Annals of Shalmaneser III

Years 12–14 (848–846, BC)

Against Pakarhubuna;
against Iaeti;
against the Syrian allies

This translation is based on that of Daniel David Luckenbill in Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia, pp. 200-252 (Chicago, 1926). My contribution has been to update the language and place names—Modern names have been used where possible. Please report errors to me (link at end of page). -Alan Humm

YEAR 12 (848, BC)

Fragments of the royal annals

B. FROM CALAH

(3. lines 96–98) In my twelfth year, I left from Nineveh, and crossed the Euphrates for the tenth time. I marched against the land of Pakarahubuni. The inhabitants ran away to the steep mountain, so I stormed the mountain peak, captured it and slew their people. I brought down their booty, and their goods, out of the mountain.

The Black Obelisk inscription

(89–90) In my twelfth year, I crossed the Euphrates for the tenth time and marched against the land of Pakar-hubuna, carrying off their spoil.

YEAR 13 (847, BC)

Fragments of the royal annals

B. FROM CALAH

(lines 98–99) In my thirteenth year, I entered the pass of the city of Ishtarâte, I marched against the land of Iâtu, and captured it completely; I killed its inhabitants and carried off their booty I in huge quantities.

The Black Obelisk inscription

(90–91) In my thirteenth year, I went up against the land of Iaeti and carried off their spoil.

YEAR 14 (846, BC)

Fragments of the royal annals

B. FROM CALAH

(3. lines 99–102) In my fourteenth year, I mustered the people of the whole wide land, in countless numbers. I crossed the Euphrates at its flood with 120,000 of my soldiers.

At that time Hadad-ezer of Damascus, Irhuleni of Hama, along with 12 kings of the upper and the lower seacoast, mustered their numerous armies—countless soldiers—and advanced against me. I battled with them, defeated them, destroyed their chariots, and cavalry, and appropriated their weapons of war. They fled for their lives.

The Black Obelisk inscription

(92–93) In my fourteenth year, I mustered all the resources of my land and crossed the Euphrates. Twelve kings advanced to meet me. I battled with them and successfully overthrew them.

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