.” 35 (Luke 24.9) The women returned, and told all this to the eleven, and to the rest of the disciples; (Mark 16.10b) and to those that had been with him, since they were dismayed and 36 crying. (Luke 24.10) These were Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the rest who were with them: and they were the ones that told the apostles. 37 (Mark 16.11) But when they heard them say that he was alive and had appeared to them, 38 they did not believe them; (Luke 24.11a) what they said just seemed crazy to them.

    39 {A 203} (Mark 16.12a; Luke 24.13b-32) After that, on the same day, he appeared to two of them while they were going to the village called Emmaus, that was seven and a half miles [980] 40 from Jerusalem. [981] They were talking with one another 41 about all the things that had happened. (v.15) While they were talking and 42 probing one another, Jesus came up to them, and walked with them. But 43 their eyes were veiled that they could not recognize him. He said to them, “What are you two talking about so sadly on your journey?”
    44 One of them, who was named Cleopas, answered him, “Are you the only stranger around Jerusalem that does not know what was going on 45 these days?”
    He said to them, “What was?”
    They replied, “Concerning Jesus, who was from Nazareth, a man who was a prophet, authoritative in 46 speech and action before God and before all the people. (v.20) The chief priests and 47 the elders handed him over to a death sentence, [982] and crucified him. But we had been thinking that he was the one who was going to deliver Israel. It has been three days since all [983] these 48 things. But some our women 49 told us that they had come to the sepulcher; and when they did not find his body, they came and told us that they had seen the angels there, and they [984] said 50 about him that he was alive. Some of us also went to the sepulcher, and 51 found the things as the women had said: only they did not see him.”
    (v.25) Then said Jesus 52 to them, “You are short on judgment, and slow-minded to believe! It was in all the sayings of the prophets that the Messiah was to suffer these things, was it not, and to 53 {A 204} enter into his Glory?” Then he began from Moses and all the prophets, 54 and interpreted them for them concerning himself from all the scriptures.
    They were approaching the village where they were going: and he was leading them to 55 think that he was going on to some distant place. But they urged [985] him, “Stay with us: it is late and getting dark.” So he went 56 in to stay with them. (v.30) When he sat with them, he took bread, blessed, 57 broke, and gave it to them. Right away their eyes were opened, and they 58 recognized him; and he disappeared from them. [986] Then they said to one other, “Was not our heart heavy [987] within us, while he was speaking to us in the road, and interpreting the scriptures?”

    59 (Luke 24.33-35) So they got up right then, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven 60 gathered, and those that were with them saying, “Truly our Lord is risen, and has 61 appeared to Simon.” (v.35) Then they related what happened in the road, and how they knew him when he broke the bread. (Mark 16.13) But they did not believe that either.

    Section 54

    1 (Luke 24.36a; John 20.19) While they were talking together [988] in the evening that day (it was still the First-day)—the disciples were behind closed doors, because they were afraid of the 2 Jews—(Luke 24.36c-43) Jesus came and stood among them, and said, “Peace be with you: I am he; do not be afraid.” But they were disconcerted, and became frightened, and were thinking that they 3 were seeing a spirit. Jesus said, “Why are you disconcerted? and why are you having disturbing 4 {A 205} thoughts? See my hands and my feet, that I am he: feel me, since you know that a spirit do not have flesh and bones, as you see that I have.” 5 (v.40) Having said this, he showed them his hands, his feet, and his side. [989] 6 They were still doubting until then, from their joy and their wonder. He 7 said to them, “Do you have anything here to eat?” They gave him a portion of broiled fish and of honey. [990] So he took it, and ate in front of them.

    8 (Luke 24.44-48) He said to them, “This is what I was telling you, while I was with you, that [991] everything must be fulfilled, as it is written about me in the law of 9 Moses, and the prophets, and the psalms. (v.45) Then opened he their 10 minds, so that they could understand the scriptures; and he said to them, “This is how it is written, and this is how it was necessary [992] that the Messiah suffer, and rise from among the 11 dead on the third day. Also that repentance for the forgiveness of sins be preached 12 in his name among all the peoples; and it will begin from Jerusalem. 13 You will be witnesses of that. And I send to you the promise of my Father.” (Luke 24.49a; John 20.20b-23) 14 When the disciples heard this, they were glad. And Jesus said again, 15 “Peace be with you: as my Father has sent me, I am also sending you.” When he had said this, he breathed on them, and told them, “Receive you the Holy Spirit: 16 and if you forgive sins to anyone, they will be forgiven him; and if you retain them against anyone, they will be retained.”

    17 (John 20.24-25) But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Thama, was not there with the disciples 18 when Jesus came. (v.25) So the disciples said to him, “We have seen our Lord.”
    But he replied, “If I do not see the nail prints in his hands, and put my fingers on them, and pass my hand over his side, I will not believe.”

    19 (John 20.26-29) After eight days, on the next First-day, the disciples were gathered again inside, and Thomas was with them. Then Jesus came, while the doors were shut, and stood 20 {A 206} in the middle. He said to them, “Peace be with you.” Then he said to Thomas, Bring your finger here, and look at my hands; and bring here 21 your hand, and spread it on my side: do not be unbelieving, but believing.”
    Thomas 22 answered him, “My Lord and my God.”
    Jesus said to him, “Now you have believed, since you have seen me: happy are the ones that have not seen me, and have believed.”

    23 (John 20.30-31) Jesus did many other signs in front his disciples, which 24 are not written in this book: but these that [993] are written are so that you may believe in Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God; and that when you have believed, you may have eternal life in his name.

    25 (John 21.1-14) After that, Jesus showed himself again to his disciples at the sea of Tiberias; 26 and this is how he showed himself. Simon Cephas, Thomas (who was called Twin), [994] Nathanael (who was from Cana of Galilee), 27 the sons of Zebedee, and two other of the disciples were together. Simon Cephas told them, “I am going to catch some fish.”
    They said to him, “We will come with you, too.” So they went out, and boarded the boat; but that night they did not catch anything. 28
    When the morning arrived, Jesus stood on the shore: although the disciples 29 did not know that it was Jesus. (v.5) Jesus said to them, “Children, do you have anything 30 to eat?”
    They said to him, “No.”
    He said to them, “Cast your net from the right side of the boat, and you will find [995] some. So they threw, were not able 31 to draw in the net because of the size of the catch of fish come [996] into it.
    The disciple whom Jesus loved said to Cephas, “This is our Lord.” So Simon, when he heard that it was our Lord, took his tunic, girded it on his waist (since he was 32 naked), and threw himself into the sea to come to Jesus. But some others of the disciples came in the boat [997] (they were not far from the land, only about three 33 {A 207} hundred feet), [998] and drew the net of fish. When they came up on the 34 land, they saw live coals laid out, and fish put on with bread.
    (v.10) Jesus 35 said to them, “Bring some of the fish that you just caught.” So Simon Cephas went up, and dragged the net to the land, full of a hundred and fifty-three large fish, 36 and the net was not ripped from all this weight. Then Jesus said to them, “Come and sit down. None of the disciples dared to ask him who he was, since they knew it was our Lord, even though he was not appearing to them in his recognizable 37, 38 form. Jesus came, and took bread and fish, and gave some to them. This was the third time that Jesus appeared to his disciples, after he had risen from among the dead.

    39 (John 21.15-23) After they had breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Cephas, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me more than these?”
    He said to him, “Yes, my Lord; you 40 know that I love you.”
    Jesus told him, “Feed for me my lambs.” He spoke again to him a second time, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me?”
    He said to him, “Yes, my Lord; you know that I love you.”
    He said to him, “Feed my 41 sheep [999] for me.
    He said to him again the third time, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me?”
    It grieved Cephas that he asked him three times, “Do you love me?” But he said to him, “My Lord, you know everything; you know that I 42 love you.”
    Jesus said to him, “Feed my sheep [1000] for me. Truly, truly, I say to you, When you were a child, you wrapped your waist for yourself, and went where {A 208} you wanted: but when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and another will wrap your waist, and take you where you do not want to go.” 43 He said that to him to explain by what sort of death he was going to glorify God. When he 44 had said that, he added, “Come after me.”
    (v.20) And Simon Cephas turned, and saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following him; the one who leaned [1001] on 45 Jesus’ breast at the supper, and said, “My Lord, who is it that betrays you?” When therefore Cephas saw him, he said to Jesus, “My Lord, and this man, what will happen to 46 him?” [1002]
    Jesus replied, “If I want this man to remain until I come, what is 47 that to you? You follow me.” Then this talk spread among the brethren, that that disciple would not die: but Jesus did not say that he would not die; but, “If I want this man to remain until I come, what is that to you?”

    48 (John 21.24) This is the disciple who testified to that, and wrote it: and we know that his testimony is true.

    Section 55

    1 (Matt. 28.16-17) The eleven disciples went into Galilee, to the mountain [1003] where Jesus had 2 appointed them. When they saw him, they worshipped him: although there were some of 3 them who doubted. (Mark 16.14) While they sat there he appeared to them again, and reprimanded those that saw him when he was risen, but did not believe for their lack of faith and the hardness of their hearts.

    4 {A 209} (Matt. 28.18b) Then said Jesus to them, I have been given all authority in heaven 5 and earth; and as my Father has sent me, so I am also sending you. (John 20.21b; Mark 16.15b) Now go into 6 the whole world, and preach my gospel in all creation; (Matt. 28.19b) and teach [1004] all the peoples, and 7 baptize them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit; (Matt. 28.20) and teach them to keep all that I instructed you: and look, I am with you every day, to 8 the end of the world. (Mark 16.16) Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved; but 9 whoever does not believe will be rejected. (Mark 16.17) The

    [signs ] [1005] which will attend those who believe in me are these: that they will cast out devils in my name; they 10 will speak with new tongues; (Mark 16.18) they will pick up snakes, if they drink deadly poison, [1006] it will not injure them; and they will lay their hands on the diseased, 11 and they will be healed. (Luke 24.49b) But you, stay in the city of Jerusalem, until you are clothed with power from on high.

    12 (Mark 16.19a; Luke 24.50) Our Lord Jesus, after speaking to them, took them out to Bethany: and he 13 raised his hands, and blessed them. (Luke 24.51; Mark 16.19c) As he was blessing them, he was separated from them, and ascended into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God. 14, 15 (Luke 24.52-53) So they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with overflowing joy: and they were always in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.

    16 (Mark 16.20) From there they went out, and preached in every place; and our Lord helped them, and confirmed what they said by the signs that they did. [1007]

    17 (John 21.25) There are also many other things which Jesus did, which if everyone of them were written, not even the world, in my opinion, could contain the books which would be written. [1008]


    1. In Borgian ms.

    Here ends the Gospel which Titian compiled and named Diatessaron, i.e., The Fourfold, a compilation from the four Gospels of the holy Apostles, the excellent Evangelists (peace be on them). It was translated by the excellent and learned priest, Abu’l Faraj ‘Abdulla ibn-at-Tayyib [1009] (may God grant him favor), from Syriac into Arabic, from an exemplar written by ‘Isa [1010] ibn-‘Ali al-Motatabbib, [1011] pupil of Honain ibn-Ishak (God have mercy on them both). Amen.

    1. In Vatican ms. [1012]
      Here ends, by the help of God, the holy Gospel that Titian compiled from the four Gospels, which is known as Diatessaron. And praise be to God, as he is entitled to it and lord of it! Let the glory be to him forever.

    [1] On the margin of the Vatican ms., fol. 1a, are written by a later hand these words, The first of his Gospel. The first of the Evangel (is) the Gospel of Luke; followed by the text of the first four verses of Luke, and that in turn by the words, Four complete Gospels, Matthew, and Mark, and Luke, and John. See Ciasca’s Essay, cited above (Introduction, 5), p. 468.

    [2] This word is constantly recurring in the sense of fear.

    [3] Everywhere, except in the introductory notes, the Arabic is the Spirit of Holiness, as in the Arabic versions.

    [4] See § 28, 17, note.

    [5] The Vat. ms. has over this verse, The second section, from the Gospel of Luke, i.e., as divided in the Syriac and Arabic versions.

    [6] The Borgian ms. omits to Galilee.

    [7] Vat. ms., like that described by Gildemeister (see Introduction, 20) has into Galilee (cf. § 8, 10, note).

    [8] Lit. the, a form due to Syriac influence (cf. § 2.12, and passim).

    [9] The Arabic word ordinarily means tribe or nation, but in this work it regularly represents the Syriac word used in the N.T. for ‘generation.’

    [10] The Arabic would naturally be rendered, the blessing on me, That; but a number of passages in this work seem to justify the rendering given in the text (cf., e.g., § 46, 54, and especially § 15, 40).

    [11] The text is indistinct in the Vat. ms. The reading seems to be conflate, the doublets being when it was, which is the reading of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, and on.

    [12] Lit. described (cf. § 2.46).

    [13] Or, should.

    [14] Here and elsewhere the Arabic translator uses life, live, and give life, as in Syriac, for salvation, etc.

    [15] Borg. ms. has and for of.

    [16] The word used in the Peshitta means visit, either in the sense of caring for or in that of frequenting. See § 24, 29

    [17] So Borg. ms. The Vat. ms. is very indistinct. Lagarde (see Introduction, 13, note), quoting Guidi, prints Whereby there visiteth us the manifestation from on high. The difference in Arabic is in a single stroke.

    [18] This is preceded in Vat. ms. by the genealogy, Matt. 1.1-17 (see Introduction, 13), with the marginal note The Beginning of the Gospel of Matthew. (Lagarde, op. cit., 1886, p. 154.) The text presents nothing worthy of note in this place except that verse 16, construed on the same principle as the preceding verses, to which, except in the words printed in italics, it is strictly parallel in construction, reads thus: Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, who of her begat Jesus, the Messiah (cf. the remarkable reading of Sin. Syriac). As it stands, this is the only possible interpretation of the words, for who is masculine. But a mistake in the gender of a relative pronoun is very common in Arabic among illiterate people, while in Syriac there is, to begin with, no distinction. If then we correct the relative, who of her will become of whom (fem.), and begat will of course be construed as passive. We thus get the text followed in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, the ordinary reading of the Peshitta,of whom was born Jesus.

    [19] The Arabic might even more naturally be rendered born, thus giving us the reading that Isho’dad tells us was that of the Diatessaron (Harris, Fragments, p. 16 f.); but throughout the whole genealogy (see § 1, 81, note) this word has been used by the Vat. ms. in the sense of begat. Here the Borg. ms. has of her for in her; but Ibn-at-Tayyib in his Commentary discusses why Matthew wrote in and notof.

    [20] cf. § 1, 78.

    [21] The Arabic expression is clearly meant to represent that used in the Peshitta.

    [22] This is the most natural meaning of the Arabic sentence; which, however, is simply a word-for-word reproduction.

    [23] The Arabic represents Syr. idiom.

    [24] Borg. ms. inserts all above the line, after these. The meaning ought then to be, these things, namely, all the sayings.

    [25] The Arab. might meanset them apart; but the Syriac is against this.

    [25a] Or, anointed.

    [26] For order cf. (in part) Sin. Syriac.

    [27] i.e., becoming manifest.

    [28] So also in Syriac versions and the quotation of Isho’dad from Ephraem (Harris, Fragments, p. 34), but not the Armenian version.

    [29] The Arabic sides with the Peshitta and Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, against the remarkable reading of Sin. supported by Isho’dad, as in last note (Syriac text), and the Armenian in Hill, p. 336. See now also The Guardian, Dec. 18, 1895.

    [30] On the substitution of this general phrase for Matt. 2.1a, see the remarks of Harris in Fragments, etc., p. 37 ff.

    [31] This periphrasis for where is very characteristic of this work.

    [32] So in later Arabic and some Arabic versions. According to classical usage the word means sleep.

    [33] Or, is weeping, and so in next line is not willing.

    [34] A general word (cf. Syr. versions).

    [35] Or, knew.

    [36] There is a very rare use of this Arabic word in the Hebrew sense of saying.

    [37] So Vat. ms. The Borg. ms. has with.

    [38] See note on § 1, 78.

    [39] Or, authority.

    [40] In Syr. this word also means truth.

    [41] Or, earlier than I.”

    [42] i.e., came to be.

    [43] cf. Peshitta, etc. (not Cur.); cf. also Gildemeister, op. cit., p. 29, on Luke 9.20.

    [44] Lit. from the side of.

    [45] Or, in.

    [46] On the original Diatessaron reading, honey and milk of the mountains,or, milk and honey of the mountains, which latter Ibn-at-Tayyib cites in his Commentary (folio 44b, 45a) as a reading, but without any allusion to the Diatessaron, see, e.g., now Harris, Fragments of the Com. of Ephr. Syr. upon the Diat. (London, 1895), p. 17 f.

    [47] The translator uses invariably an Arabic word (name of a sect) meaning Separatists.

    [48] Lit. Zindiks, a name given to Persian dualists and others.

    [49] Grammar requires this rendering, but solecisms in this kind of word are very common, and in this work (e.g., § 48, 21) the jussive particle is sometimes omitted. We should therefore probably render let him give, let him do, etc.

    [50] cf. Peshitta, where the word has its special meaning, soldiers.

    [51] Our translator constantly uses this Arabic word (which we renderhaply, or, can it be? or, perhaps, etc.) to represent the Syriac word used in this place. The latter is used in various ways, and need not be interrogative, as our translator renders it (cf. especially § 17, 6).

    [52] Or, shall.

    [53] The Vat. ms. here gives the genealogy (Luke 3.23-38), of which we shall quote only the last words: the son of Adam; who (was) from God. If this were not the reading of the Peshitta (against Sin.) and Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, one might explain from as a corruption of the Arabic son of, the words being very similar. On the Borg. ms. see § 55, 17, note.

    [54] cf. § 3, 54, note.

    [55] For the statement of Isho’dad (see above, Introduction, 10), And immediately, as the Diatessaron testifies, light shone forth, etc., see Harris, Fragments, etc., p. 43 f.

    [56] Lit. calumniator.

    [57] Borg. ms. omits and.

    [58] Lit. backbiter, a different word from that used above in § 4, 43, 47.

    [59] Or, speaking.

    [59a] Lit. the tenth hour [AH].

    [60] cf. Peshitta.

    [61] The Arabic word used throughout this work means Stones.

    [62] Lit. the (cf. note to § 1, 40).

    [63] Arabic Qatna; at § 5, 32, Qatina, following the Syriac form.

    [64] Lit. the (cf. note to § 1, 40).

    [65] The reading of Cur. and Sin. is not known; but cf. Moesinger, p. 53, and Isho’dad quoted in Harris, Fragments, etc., p. 46

    [66] Perhaps a comma should be inserted after sign.

    [67] If the text does not contain a misprint the word for ‘by’ is wanting in both mss. It should doubtless be restored as in § 7, 3.

    [68] Evil-doers could easily be an Arabic copyist’s corruption of captives; but the word used here for forgiveness could hardly spring from an Arabic release (in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, where the thing seems to have happened, a different word is used). In Syriac, however, they are the same; while the first pair contain the same consonants.

    [69] Or, but.”

    [70] Borg. ms. has but. The Arabic expressions are very similar.

    [71] Borg. ms. has he did this, he enclosed, on which see § 38, 43, note (end). Either reading could spring from the other, within the Arabic.

    [72] The verb may be active as well as passive, but does not agree in gender with amazement. Mistakes in gender are, however, very common transcriptional errors.

    [73] Dual.

    [74] Plural. In the Peshitta it is two individuals in verse 25. In Sin. the first is an individual and the second is ambiguous. In Cur. both are plural.

    [75] Or, he be given it.

    [76] The ordinary word for apostle.

    [77] See § 9, 21, note.

    [78] So Ciasca’s printed text. The Vat. ms., however, probably represents a past tense.

    [78a] cf.

    [79] cf. consonants of Syriac text.

    [80] Borg. ms., that God is truly, or, assuming a very common grammatical inaccuracy, that God is true or truth, the reading in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary.

    [81] Lit.saying.

    [82] Lit.the life of eternity; here and everywhere except § 21, 40.

    [83] i.e., alights-and-stays. upon him.

    [84] Or, knew.

    [85] Or, will.

    [85a] Or, good news, and.

    [85b] Lit., the seventh hour [AH].

    [86] See § 5, 32, note.

    [87] Perhaps we might here renderlearning; but see § 28, 17, note.

    [88] So in the Arabic. It is, however, simply a misinterpretation of the expression in the Syriac versions, for at the place of toll(cf. Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary).

    [89] Or, each.

    [89a] This may represent a Syriac as.

    [89b] See above, note to § 6, 46, which applies, although the Arabic words are different.

    [90] Lit. son-of-the-roofs, a Syriac expression (cf. § 24, 31, note).

    [91] This is the end of verse 1 in the Greek.

    [92] This word may be either a singular or a plural.

    [93] This word ordinarily meansto forge lies against; but our translator uses it regularly as here.

    [94] Peshitta has easier.

    [95] See above, note to § 6, 46.

    [96] A Syriacism.

    [97] The Arabic word, which occurs here in many of the Arabic versions, could also be read bridegroom. The Syriac word for marriage chamber is also used in the sense of marriage feast.

    [98] Syr. In Arab. it means what?

    [99] This may be simply a misinterpretation of the ordinary Syriac reading, which in all probability agrees with the masculine reading found in the Text. Rec. of the Greek.

    [100] Is it possible that the Arabic word after known is not meant simply to introduce the quotation, but is to be taken in the adverbial sense, how representing the Syriac what that is?

    [101] See § 10, 13, note.

    [102] Lit.other. The definite article is a mistake of the translator.

    [103] Here, at the end of leaf 17 of Vat. ms., is a note by a later hand: Here a leaf is missing. This first lacuna extends from § 7, 47 to § 8, 17.

    [104] An easy clerical error for And so he regarded (cf. Peshitta).

    [105] Lit. lead to him.

    [106] The Arabic word strictly means young man.

    [107] Or, rested.

    [107a] Or, wick.

    [108] The Arab. might also mean, And he shall preach (the good tidings) to the peoples in his name(cf. § 22, 47, note).

    [109] This phrase, in this case adopted from the Syriac, really means, in Arab., ‘morning found him.’

    [110] It must be remembered that we have here only one ms. The Arabic words for Galilee and for mountain are very similar. The words that he might pray have therefore probably made their way here by some error from § 8, 9, above.

    [111] So (with the Peshitta) by transposing two letters. The Arabic text as it stands can hardly be translated. Almost may be simply a corruption of the Arabic word were.

    [112] The syntax of the Arabic is ambiguous. The alternative followed above, which seems the most natural, is that which agrees most nearly with the Peshitta.

    [113] Or, troubled with.

    [114] This is the meaning of the Arabic word, as it is the primary meaning of the Syriac; but in this work a number of words meaning approach are used (and generally translated) in the sense of touch. The commonest word so used is that in § 12, 13 (cf. also § 12, 35).

    [115] So Vat. ms., followed by Ciasca (cf. Sin.). Borg. ms. has he that was betraying or was a traitor (cf. Peshitta).

    [116] This word, the ordinary meaning of which is expel, is freely used by our translator in the sense of persecute.

    [117] Or, let (cf. § 4, 20, note).

    [118] Lit. this (man) shall.

    [119] See § 10, 13, note.

    [120] The text is rather uncertain.

    [120a] Gk. kodrantēn ~3/8¢, a British farthing was 1/4 penny [AH].

    [121] The text is probably corrupt. Vat. ms. has on margin, i.e., “caused her.”

    [122] The adj. is in the superlative.

    [123] A literal reproduction of the Greek, like that in Syr. versions.

    [124] Lit. jaw.

    [125] Or, punish.

    [126] Or, return.

    [127] Or,to be given back as much by.

    [128] Our translator is continually using this word (cf. § 9, 23) where the context and the originals require then or therefore. We shall only occasionally reproduce the peculiarity.

    [129] A clumsy phrase.

    [130] The Arabic text makes Matthew begin here.

    [131] The text as printed reads,That your will may be (done); but it is to be explained as a (very common grammatical) transcriptional error. The Cur., however, has and.

    [132] Lit. unto the age of the ages.”

    [133] Or,folly; and so in following verse.

    [134] Or, shew to.

    [135] Or, for if.

    [136] Or, will be.

    [137] Or,your souls; or, your lives.

    [138] Lit. falls (cf. Syriac).

    [139] The word means to contend successfully, but is used throughout by our translator in the sense of condemn.

    [140] This is the reading adopted by Ciasca in his Latin version. The diacritical points in the Arabic text, as he has printed it (perhaps a misprint), give second person plural passive instead of third plural active.

    [141] cf. Luke 8.18b. Our translator uses the same word in § 50, 5=Luke 23.8b; and in both cases it represents the same word in the Syriac versions.

    [142] Or, Do.

    [143] The Arabic might also be rendered,What father of you whom his son asks for bread, will (think you) give him a stone? But as the Peshitta preserves the confused construction of the Greek, it is probably better to render as above.

    [144] There is nothing about striving. The verb is walaga, which means enter (cf. § 11, 48).

    [145] Or, lambs’.

    [146] The verbs might be singular active, but not plural as in Syriac versions (cf., however, § 38, 43, note, end). In the Borg. ms. the nouns are in the accusative.

    [147] i.e., so as to be unable to walk.

    [148] Or, bodies of soldiers.

    [149] Or, it.

    [150] Lit. company.

    [151] Lit. plough of the yoke.

    [152] cf., e.g., at § 17, 19, § 23, 16, where the same Arabic and Syriac word is used; cf. also the ambiguity of the Greek (R.V. has left). the multitudes.

    [153] Lit. commotion.

    [154] Or, abundance.

    [155] The last clause belongs in the Greek to verse 41.

    [156] Imperfect tense.

    [157] Lit. and it was for him.

    [158] cf. Syriac versions.

    [201] Lit. the ten cities.

    [202] See § 8, 17, note.

    [203] Lit. went forward to (cf. § 8, 17, note).

    [204] Lit. thrown away (cf. meanings of Syriac word).

    [205] § 34, 40, shows that this Arabic form may be so translated.

    [206] The word is occasionally used in this sense, but ordinarily means sound, unhurt.

    [207] From this point down to Matt. 10.27a, is assigned by Vat. ms. to Mark.

    [208] Borg. ms. reads, but what you are granted you will speak, and you will be given in, etc., and there seems to be a trace of this reading in Ciasca’s text.

    [209] See note to § 1, 78.

    [210] See note to § 9, 21.

    [211] Perhaps this Arabic word is a copyist’s error for that used a few lines further down in Luke 12.5, the Arabic words being very similar; but see note on § 1, 14.

    [212] Syriac.

    [213] The Vat. ms., like the Brit. Mus. text of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, omits for a farthing, retaining in a bond. The two phrases are simply different explanations of the same Syriac consonants. These are really the naturalised Greek word rendered farthing in Eng. version; but they also form a Syriac word meaning bond.

    [214] Or, soul.

    [215] Or, soul.

    [216] Or, receive.

    [217] Or, receive.

    [218] Or, agitated.

    [219] Lit. And his disciples told John, as in the Greek, etc.

    [220] A different word from that used in the preceding verse. It is either an Arabic copyist’s error for the word for deaf used in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, or a careless blunder.

    [221] Syriac. In Arabic the word ordinarily means believed.

    [222] See below, § 20, 28, note.

    [223] See § 1, 49, note.

    [224] The word used in the Syriac versions (Pesh. and Cur.) means garments as well as utensils, and the Arabic translator has chosen the wrong meaning (cf. § 42, 44).

    [225] Certain derivatives from the same root signify bind, but hardly this word.

    [226] The two Arab. mss. differ in this word, but the meaning is about the same. Perhaps both are corrupt.

    [227] Or, a tree evil.

    [228] Matt. 16.4; this is reckoned to verse 3 in the Greek

    [229] Accomplished may have arisen from taught by a transcriptional error (transposition of l and m) within the Arabic text. As it appears to occur in both mss., they would seem to have a common origin, which, however, can hardly have been the autograph of the translator.

    [230] A comparison with the Syriac text recommends this rendering.

    [231] Lit. sunk, a word the choice of which is explained by the Syriac.

    [232] Or, I.

    [233] Same word in Arabic.

    [234] Same word in Arabic.

    [235] The meaning is not apparent.

    [236] cf. Syriac versions.

    [237] The first letter of the word has been lost.

    [238] Lit. that, as often in this work.

    [239] Lit. powers.

    [240] The word as printed by Ciasca perhaps means gifts, but by dropping a point from the second letter we get the post-classical word given in the text above.

    [241] See below, § 20, 28, note.

    [242] The word translated devil in preceding verse.

    [243] This is an Arabic clerical error for forces. The Syriac word for power means also military forces, which was apparently rendered in Arabic army, a word that differs from race only in diacritical points

    [244] cf. Pesh. and A.V. margin.

    [245] Lit. that (cf. above, § 1, 50, note).

    [246] Or, his life; or, his soul.

    [247] This rendering assumes that tower is treated as feminine.

    [248] Or, it.

    [249] Or, a king like him.

    [250] Or, let.

    [251] See § 1, 49, note.

    [252] See note to § 10, 13.

    [253] The Arabic printed text gives no sense. A simple change in the diacritical points of one letter gives the reading of the Syriac versions, which is adopted here

    [254] cf. Peshitta (against Cur. and Sin.).

    [255] See above, § 1, 40, note 2.

    [256] Or, is seduced (cf. § 25, 17, note).

    [257] Or, while

    [258] Lit. fattens, as in Peshitta.

    [259] See above, § 4, 24, note.

    [260] The word (if not a corruption of that used in the Brit. Mus. text of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, and in § 43, 46 where, however, according to Ciasca’s foot-note, it was not the word first written by the scribe) is Syriac. Perhaps it means the ends of the earth (see P. Smith, Thes. Syr.). Still a third word is used in § 47, 42.

    [261] cf. § 11, 32, note.

    [262] Singular.

    [263] cf. note to § 10, 8.

    [264] Lit. powers.

    [265] cf. above, § 4, 24, note.

    [266] Of the Syriac versions Cur. and Sin. are wanting. Pesh. has Aramæan.

    [267] Lit. powers.

    [268] There can be little doubt that this is the meaning of the Arabic. There is nothing like it in the Peshitta; the Curetonian is of course lacking; but the phrase in the Sinaitic is very similar.

    [269] Here begins verse 8a in Greek.

    [270] Perhaps appointment (cf. Moesinger, p. 165; but Isho’dad [Harris, Fragments, p. 65] and the Brit. Mus. text of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary have the ordinary reading).

    [271] Or simply ask.

    [272] Or, to tell.

    [273] A misunderstanding or slavish reproduction of the Syriac. The Brit. Mus. text of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary has of Galilee, Tiberias.

    [274] cf. Syriac versions and margin of R.V.

    [275] Or, came.

    [276] cf. the addition in the Sinaitic Syriac.

    [277] Probably a mistaken rendering of the ordinary Syriac reading. <

    [278] considerably changed.

    [279] cf. Syriac versions.

    [280] Lit. fourth watch of the night [AH].

    [281] Lit. travelled.

    [282] Lit. from.

    [283] Strictly used of severe chronic disease.

    [284] cf. § 12, 13, and note to § 8, 17.

    [285] The word used at § 12, 35.

    [286] Or, revived, i.e., made to live.

    [287] Lit. on the border of.

    [288] Or, for the sake of.

    [289] Sic.

    [290] Lit. this.
    [291] Represents a mistaken vocalisation of the Peshitta.

    [292] Lit. equity; see above, § 3, 53, note.

    [293] i.e., therefore (see note, § 9, 21).

    [294] John 6.51b; in Ciasca’s text John 6.51b-71 are cited as 6.52-72. (See Introduction, 20, note.)and the bread which I will give is my body, which I give for the life of the world.

    [295] Or, eaten.

    [296] Or, drunk.

    [297] Lit. speech.

    [298] Or, did.

    [299] Or, was to.

    [300] Or, him.

    [301] cf. Peshitta.

    [302] i.e., were holding.

    [303] Or, custom, tradition; and so wherever the word occurs.

    [304] Sic.

    [305] The printed Arabic text has he receives and they, resulting from a misplacement of diacritical points by an Arabic copyist.

    [306] The printed Arabic text has he receives and they, resulting from a misplacement of diacritical points by an Arabic copyist.

    [307] The printed Arabic text has he receives and they, resulting from a misplacement of diacritical points by an Arabic copyist.

    [308] Here begins verse 9 in Greek.

    [309] The Syriac word for injure also means reject, deny.

    [310] Sic.

    [311] The Arabic word is here used with a Syriac meaning.

    [312] This clause in the Peshitta is not very clear, and the Arabic version fails to get from it the meaning of the Greek.

    [313] Or, From within, from.

    [314] Or, about him.

    [315] Or, the devil.

    [316] e.g. the sixth hour, lit. six hours (cf. Syr.).

    [317] For the form cf. below, § 34, 40.

    [318] Or, was speaking.

    [319] But see note to § 7, 38.

    [320] The text is uncertain.

    [321] Or, come beforehand.

    [322] So in the Arabic, contrary to the usual practice of this writer (cf. § 6, 19).

    [323] Lit. [I am willing] to cleanse.

    [324] This phrase does not occur in the Syriac versions (Cur. wanting), but is obviously a Syriac construction.

    [325] Or, baptism. The phrase almost exactly reproduces the Syriac versions.

    [326] Or, baptism. The phrase almost exactly reproduces the Syriac versions.

    [327] Or, learned.

    [328] Vat. ms. has he.

    [329] Borg. ms. reads his person.

    [330] Borg. ms. reads his person.

    [331] Lit. that; or, Truly.

    [332] So Ciasca’s Arabic text. Borg. ms. has If I, and instead of and so, etc., simply a witness which is not true, etc.; but its text of the next sentence is quite corrupt.

    [333] So Ciasca’s Arabic text. Borg. ms. has If I, and instead of and so, etc., simply a witness which is not true, etc.; but its text of the next sentence is quite corrupt.

    [334] Or, be saved.

    [335] Or, that (man).

    [336] Lit., glory [AH].

    [337] Were it not also in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary (Brit. Mus. text) we should assume now to be a corruption of an original Arabic reading, for a season (cf. Syr.).

    [338] This word (often used by our translator) means in Syriac (transposed) believe, think, hope (cf. § 8, 8, note).

    [339] This word (often used by our translator) means in Syriac (transposed) believe, think, hope (cf. § 8, 8, note).

    [400] Arabic Magadu, as in Peshitta.

    [401] cf. § 11, 32, note.

    [402] The change of a single letter in the Arabic would turn not even into except; but Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary (Brit. Mus. text) also has not even.

    [403] Lit. What. See note to § 7, 38.

    [404] Or, concerning.

    [405] The Peshitta also omits on him.

    [406] An intransitive word.

    [407] Or, his disciples being alone. There is no such clause in the Syriac versions (Pesh., Sin.).

    [408] The Arabic, which reappears in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary (Brit. Mus. text), and seems to represent the consonantal text of the Peshitta, is awkward. § 23, 34 (Arabic), shows, however, that the rendering given in the text is the meaning intended by the translator.

    [409] Same Arabic word in both places. See note to § 5, 11.

    [410] The word is freely used in this work in the post-classical sense of about to.

    [411] The Arabic might perhaps be construed and to speak, depending on began in § 23, 40; but the clause agrees with the Sinaitic of Mark, as does the following. plainly.

    [412] Or, lose.

    [413] Or, self; or, soul.

    [414] Or, self; or, soul.

    [415] See § 23, 40, note.

    [416] i.e., already come.

    [417] Or, become white. In the Pesh. the verb is transitive. In Sin. the clause is omitted.

    [418] This rendering assumes that the diacritical point is due to a clerical error. The text as printed can hardly be translated without forcing.

    [419] This Arabic word repeatedly represents a Syriac ran (cf. § 53, 11). A different word is so used in § 26, 21.

    [420] The Syriac word used in the Peshitta is here translated just as it was translated in § 1, 79 (see note); but the Greek shows that in the present passage the Syriac word means go about (cf. Cur.).

    [421] Lit. The son-of-the-roof, a Syriac phrase meaning a demon of lunacy.

    [422] A word used in Arabic of the devil producing insanity; but here it reproduces the Peshitta

    [423] Lit. becomes light; but a comparison with the Peshitta suggests that we should change one diacritical point and read withers, as in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary. An equally easy emendation would be wastes.

    [424] In Syriac, but not in Arabic, the word means deaf or mute, according to the context.

    [425] Ciasca’s Arabic follows Vat. ms. in inserting a that (pronoun) after you.

    [426] Doubtless alternative renderings of the same Syriac word (demon).

    [427] Lit. between themselves and him.

    [428] Or, about him.

    [429] Borg. ms. omits among them.

    [430] Lit. one (Syriac idiom).

    [431] In the present work this word frequently means synagogue.

    [432] Lit. millstone of an ass.

    [433] i.e., experiences that test one; or, seductions. The word is variously used.

    [434] Or, is kindled.

    [435] See note to § 25, 17.

    [436] So the Arabic; but the Syriac versions follow the Greek, and consent is doubtless a (very easy, and, in view of the succeeding context, natural) clerical error for an original Arabic charge.

    [437] Or, leaves.

    [438] Lit. blame, a mistranslation (found also in the Brit. Mus. text of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary) of the Syriac word, which is ambiguous (cf. even the Greek). For a somewhat similar case see § 50, 11, note.

    [439] Lit. wombs.

    [440] Strictly, preferreth, but used also as in the text.

    [441] This word is regularly used throughout this work in this sense.

    [442] See above, § 24, 26, note.

    [443] Did not Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary (Brit. Mus. text) also read breast, we might assume it to be a clerical error for a very similar (less common) word (same as the Syriac) for neck.

    [444] A different word.

    [445] cf. Peshitta.

    [446] One word.

    [447] Vat. ms. (followed by Ciasca’s text) has and if I beg, by a common confusion of grammatical forms.

    [448] Or (otherwise vocalised), farks, a measure variously estimated. of oil.

    [449] Or (otherwise vocalised), farks, a measure variously estimated.

    [450] cf. Peshitta.

    [451] Lit. administrator of sin.

    [452] Lit. injustice.

    [453] Or, intrusted with.

    [454] Or, true (wealth); but cf. Syriac

    [455] Lit. badras, an amount variously estimated.

    [456] Lit. dinars.

    [457] The interrogative particle is lacking in the Arabic.

    [458] Or, folly.

    [459] Or, for.

    [460] This word usually means synagogue in this work.

    [461] Or, heathen.

    [462] Or, to ask everything, it will.

    [463] So Vat. ms., following the Syriac versions; Borg. ms. has only one seven.


    [465] Lit. beforehand; and so often.

    [466] Or, repeating a letter, See that you despise not.

    [467] Borg. ms. omits now.

    [468] See note, § 10, 13.

    [469] Lit. great man).

    [470] Lit. calumniator.

    [471] cf. Syriac versions.

    [472] On margin of Vat. ms., in another hand: “This is the beginning of the second part of Diatessaron, which means The Four.” See p. 467 of Ciasca’s Essay, mentioned above (Introduction, 5).

    [473] Or, the scripture.

    [474] This word ordinarily means knowledge, but is used in this work in the sense of doctrine. The commoner form occurs perhaps only in § 50, 2.

    [475] cf. § 14, 12.

    [476] Or, will be.

    [477] From Matthew.

    [478] From Luke.

    [479] The scribe who wrote the Vat. ms. wrote first God, the one, and then reversed the order by writing the Coptic letters for B and A over the words. (See above, Introduction, 5.)

    [480] Different words.

    [481] The same word as Mark 10.19.

    [482] From Mark.

    [483] cf. note, § 1, 14. Borg. MS, omits being agitated.

    [484] Luke 18.28; Matt. 19.27<b.
    [485] Lit. meet with; or, be recompensed with.

    [486] The Arabic words are not so strong.

    [487] Or, so that.

    [488] Or, and.

    [489] The Syriac and Arabic versions here agree with the Greek. For a plausible suggestion as to the origin of the strange reading in the text, see Harris, The Diatessaron of Tatian, p. 21, who cites a parallel from Aphraates.

    [490] This may be simply a corruption of the Peshitta.

    [491] Or, Surely. The word is omitted by Borg. ms.

    [492] Lit. the sixth and ninth hours [AH].

    [493] Lit. the eleventh hour [AH].

    [494] i.e., probably the eleventh hour {five, p.m. [AH]}. (cf. § 21, 10)

    [495] Lit. my thing.

    [496] Lit. at your rising and taking.

    [497] Practically synonymous words.

    [498] Borg. ms., is like.

    [499] Used specially of a marriage feast.

    [500] Lit. bread, the Syriac word for which (not that in the versions) means also feast.

    [501] Or, omit.

    [502] Lit. partings of the ways [AH].

    [503] Or, that my house may be.

    [504] Or, saved you.

    [505] Lit. between himself and them.

    [506] i.e., Gentiles.

    [507] An obscure expression; perhaps it was originally a repetition of the preceding clause. It might be emended into point at him (the finger of scorn).

    [508] Lit. of course the two of them, and so all through the conversation.

    [509] Lit. advanced.

    [510] Lit. find, like the Syriac.

    [511] This rendering requires the omission of the diacritical point over the middle radical. The text as printed means perish.

    [512] cf. the extract from Isho’dad (Harris, Fragments, p. 19).

    [513] A diacritical point must be restored to the second letter of this word. As it stands it gives no sense.

    [514] Lit. the.

    [515] cf. Matt. 20.33, Luke 18.41, both in Curetonian.

    [516] Lit. saw.

    [517] Or, near.

    [518] Doubtless a misinterpretation of the Syriac.

    [519] Or, if.

    [520] Lit. house of the offering of God, as in the ms. described by Gildemeister (at Luke 21.4); but it is simply a reproduction of the phrase used in the Peshitta at Luke 21.3. The parallel passages are a good deal fused together.

    [521] Lit. between him and himself.

    [522] Or, gains.

    [523] Lit. one (Syriac).

    [524] Lit. and it.

    [525] Or the teacher of.

    [526] The Arabic particle means in order that. Perhaps it is a clerical error for so that; or it may be meant to represent the Syriac.

    [527] The translator has followed too closely the order of words in his Syriac original, which agrees with the Text. Rec.

    [528] Syr.

    [529] The Syriac word.

    [530] Lit. Increase us in.

    [531] Or, But.

    [532] Verse 26 begins here in the Greek.

    [533] From Mark.

    [534] cf. Syriac.

    [535] Luke 20.9b.

    [536] The difference between singular and plural is very slight in Arabic.

    [537] Lit. property.

    [538] A word used specially of wounding the head.

    [539] cf. Syriac versions.

    [600] Vat. ms. omits the power. We should then translate (with Pesh. and Sin.) to judgment.

    [601] See note, § 3, 53.

    [602] Possibly this is the meaning of the Arabic phrase, which occurs also in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary (Brit. Mus. text).

    [603] cf. the Syriac versions.

    [604] cf. the Syriac versions.

    [605] Or, will.

    [606] Borg. ms., all of them instead of but they.

    [607] Or, Moreover, regarding.

    [608] This simply represents first in Syriac.

    [609] Vat. ms. has a corruption of Excellent! Rabbi, better preserved by Borg. ms., which, however, adds our translator’s ordinary rendering of Rabbi-my Master. This explanation is confirmed by Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary. Ciasca’s emended text cannot be right.

    [610] Lit. savors.

    [611] The diacritical point over the third radical must be removed.

    [612] cf. Peshitta.

    [613] Ciasca’s Arabic text (apparently following Borg. ms.) has till he before came. This is unsupported by any of the three Syriac texts, although they differ from one another. Perhaps till and came should be transposed. The translation would then be as given in the text above; but this rendering may also be obtained according to § 54, 1, note.

    [614] The Syriac word used means both wounds and blows.

    [615] The Arabic word is a favorite of the translator’s, and may therefore be original. One cannot help thinking, however, that it is a clerical error for mounting (cf. Cur. and Sin.).

    [616] In Syriac could and found are represented by the same word. The Arabic translator has chosen the wrong one.

    [617] See note, § 11, 11.

    [618] See note above, on § 34, 46.

    [619] i.e., Gentiles.

    [620] Borg. ms. has an adulteress, mistaking the less common Arabic word for a clerical error.

    [621] Different words are used in the Arabic; so in the Greek, but not in the Peshitta. Sin. and Cur. are wanting.

    [622] Lit. backbiter.

    [623] This is probably simply a clerical error for the ordinary reading, why have you not believed me? The Arabic words why and not having the same consonants, one of them was purposely or accidentally omitted by a copyist.

    [624] cf. Peshitta. The Sinaitic omits our.

    [625] The Vat. ms. has took him, probably omitting stones, though Ciasca does not say so. Take is probably a copyist’s error (change in diacritical paints) for took.

    [626] reckoned to verse 59 in the Greek.

    [627] A different word in Arabic from that used in verses 1 and 6.

    [628] The Vat. ms. has that we may see the works of God in him. By the addition of a diacritical point this would give the same sense as in the text above, and more grammatically.

    [629] The Arabic word properly means baptism. The Syriac has both meanings.

    [630] Lit. Shiloha, as in Syriac.

    [631] Lit. saw.

    [632] An easy clerical error for Some.

    [633] Lit. them, whether this be.

    [634] Or, why (cf. note, § 7, 38).

    [635] Disciples is probably simply a misprint in Ciasca’s text

    [636] Or, is permanent.

    [637] Or, to him.

    [638] A different word (lit. rams) from that used in the other verses; so in Peshitta (cf. Sin., which, however, differs somewhat); cf. also § 54, 40 f., note.

    [639] A different word (lit. rams) from that used in the other verses; so in Peshitta (cf. Sin., which, however, differs somewhat); cf. also § 54, 40 f., note.

    [640] Or, best thing. Vat. ms. omits from but I came.

    [641] Or, his life.

    [642] cf. note to § 37, 6.

    [643] Or, to snatch…and scatter.

    [644] Or, my life.

    [645] Lit. epilepsy.

    [646] cf. § 37, 6.

    [647] cf. § 37, 6.

    [648] Or, hand; but probably dual (cf. Syr.).

    [649] So Peshitta; but Sin. the. Borg. ms. omits the hand of.

    [650] Lit. which deed.

    [651] cf. Peshitta.

    [652] This in could more easily arise as a clerical error (repetition) in the Syriac text.

    [653] So Ciasca’s text, following Vat. ms. But this is probably a clerical error for the reading of Borg. ms., which omits you.

    [654] cf. Peshitta.

    [655] The Syriac word for Twin.

    [656] Arabic mil, a somewhat indefinite distance.

    [657] This is the Syriac word (cf. the versions, and below, § 44, 44; see also Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, ad loc).

    [658] So in Syriac versions.

    [659] Borg. ms. omits some time: he has been.

    [660] So both mss.; but the Vat. ms. had originally a reading equivalent to the text above with of omitted.

    [661] The Arabic word as printed (following Vat. ms.) means a place for monks to live in, but we should certainly restore a diacritical point over the last letter, and thus obtain another Syriac loan-word (that used here in the Peshitta), meaning town. See also Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, ad loc.

    [662] The present Arabic reading in going could pretty easily arise from that assumed in the translation above.

    [663] This and the following verb are singular in the printed Arabic (against the versions), although Ciasca renders them plural. A copyist using a carelessly written Arabic exemplar might conceivably overlook the plural terminations. Besides, they are often omitted in Syriac mss.

    [664] cf. note, § 1, 40.

    [665] Lit. his body.

    [666] cf. the Greek phrase.

    [667] Lit. he made (cf. first note to § 38, 43, last sentence).

    [668] Lit. fell (cf. § 25, 18).

    [669] Or, spoke angrily to.

    [670] Lit. tossed, as in Greek.

    [671] Sic. which no man ever yet mounted:

    [672] Dual in Arabic.

    [673] The Syriac versions have the.

    [674] Or, and, Blessed.

    [675] The Arabic has to, but it probably represents the Syriac text with the meaning given above.

    [676] Lit. the heart (or, pith) of the palm. The word pith, which occurs also in the æhiopic version (Ezek. 27.25; Jubilees, ch. 16) and in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s exposition, though not in the Brit. Mus. gospel text, is perhaps used here of the inner branches from its resemblance to the post-biblical Hebrew word employed in accounts of the Feast of Tabernacles.

    [677] Lit. are found, a rendering due to the Syriac.

    [678] So Ciasca’s text, following Vat. ms. The other ms. has drag, which by restoring a diacritical point to the third radical would give destroy, the reading of the Syriac versions. Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary has hide.

    [679] Or, soul; or, self.

    [680] i.e., used to come.

    [681] Or, touch.

    [682] The Syriac word means on the pretext of as well as because of (cf. § 50, 11, note).

    [683] This word is not spelled in the ordinary way. Doubtless we should supply two diacritical points and read, with the Syriac versions, My master.

    [684] cf. Peshitta.

    [685] Syriac, same as in § 40, 35; Arabic different. of your prolonging your prayers:

    [686] Adopting the reading of Borg. ms. (cf. next verse).

    [687] Perhaps this reading is due to the easy confusion of d and r in Syriac; but it might also conceivably be a corruption of the Arabic word in the next clause. It occurs also in the text of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary.

    [688] Doubtless the Arabic word should be read as a monosyllable, as in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary.

    [689] See § 10, 13.

    [690] The Arabic word as printed gives no suitable sense. Either the last radical has been omitted, or the last two radicals have exchanged places.

    [691] Lit. are seen.

    [692] Greek adds as well [AH].

    [693] Or, touch.

    [694] Lit. boundary or limit.

    [695] cf. 8, 34.

    [696] Or, earth.

    [697] Or, sanctuary.

    [698] See § 1, 49, note.

    [699] Lit. become.

    [700] The text as it stands ought to mean I am a light. I am come; but it is a word-for-word reproduction of the Peshitta, and should therefore doubtless be rendered as above.

    [701] Or, to save the world (cf. § 1, 78, note).

    [702] See § 20, 28, note.

    [703] Not the same word.

    [704] So Ciasca, following Vat. ms. The true reading, however, is probably that underlying the Borg. ms. If we restore diacritical points to the radical letters we get deceiving (cf. § 41, 31), an alternative meaning (or the word laying wait for, used in the Peshitta. The Arabic follows the Peshitta very closely in this and the following verse.

    [705] Hogg’s more literal rendition gives this as . “Heart” in Semitic idiom includes what moderns attribute to the mind So also in the next line. The insertions reflect the fact that I presume Hogg is literally following the Arabic in the subject (They). In the Hebrew, of course, followed by the Greek, the subject is God (who blinds and darkens the Israelite eyes and hearts). [AH].

    [706] Or, and showed.

    [707] Lit. before two days would be (cf. Sin. and above, § 39, 1, note).

    [708] cf. § 41, 16, note.

    [709] Or, that you be, if we suppose the present text to have resulted from the loss of the second of two alifs.

    [710] Or, omit that.

    [711] The Arabic text lacks a letter.

    [712] Borg. ms. reads you the fruits of wisdom.

    [713] See § 25, 17, note.

    [714] Or, possess.

    [715] So the Arabic text; but it doubtless simply represents the Syriac, which here agrees with the Greek.

    [716] So the Arabic text; but it doubtless simply represents the Syriac, which here agrees with the Greek.

    [717] So Vat. ms., following the Peshitta. Ciasca follows Borg. ms., which by a change of diacritical points has the hardly grammatical reading, see that it is the desolation, the unclean thing spoken of. Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary supports Vat. ms.

    [718] This word has a Syriac meaning given to it. In Arabic it means war.

    [719] cf. § 16, 2.

    [720] Same Arabic (and Syriac) word as in § 41, 50.

    [721] So the Borg. ms. The Vat. ms., followed by Ciasca, has grief.

    [722] Lit. the end of heaven to its end.

    [723] Or, deliverance.

    [724] cf. Peshitta, which text the translator seems to have misread.

    [725] cf. Peshitta.

    [726] cf. § 9, 21.

    [727] Of course, Hogg, with the King James has eagles here. Although the Greek is the usual word for “eagle” (so I assume that the Arabic is as well), the context clearly requires a carrion bird, so most modern scholars assume that “vulture” is the bird intended (a large eagle-looking bird). It is a mistake to assume that the ancients were as careful about distinguishing species as we generally are [AH].

    [728] Lit. during what watch [AH].

    [729] Borg. ms. omits Luke 12.42a.

    [730] i.e., the steward.

    [731] Borg. ms. has trusted and faithful. Doubtless we should supply diacritical points to the reading of Vat. ms., and translate trusted and wise. Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, however, has both and wise and the word translated with control, used in a different sense.

    [732] See § 10, 17, and § 4, 24, note.

    [733] cf. § 27, 2, note.

    [734] A Persian word. The Vat. ms. omits it.

    [735] Lit. table (cf. Peshitta).

    [736] cf. Peshitta (and Greek).

    [737] Or, and sets; but the Peshitta confirms the rendering given above.

    [738] cf. § 17, 17, note.

    [739] Perfect tenses, as in Peshitta.

    [740] Borg. ms., the Lord Jesus.

    [741] Probably the letter that stands for and should be repeated, and the phrase rendered and appointed.

    [742] So Vat. ms. (following Peshitta) and Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary. Borg. ms., followed by Ciasca, has dirhams of money.

    [743] Lit. became responsible to. Syriac versions as in text above (cf. § 44, 33).

    [744] The Arabic (lit. a stumbling or a cause of stumbling) doubtless represents the Syriac.

    [745] The Arabic word means swims. The Syriac versions have is bathed, which Borg. ms. misreads bathed, and Vat. ms. (followed by Ciasca) corrupts into bathes, rendering it swims.

    [746] Or, This my saying.

    [747] cf. § 44, 9, note.

    [748] Vat. ms. has the word day on the margin, added by a late hand.

    [749] The misprint in the Arabic text has been overlooked in the list of Corrigenda.

    [750] Or, killing.

    [751] The Syriac word is retained. In Arabic it properly means become strong or proud (cf. § 38, 17).

    [800] The Syriac versions have reclining.

    [801] Lit. fell.

    [802] A simple change of diacritical points would give the reading of the Greek and of the Syriac versions.

    [803] Peshitta adds it. The reading of the Sinaitic is doubtful.

    [804] Past tense in Syriac versions.

    [805] We may translate, with the Syriac versions, that your faith fail not, only if we assign a somewhat Syriac meaning to the verb, and assume either an error in diacritical points (t for y) or an unusual (Syriac) gender for faith.

    [806] cf. Syriac versions.

    [807] The Arabic word is not unlike the word for stumble, and Borg. ms. omits me.

    [808] Vat. ms. omits this night.

    [809] Or, went on saying.

    [810] Lit. end in. Or, if I come to (the point of).

    [811] The diacritical points in both Vat. (followed by Ciasca) and Borg. mss. appear to demand a rendering inquire for be troubled. In Ibn-at-Tayyib’s comments (not the text), however (with other points), we have the meaning wail (root nhb). Every Syriac version uses a different word.

    [812] Or, ranks.

    [813] Or, should tell.

    [814] Probably the Arabic represents a Syriac For I.

    [815] Different words.

    [816] cf. Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary (f. 352a) and order of words in Peshitta (not Sin.).

    [817] Lit. have known.

    [818] Different forms, as in Peshitta.

    [819] More exactly, have you not come to know.

    [820] Different forms, as in Peshitta.

    [821] The Borg. ms. has me clearly (cf. Peshitta). The Vat. ms. is ambiguous.

    [822] Probably a misreading of the Peshitta (not Sin. or Cur.), since the next clause also agrees with it.

    [823] Lit. the (cf. Syriac versions).

    [824] This word is quite unlike that used in § 45, 29.

    [825] The Syriac form of the introductory particle is wrongly used, for in Arabic it has interrogative force.

    [826] The first letter of the Arabic word has lost its diacritical point.

    [827] A possible rendering of the Syriac he was reckoned.

    [828] The verbs may be active or passive, but are singular (cf. § 38, 43, note).

    [829] Two words from the same root.

    [830] Different words.

    [831] Or, will and will, respectively.

    [832] Or, have commanded.

    [833] cf. § 8, 34, note.

    [834] cf. § 8, 34, note.

    [835] The Arabic text (Vat.) is grammatically inaccurate, and the Borg. ms. has know not.

    [836] Lit. sway (as one does in dozing).

    [837] Or, the, as in Borg. ms.

    [838] In the Greek and English verse 5 begins at But.

    [839] In the Greek and English verse 5 begins at But.

    [840] Or, best.

    [841] Lit. that (cf. Peshitta).

    [842] Or perhaps receive (them). Possibly a Syriac d has been read r. But Ibn-at-Tayyib in the text of his Commentary (f. 357a) has a word which perhaps might be rendered accommodate yourselves (to them) (same letters, but last two transposed), while his comment (f. 357b) gives you cannot bear it.

    [843] Or, And.

    [844] The Syriac words for remind and lead differ only in the length of a single stroke. Ibn-at-Tayyib (ibid. f. 357b) almost seems to have read illumine you with, although he calls attention to the “Greek” reading.

    [845] Same tense.

    [846] Not quite the usual formula [in Arabic], there being here no article.

    [847] The Arabic might also be rendered be turned, but the Syriac is intransitive.

    [848] Not quite the usual formula, there being here no article (cf. also § 47, 5).

    [849] Not the usual word for proverb or parable (cf. Syriac versions).

    [850] So Vat. ms. and Peshitta. The Borg. ms., followed by Ciasca, has and a time when.

    [851] cf. Peshitta.

    [852] Lit. it or him.

    [853] In the Borg. ms. the sentence begins with that they might, the preceding clause being omitted.

    [854] Quotation marks are always interpretive. I have taken the Jesus the Messiah out of the quotation, not because I think it does not belong there, but I suspect that it is a parenthetical clarification by the first author (John, in this case). This assumption works better in the Greek and Peshitta than in the Arabic. See the next note [AH].

    [855] The above is perhaps the most natural rendering of the Arabic; but the latter is really only an awkward word-for-word reproduction of the Peshitta, which means know you, who alone are the God of truth, and him whom you sent, (even) Jesus the Messiah.

    [856] So Ciasca’s text. The Vat. ms. has I, with the Peshitta and probably Sinaitic.

    [857] So in Sinaitic. The Peshitta omits My.

    [858] Vat. ms. has as.

    [859] cf. Peshitta, as pointed in the editions.

    [860] cf. § 17, 17, note

    [861] The Arabic as it stands should mean My Father is righteous; but it is simply the ordinary Syriac reading, and is so rendered above.

    [862] Or perhaps may.

    [863] Vat. ms. has and on.

    [864] The word rendered plain (cf. Dozy, Supplement, sub voc.), which occurs also in the text of Ibn-at-Tayyib (loc. cit., f. 362b), properly means lake. The word in the Jerusalem Lectionary means valley as well as stream. For the whole clause cf. the text of John 18. in Die vier Evangelien, arabisch, aus der Wiener Handschrift, edited by P. de Lagarde, 1864.

    [865] cf. Sinaitic Syriac.

    [866] Lit. fell on his knees.

    [867] Lit. let this hour pass. The Borg. ms. omits him. him.

    [868] Lit. diseased. The Arabic word is rare in the sense required by the context (cf. Pesh.).

    [869] This reading would perhaps more easily arise out of the Sinaitic than out of the Peshitta.

    [870] cf. Peshitta. Or, And although he was afraid.

    [871] The Peshitta (hardly Cur.) is capable of this interpretation.

    [872] cf. Syr., especially Peshitta.

    [873] cf. Syr., especially Peshitta.

    [874] cf. § 4, 20, note.

    [875] cf. John 18.3 (Jerusalem Lectionary). In Syriac Romans means soldiers. The Arabic foot soldiers might be man (singular).

    [876] cf. Syriac versions. Obviously we must supply a diacritical point over the last radical, or read the middle one as dhal.

    [877] Lit. him to -. Borg. ms. probably means bear him away.

    [878] With is doubtless an accidental repetition of by (the same Arabic particle) in the next clause.

    [879] The introductory interrogative particle may represent an original Or.

    [880] Vat. ms. omits than, and has more only in the margin by another hand.

    [881] The phrase is awkward. The rendering is different in the text (f. 292a, cf. Lagarde, Die vier Evv.), and yet again in the comment (f. 293a) of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary. [The Greek is not hugely helpful. The NRSV reads “No more of this!” here -AH]

    [882] cf. § 11, 11.

    [883] Lit. one.

    [884] cf. § 6, 40, note.

    [885] Peshitta, spoke; Sin. omits the verse; Cur. lacking.

    [886] See § 9, 7, note.

    [887] Borg. ms. has the evil.

    [888] This is an alternative meaning of the Syriac word affirmed, used in the Peshitta.

    [889] cf. Sinaitic (Curetonian wanting). Vat. ms., which Ciasca follows, adds him or it.

    [890] Borg. ms., by adding diacritical points, gets asserted.

    [891] Syriac order, but not in agreement with the versions.

    [892] Vat. ms. has anything, when these.

    [893] The word usually means synagogue in this work.

    [894] The foreign word used in the Peshitta is preserved. The Sinaitic uses a Syriac word meaning garment.

    [895] See § 9, 7, note.

    [896] See § 7, 17, note.

    [897] cf. Luke 23.1a.

    [898] cf. Matt. 27.2; Mark 15.1.

    [899] Arabic, diwdn.

    [900] Lit. plea.

    [901] See § 4, 24, note.

    [902] The Syriac word.

    [903] Or, led astray (cf. § 25, 17, note).

    [904] cf. Syriac versions.

    [905] Same word as in § 10, 16 (see note there).

    [906] Lit. and there was.

    [907] The Arabic word may also, like the Syriac, mean thing, but hardly, as that does here, fault or crime. The Vat. ms., pointing differently, reads thing. The same confusion occurs at § 40, 35 (cf. a converse case in § 25, 40).

    [908] So Ciasca’s text, following the Borg. ms. The Vat. ms. has plotted, which is nearer the Syriac accuse.

    [909] See § 3, 12, note.

    [910] Ciasca’s text, following the Vat. ms., has disorder. Borg. ms. has division (cf. heresies, Curetonian of § 50, 37), which by addition of a diacritical point gives sedition; cf. § 50, 37 (Ciasca, following Vat. ms.), and Peshitta (both places).

    [911] Our translator has retained the Syriac word, which in this context means fault (see § 50, 11, note).

    [912] The word used in Vat ms. means a repeated charge or attack. That in Borg. ms. is probably used in the post-classical sense of importuning him. Either word might be written by a copyist for the other. The same double reading probably occurs again at § 53, 55.

    [913] cf. Syriac versions.

    [914] This may be a mere clerical error (very natural in Arabic) for scoffed at, the reading of the Syriac versions. This being so, it is worthy of remark that the reading is apparently common to the two mss. The Syriac words are, however, also somewhat similar. The Jerusalem Lectionary has a word agreeing with the text above.

    [915] Lit. Peace.

    [916] This reading may be a corruption of a very literal rendering of the Peshitta.

    [917] cf. § 50, 11.

    [918] cf. § 11, 11, note.

    [919] Borg. ms., Why speak; a reading that might be a corruption of the Peshitta.

    [920] Lit. even one (Pesh.).

    [921] Lit. six hours.

    [922] Or, that.

    [923] cf. Peshitta. Or, You know (cf. Sinaitic).

    [924] Borg. ms. omits and he went away.

    [925] Lit. strangled.

    [926] cf. § 32, 15, note.

    [927] Or, at that (time).

    [928] Lit. being burned. The text is probably corrupt.

    [929] Lit. wood (cf. Syr. and Greek).

    [930] Or, others, malefactors.

    [931] A different word from that in the preceding verse; in each case, the word used in the Peshitta (Cur. and Sin. lacking).

    [932] The Syriac words, retained in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary (f. 366a), seem to have been transposed. Vat. ms. omits he, probably meaning but that he said.

    [933] In a carelessly written Arabic ms. there is almost no difference between has been written and I have written, as it is in Ibn-at-Tayyib (loc. cit., f. 366a).
    [934] cf. § 7, 17, note. Borg. ms. has jesting at.

    [935] The Arabic text has deriding (cf. § 51, 37). Either with is accidentally omitted, or, more probably, we should correct the spelling to shaking (cf. Syriac versions).

    [936] Verse 37 or Mt.

    [937] Borg. ms. has boys (an easy clerical error).

    [938] our actions might be read we have done, and perhaps our translator’s style would justify our writing as for to.

    [939] Truly 36043604 Borg. ms. has Truly, truly

    [940] A single word in Arabic.

    [941] Vat. ms. has and Mary.

    [942] Lit six hours and nine hours respectively.

    [944] In Vat. ms. the second word is like the first. The syllable Ya doubtless is the Arabic interjection O!.

    [945] The Borg. ms. omits from which to me.

    [946] Borg. ms. omits when they, and has and said.

    [947] cf. § 12, 13, note.

    [948] Or, Let us.

    [949] Lit. lay down.

    [950] cf. Syriac versions and Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary. Vat. ms. omits the face of.

    [951] This sentence is a good example of word-for-word translation of the Peshitta.

    [952] The word is probably plural.

    [953] Lit. ripped.

    [954] Borg. ms. omits.

    [955] Syriac versions.

    [956] Lit. the.

    [957] The preparation used in embalming.

    [958] Lit. a stone.

    [959] On the plural, which is to be found also in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, see § 38, 43, note (end). The word chosen might be simply a clerical error for an original Arabic rolled.

    [960] Lit. thrown (cf. Sinaitic).

    [961] Dual. The clause (from came) is found verbatim in Sin. and Cur. at Luke 23.55. Here, after the word Luke of the reference, at the end of leaf 117 of Vat. ms., is a note by a later hand: “Here a leaf is wanting.” This second and last lacuna extends from § 52, 37, to § 53, 4.

    [962] cf. Sinaitic.

    [963] The two Arabic words are practically synonymous (cf. Luke 23.56, Pesh.).

    [964] The ms. omits the tomb.

    [965] Lit. three days.

    [966] The word might be taken as a collective noun, singular. But cf. Peshitta and § 52, 51.

    [967] cf. Peshitta. The Arabic word is variously explained.

    [968] The diacritical points of the first letter must be corrected.

    [969] The Borg. ms. indicates the beginning of the sections, not by titles, but by “vittas ampliusculas auroque oblinitas” (Ciasca, Introduction). Ciasca indicates in the Corrigenda, opposite p. 210 of the Arabic text, where this section should begin.

    [970] Possibly the translator’s style would warrant the translation as.

    [971] Lit. hurried and preceded.

    [972] Probably an Arabic copyist’s emendation (addition of alif) for stood.

    [973] cf., § 10, 16.

    [974] cf. § 12, 13.

    [975] The Vat. ms. has a form that is distinctively plural. The Borg. ms. uses, with a plural adjective, the form found in § 52, 43. In the next verse the relation of the mss. is reversed.

    [976] The word first is less correctly spelled in Borg. ms.

    [977] The Vat. ms. omits women and to inform his disciples.

    [978] Informis dual and masc. in the ms., while the other verbs and pronouns are plural and feminine.

    [979] The Vat. ms. omits women and to inform his disciples.

    [980] Lit. sixty furlongs [AH].

    [981] Lit. mils.

    [982] Borg. ms.,

    [983] Borg. ms. omits all.

    [984] Masc. Plural.

    [985] cf. § 50, 36, note.

    [986] Vat. ms. omits this clause.

    [987] Gk.: burning [AH].

    [988] The Arabic word after together looks as if it might be due to a misreading of the Syriac, but it is probably a usage cited by Dozy, Supplément, etc., i., 247.

    [989] Borg. ms. has sides.

    [990] Borg. ms. omits and of honey.

    [991] Vat. ms.,for.

    [992] Borg. ms. omits it is necessary.

    [993] cf. Peshitta.

    [994] Apparently the Vat. ms. means to translate the word. The Borg. ms. retains Tama, as both mss. did in § 37, 61.

    [995] So Peshitta. Vat. ms. has a form that might possibly be a corruption of take.

    [996] Or, .

    [997] Vat. ms. adds to Jesus.

    [998] two hundred cubits. [AH].

    [999] Lit. rams.

    [1000] Lit. ewes. For the three words cf. Peshitta and Sinaitic.

    [1001] cf. § 45, 3, note.

    [1002] Lit. of him.

    [1003] Vat. ms. omits to the mountain.

    [1004] Or, make disciples of.

    [1005] Not the usual word, although that is used in the Peshitta.

    [1006] The Arabic translator renders it the poison of death.

    [1007] cf. Peshitta.

    [1008] In the Borg. ms. the text ends on folio 353a. On folios 354a-355a are found the genealogies, with the title, Book of the Generation of Jesus, that of Luke following that of Matthew without any break. Ciasca has told us nothing of the nature of the text. The Subscription follows on folio 355b.

    [1009] See note 1 to Introductory Note in Borg. ms. (above, p. 42).

    [1010] ms., by misplacing the diacritical signs, has Ghobasi.

    [1011] The ms. has Mottayyib; but Ciasca, in an additional note inserted after the volume was printed, gives the correct form.

    [1012] The Arabic text of this Subscription is given by Ciasca in his essay, De Tatiani Diatessaron arabica Versione, in I. B. Pitra’s Analecta Sacra, tom. iv., p. 466.

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