Annals of Shalmaneser III
Year 1 (859, BC)
To the Mediterranean
|This translation is based on that of Daniel David Luckenbill in Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia, pp. 200-252 (Chicago, 1926). My contribution has been to update the language and place names—Modern names have been used where possible. Please report errors to me (link at end of page). -Alan Humm|
The monolith inscription (Kurkh Stele)
(1.29–2.13) On the 13th of Airu, I left Nineveh, crossed the Tigris, and came through the lands of Hasamu and Dihnunu to the city of La’la’ti, ruled by Ahûni, son of Adini. Overwhelmed by the terrorizing fear of my lord Assur, they fled into the mountains. I destroyed, devastated and set fire to the city, left La’la’ti and came to Kika, Ahûni’s royal city. He trusted in the size of his army, and came out to fight me. But I trusted in Assur and my lords, the great gods, so I defeated him, trapping him in his city. Then I left and came to Burmar’ana, one of his cities, which I stormed and captured, killing 300 of their soldiers. I build a pyramid of their heads in front of the city. I accepted tribute from the Hapini the Til-abnite, from Ga’uni the Sallite, and from Giri-Adad the …ite—silver, gold, cattle sheep, and wine. Leaving Burnar’ana I crossed the Euphrates using goat-skin rafts. There I accepted tribute from Katazilu of Commagene—silver,gold, cattle, sheep, and wine. I approached Pakarruhbuni and Ahûni’s cities on the other side of the Euphrates. I overthrew the whole land turning his cities into ruins. I filled the wide plain with his fallen soldiers, killing 1,300 of them. I left Pakarruhbuni and arrived at the cities ruled by Mutalli the Gurgumean. Mutalli gave me silver, gold, cattle, wine, and his daughter (with her expensive dowry). So I left Gurgum and came against Lutibu, the royal city of Haianu the Sam’alite. Haianu, with Sapalulme the Hattinite, Ahûni son of Adini, and Sangara of Carchemish (they trusted in each other’s help), prepared for battle and came out to resist me. I fought and defeated them, using the mighty power of Nergal, who goes before me, and the terrible weapons which the lord Assur gave me, I killed their soldiers. Like Adad, I rained destruction upon them; and piled them up in the moat and filled the wide plain with the bodies of their soldiers. I dyed the mountains like red wool with their blood, and took many chariots and tamed horses. I build a pyramid of heads in front of his city, and destroyed, devastated, and set fire to his other cities.
Bronze Gates of Balâwât
Fragments of the royal annals
The Black Obelisk inscription
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