Annals of Shalmaneser III
Year of accession (860, BC)
Against the city of Aridu
It is the general consensus of modern scholars (since the work of Edwin R. Thiele) that ancient near eastern kings (including Israelite kings) counted their years not from the beginning of their reign, but from the first New Year (Rosh Hashannah for Israeli kings) of their reign. The period between their enthronement and the first New Year could be any length of time from one to 364 days. Modern scholars call that the ‘year of accession.’|
This translation is based on that of Daniel David Luckenbill in Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia, pp. 200-252 (Chicago, 1926). My contribution has been to update the language and place names—Modern names have been used where possible. Please report errors to me (link at end of page). -Alan Humm
The monolith inscription (Kurkh Stele)
(1.12–29) At that time, at the beginning of my kingship, in my first year of reign, when I solemnly took my place on the royal throne, I mustered my chariots and armies, and entered the passes of Simesi. When I came to Aridi, the royal city of Ninni, I stormed and captured it. I burned up their youths and their maidens in its fire. While I was in Aridi I received the tribute from the Hargeans, Harmaseans, Simeseans, Siresheans, and Ulmaneans—tamed horses, cattle, sheep, and wine. Then I left Aridi and encountered difficult roads, steep mountains, with summits pushing into the heavens like the blade of an iron dagger. I cut through with bronze and copper pickaxes, and lead chariots and troops over them. When I came to Hubuskia, with its 100 neighboring cities, I burned them up. Kakia, king of Nairîland got afraid of my terrible weapons and escaped with his armies into the high mountains. So I climbed the mountain after them, and fought a bloody battle there among the mountains. I completely defeated them and bought back chariots, troops, and tamed horses with me from the mountains. They were struck by the terrorizing fear of Assur, my lord, so they came down and prostrated at my feet. I imposed tribute and tax on them. Then I left Hubushkia and came to Sugunia, royal city of Arame, approaching the Armenians. I stormed the city and captured it, killing multitudes of their soldiers, and carrying off their booty. I built a pyramid of heads in front of their city. I set fire to the neighboring cities and left Sugunia, going down to the sea of Nairîland. I washed my weapons in the sea, offered sacrifices to my gods, and made a statue of myself (the glory of the great lord Assur, my lord) and inscribed the story of my great power; I set it up by the sea. Coming back, I received tribute from Asû the Guzanite—horses, cattle, sheep wine, two Bactrian camels; I brought them to my city of Assur.
Bronze Gates of Balâwât
Fragments of the royal annals
The Black Obelisk inscription
|Return to Shalmeneser III Index||
Page: © Copyright 1995-2011 Alan Humm.
Comments and corrections: