Another explanation: Thine Ointments have a goodly
fragrance [SoS 1:3]. Rabbi Aha said in the name of Rabbi Tanhum b.
Rabbi Hiyya: The reference is to the two oils of anointment -- the oil
of priesthood and the oil of kingship. The Rabbis say: The reference is
to the two Torahs, the written Torah and the oral Torah. Rabbi Judan
said: Thy name is ointment poured forth:[
SoS 1:3] Thy name is magnified by everyone who busies himself
with the oil of the Torah. This is the opinion of Rabbi Judan who
explained: And the yoke shall be destroyed by reason of the oil
[ Isa. 10:27], to mean that the yoke of Sennacherib would be destroyed
because of Hezekiah and his followers who busied themselves with the oil
of the Torah. Another explanation: Thy name is oil poured
forth: Just as oil is in its original form bitter but afterwards
becomes sweet, so though thy beginning was small, yet thy end should
greatly increase [Job 8:7]. Just as oil is improved only by
pounding, so Israel are brought to repentance only by chastisements.
Just as oil will not mix with other liquids, so Israel do not mix with
the other nations of the world, as it is written: Neither shall thou
make marriages with them[ Deu. 7:3]. Just as oil on top of another
liquid, when the cup is full, does not flow over with other liquids, so
will the words of the Torah not flow over [the lips] in combination with
words of frivolity.