World Religions Fall 2001 Quiz #6 makeup 12/11/01Name:______________________

Respond to the following essay questions. Be succinct -- information is much more important than volume. This is due by exam time (6:00 PM) on Tuesday, Dec. 18.

Many religious traditions have struggled with the problem of how the dedicated renunciant members of the community should relate to the larger circle of adherents who cannot become monks or nuns for one reason or another. How was this problem addressed by the early Buddhist community? How does this issue continue to underlie some of the fundamental differences between Mahayana and Theravada Buddhist traditions?

Contrast the role of the bodhisattva in Mahayana Buddhism with the idea the boddhisattva in Theravada Buddhist tradtitions. Who is Maitreya? In which tradition is he important, and why?

Discuss the roles of women in Buddhism. How do marriage and family fit into the various traditions? What are the issues surrounding Buddhist nuns? How are they different from tradition to tradition? Can a woman become an arhat? Bodhisattva?