Annals of Shalmaneser III
Year 4 (856, BC)
Defeat & capture of Ahûni; against Zamua
|This translation is based on that of Daniel David Luckenbill in Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia, pp. 200-252 (Chicago, 1926). My contribution has been to update the language and place names—Modern names have been used where possible. Please report errors to me (link at end of page). -Alan Humm|
The monolith inscription (Kurkh Stele)
(2.69–78) The next year, the year named after Assurbânaia-usur, I pursued him. He had made Mount Shîtamrat, a mountain peak on the bank of the Euphrates, which is like a cloud hanging from the heavens, into his fortress. At the command of my lord Assur, the great lord, and Nergal, who goes before me, I approached Mount Shîtamrat, into which none of my ancestors, had come. In three days the hero conquered the mountain, his stout heart bent on battle,—on his own feet he climbed up, and overcame the mountain. Ahûni trusted in his widely spread army and came out against me. He drew up the battle line. I hurled the weapons of my lord Assur among them, bringing on their defeat. I cut off his soldier’s heads. I dyed the mountain with the blood of his soldiers. Large numbers of his men hurled themselves off the cliffs of the mountain. I fought a terrible battle in the middle of his city. The awe-inspiring splendor of my lord Assur overwhelmed them, they came down; they prostrated themselves at my feet. Ahûni with his armies, chariots, cavalry, and the lavish and immeasurable wealth of his palace, came before me. I had the booty taken across the Tigris, brought to my city Assur, and distributed it among the peoples of my land. In the same year I marched against the land of Mazamua, entered the pass into the land of Bunagish, and approached the cities of Nikdime and Nikdiera. They were afraid of my mighty, awe-inspiring weapons and my grim warfare, and tried to escape on the sea in wicker(?) boats. I followed after them in goat-skin boats, fought a great battle on the sea, and defeated them. I dyed the sea with their blood like wool.
Bronze Gates of Balâwât
Fragments of the royal annals
The Black Obelisk inscription
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