Annals of Shalmaneser III

Years 10–11 (850–849, BC)

Against Sangara of Carchemish;
against Hadad-ezer & allies

This translation is based on that of Daniel David Luckenbill in Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia, pp. 200-252 (Chicago, 1926). My contribution has been to update the language and place names—Modern names have been used where possible. Please report errors to me (link at end of page). -Alan Humm

YEAR 10 (850, BC)

Bronze Gates of Balâwât

BAND 12

(upper register) I captured Arnê, the city of Arame

(lower register) I captured …agdâ, the city of Arame, son of Gusi

Fragments of the royal annals

B. FROM CALAH

(3. lines 84–89) In my tenth year I crossed the Euphrates an eighth time. I destroyed, devastated, and set fire to the cities of Sangar of Carchemish. Then I left the cities of the Caehemisian, and approached the cities of Arame, capturing Arnê, his royal city. I destroyed, devastated, and set fire to it along with l00 nearby cities. I killed their inhabitants, and carried off their spoil.

At that time Hadad-ezer of Syria, Irhuleni of Hama, together with 12 kings of the seacoast, trusted in each other’s might and advanced against me, offering battle and combat. I fought with them, and defeated them, taking from them their chariots, cavalry, and weapons of war. They fled for their lives.

C. ADDITIONAL FRAGMENTS FROM ASSUR

2. (KAH, II #110 (rev.)) In my tenth year, I crossed the Euphrates for the eighth time……from the cities of Carchemish to. . . . . . . together with 100 cities in the area. At that time Hadad-ezer of [Damascus]…… trusted in one another’s might…… I was able to defeat them. Their chariots …….

The Black Obelisk inscription

(85–86) In my tenth year, I crossed the Euphrates for the eighth time. I captured the cities of Sangara of Carchemish and advanced against the cities of Arame. I captured Arnê, his royal city, along with 100 of his small cities.

YEAR 11 (849, BC)

Bronze Gates of Balâwât

BAND 13

(upper register) I captured Ashtamaku, the royal city of Irhulêni in Hama, along with 86 cities

Fragments of the royal annals

B. FROM CALAH

(3. lines 90–96) In my eleventh year, I left from Nineveh, crossing the Euphrates at its flood for the ninth time. I captured 97 cities of Sangar, then captured, destroyed, devastated, and set fire to 100 cities of Arame. I kept to the side of Mount Amanus, crossed Mount Iaraku, and descended against the cities of Syria. I captured the city of Ashtamaku, together with 99 smaller cities, killing their inhabitants, and carrying off their spoil.

At that time Hadad-ezer of Damascus, Irhuleni of Hama, together with 12 kings of the seacoast, trusted in each other’s might and advanced against me, offering battle and combat. I fought with them; I defeated them, killing10,000 of their soldiers. I took their chariots, cavalry, and weapons of war.

On my return march, I captured Apparazu, the fortress of Arame. At that time I received the tribute from Kalparundi of Hattina—silver, gold, lead, horses, cattle, sheep, and woolen and linen garments. I went up Mount Amanus and cut cedar logs.

C. ADDITIONAL FRAGMENTS FROM ASSUR

2. (KAH, II #110 (rev.)) In my eleventh year, [I left] from Nineveh…...[the cities of Arame] ……

The Black Obelisk inscription

(87–89) In my eleventh year, I crossed the Euphrates for the ninth time. I captured numerous cities. Then I came down upon the cities in the land of Syria where I captured 89 of them. Hadad-ezer of Damascus and twelve kings from the land of Hatti stood by each other, but I succeeded in overthrowing them.

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