Annals of Shalmaneser III

Years 19–25 (841–835, BC)

To Mount Amanus;
against Cilicia;
against Hazael;
against Tabal;
against Aslantepe;
against Namri;
against Cilicia

This translation is based on that of Daniel David Luckenbill in Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia, pp. 200-252 (Chicago, 1926). My contribution has been to update the language and place names—Modern names have been used where possible. Please report errors to me (link at end of page). -Alan Humm

YEAR 19 (841, BC)

The Black Obelisk inscription

(99–100) In my nineteenth year, I crossed the Euphrates for the eighteenth time. I went up on Mount Amanus and cut cedar timbers.

YEAR 20 (840, BC)

The Black Obelisk inscription

(100–102) In my twentieth year, I crossed the Euphrates for the twentieth time. I went down and attacked the land of Cilicia, capturing their cities, and carrying off their spoil.

YEAR 21 (839, BC)

The Black Obelisk inscription

(102–104) In my twenty-first year, I crossed the Euphrates for the twenty-first time. I advanced against the cities of Hazael of Syria and captured four of them. I accepted gifts of the Tyrians, Sidonians, and Jubaylians.

YEAR 22 (838, BC)

The Black Obelisk inscription

(104–107) In my twenty-second year, I crossed the Euphrates for the twenty-second time. I went down and attacked the land of Tabal where I received the gifts from 24 kings of Tabal. Then I move on to Mount Taurus, the silver mountain, and Mount Mulî, the marble mountain.

YEAR 23 (837, BC)

The Black Obelisk inscription

(107–110) In my twenty-third year, I crossed the Euphrates. I captured Uetash, the royal city of Lalla of the land of Aslantepe The kings of the land of Tabal arrived and I accepted their gifts.

YEAR 24 (836, BC)

The Black Obelisk inscription

(110–126) In my the twenty-fourth year, I crossed over the Little Zap River. I advanced through the land of Hashimur and went down to the land of Namri. King Ianzû of Namri, was frightened before my mighty weapons, and he went up into the mountains to save his life. I captured Sihishalah, Bît-tamul, Bît-sakki, and Bît-shedi, his fortified cities, killed his soldiers, and carried off his spoil. I destroyed, devastated, and set fire to his cities. The rest of them went up into the mountains, so I stormed and captured the mountain peak and killed their soldiers, bringing down their booty and goods. After I left from Namri, I received gifts from 27 kings of the land of Parsua. Then I left Parsua, went down to the lands of Messi and the Medes, the lands of Araziash and Harhâr and captured the Tarzanabi, Esamul, and Kinablila, along with the towns in the vicinity. I killed their soldiers, carried off their spoil, and destroyed, devastated, and set fire to their cities. I set up my royal image in the land of Harhâr. I captured Ianzû, son of Haban and brought him to Assyria, along with his great wealth, his gods, his sons, his daughters, and his many soldiers.

YEAR 25 (835, BC)

The Black Obelisk inscription

(126–131) In my twenty-fifth year, I crossed the Euphrates at its flood and received the gifts from all the kings of Hatti. I crossed over Mount Amanus to the cities ruled by Katei in the land of Cilicia. I went down, stormed, and captured Timur, his royal city. I killed their warriors, carried off their spoil and destroyed, devastated, and set fire to countless cities. On my return, I seized Mûru, the royal city of Arame, son of Agusi, as a fortress for myself. I strengthened its thresholds and built a palace in it for my royal residence.

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