Annals of Shalmaneser III

Years 26–29 (834–831, BC)

Against the Cilician Cities;
against Armenia;
against Hattina;
against the land of Kirhi

This translation is based on that of Daniel David Luckenbill in Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia, pp. 200-252 (Chicago, 1926). My contribution has been to update the language and place names—Modern names have been used where possible. Please report errors to me (link at end of page). -Alan Humm

YEAR 26 (834, BC)

The Black Obelisk inscription

(132–141) In my twenty-sixth year, I crossed Mount Amanus for the seventh time; and for the fourth time I marched against the cities ruled by Katei of Cilicia. I besieged Tanakun, the royal city of Tulka. The terrifying splendor of my lord Assur, overpowered him. They came out and prostrated themselves at my fee. I accepted from him hostages, silver, gold, iron, cattle, and sheep as tribute. Then I left Tanakun and attacked Lamenash. The people of the land fled, climbing a steep mountain, so I stormed the mountain peak and captured them. I destroyed, devastated, and set fire to their cities. When I moved on to Tarzi; they prostrated themselves at my feet, so I accepted silver and gold as their tribute. I appointed Kirri, brother of Kattei, as their king. On my return I ascended Mount Amanus, cut cedar timbers, and carried them away, bringing them to my city, Assur.

YEAR 27 (833, BC)

The Black Obelisk inscription

(141–146) In my twenty-seventh year, I mustered my chariots and troops. At the head of my armies I sent turtan Dâian-Assur, commander of my immense armies, against Armenia. He went down and attacked Bît-Zamâni, entering by the pass of Ammash and crossing the Arzania river. Sêduri, the Armenian, heard about it and trusted the strength of his many troops, so he advanced against me to offer battle. I fought with him and was able to defeat him. I filled the wide plain with the bodies of his soldiers.

YEAR 28 (832, BC)

The Black Obelisk inscription

(146–156) In my twenty-eighth year, while I was staying in Calah, word was brought me that the people of Hattina had slain their lord Lubarna, and had raised Surri, who was not of royal blood, to the kingship over them. I dispatched turtan Dâian-Assur, commander of my immense armies—sending him at the head of my army and camp. He crossed the Euphrates at its flood and came to a halt in Kinalua, the royal city. The awe-inspiring splendor of Assur, my lord overcame Surri, who not being of royal blood, went to his death. The people of Hattina, being afraid before the terror of my mighty weapons; seized Surri’s sons, together with the insurrectionists and delivered them to me. I impaled these rebels on stakes. Sâsi the Uzzite, prostrated himself at my feet, so I appointed him over them as king. I accepted silver, gold, lead, copper, iron, and ivory without measure from them. I made a heroic image of my royal self and had it set up in his temple in Kinalua, his royal city.

YEAR 29 (831, BC)

The Black Obelisk inscription

(156–159) In my twenty-ninth year, I dispatched and sent an army against Kirhi. I destroyed, devastated, and set fire to their cities. I overwhelmed their lands like a flood and poured awe-inspiring terror over them.

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