Annals of Shalmaneser III

Years 30–unknown (830–8??, BC)

Eastward against Hubushkia, Manash, Parsua;
against Hubushkia, Musasir, Namri;
various people

This translation is based on that of Daniel David Luckenbill in Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia, pp. 200-252 (Chicago, 1926). My contribution has been to update the language and place names—Modern names have been used where possible. Please report errors to me (link at end of page). -Alan Humm

YEAR 30 (830, BC)

The Black Obelisk inscription

(159–174) In my thirtieth year, I was staying in Calah, so I sent turtan Dâian-Assur, commander of my immense armies, at the head of my forces. He crossed the Great Zap River; he approached into the midst of the cities of the Hubushkians. I accepted the tribute from Datana, the Hubushkian and left the area of the cities of the Hubushkians. Then I approached the area of the cities of Magdubi, the Malhisite, where I also accepted tribute and left the area. When I came near to the area of the cities of Ualki, the Mannean, Ualki was terrified of the splendor of my weapons and deserted Zirta, his royal city, going up into the mountains to save his life. I pursued him and brought back his cattle, sheep, and property in countless numbers. I destroyed, devastated, and set fire to his cities. I left Manash and approached the cities of Shulusunu of Harruna. I captured Masashuru and his royal city, along with the towns of its region. I pardoned Shulusunu and his sons and returned him to his land, but I imposed tribute and tax in the form of tamed horses. Then I drew near to Shurdira and accepted the tribute from Artasari, the Shurdirite. I descended upon Parsua. I accepted the tribute from the kings of Parsua, but I captured the rest of Parsua—the cities who were not loyal to Assur. I carried off their spoil and property to Assyria.

YEAR 31 (829, BC)

The Black Obelisk inscription

(174–190) In my thirty-first year, for the second time turned toward Assur and Adad, so at that time, while I remained in Calah, I sent turtan Dâian-Assur, commander of my immense armies, at the head of my forces. He approached the cities ruled by Datana the Hubushkian. I accepted tribute from him. Then I marched against Sapparia, the fortress of the land of Musasir and captured it, along with 46 cities of the Musasirites. I marched as far as the fortresses of the Armenians. I destroyed, devastated, and set fire to 50 of their cities, and then went down and attacked Gilzânu. I accepted the tribute from Upû, the Gilzânite, of the M[...], the [...], the Harranites, the Shashganites, the Andites, and the [...tribute]: cattle, sheep, and tamed horses. I went down against the cities of the land of Tabal. I destroyed, devastated, and set fire to Perria and Shitiuaria, and its strong cities, along with 22 towns of in the area. I poured awe-inspiring terror over them. He attacked the cities of the Parsuans. I captured Bushtu, Shalahamanu, and Kinihamanu, fortified cities, along with 23 towns in the area. I killed their soldiers, and carried off their booty. Next, I came down on the land of Namri. The awe-inspiring terror of Assur and Marduk overwhelmed them, so they deserted their cities, going up into the wild mountains. I destroyed, devastated, and set fire to 250 of their cities. After that, I went down through the passes of Simesi at the head of the land of Aleppo.


The monolith inscription (Kurkh Stele)

A short résumé of the sorties against Ahûni before the fourth year

(2.66–69) Ahûni, son of Adini, had boldly and violently acted against my ancestor kings. At the beginning of my reign, in the year named after me, I left Nineveh and stormed his fortress Til-bursip. I surrounded it with my . . . . soldiers, and fought a battle in the middle of it. I cut down its parks and showered them with a fiery rain of spears. He grew afraid of my awe-inspiring weapons and my lordly splendor, left his city, and crossed the Euphrates to save his life.

The Black Obelisk inscription


(relief band 3) I accepted tribute from the land of Musri: Bactrian camels, a river-buffalo, a sakêa, a sûsu, elephants, monkeys, and apes.
(relief band 4) I accepted tribute from Marduk-apal-usur of Suhi: silver, gold, pitchers of gold, ivory, javelins, bûia, and brightly colored linen garments.

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