Steffan Andersson on Lilith
Apart from Lilith being Adam's first wife, she
was also thought of as a demon queen with a following
of minor liliths. These could be male as well as
female. The origin of Lilith has been sought both in
Roman and Babylonian demonology. But the question of
origin might be pointless. Trachtenberg, writing about
this says: "My point is that it is possible to belabor
unduly the search for origins outside of the folk-mind
and the folk-tradition." Anyway, Lilith was something
like a demon of family life, on the one hand attacking
infants and pregnant women, on the other hand seducing
men in their sleep "...and cause them to have nocturnal
emissions which are the seed of hybrid progeny."
The male incubi-liliths achieved something similar that served as an explanation for miscarriages. On a Sumerian relief she is depicted as a naked woman having wings and claws . According to J.A. Montgomery: "...the Lilith is associated with the personifications of barrenness and abortion." According to the same writer, she must have been scary to say the least: "...the other evil spirits are most often merely generical (sic.), anonymous, to whom the general compliment of a spell must be paid, but the Liliths are definite terrors, whose malice is specific and whose traits and names are fully known." Well that's about it. There is an article in Folk-Lore 1981 vol. 2 entitled "The Legends of Lilith" of something similar (I haven't read it myself).
 The identification of the relief with Lilith has been disputed, see next post. [AH]
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