In conclusion, individuals are ridiculed for effeminacy, for
participation in homosexual activity, or for both together. Although,
there is one obvious factor which is that there are different sexual
attitudes in different classes. The on going segregation of women of
citizen status was possible only in households which owned enough
slaves and could not afford to confine it women to a leisure
enlivened only by the exercise of domestic crafts such as weaving
and spinning. This degree of segregation was simply not possible in
poorer families; the women who sold bread and vegetables in the
market - Athenian women, not resident aliens - were not segregated,
and there must have been plenty of women in the countryside who
took a hand in work on the land and drove animals to the market.
The subject of the segregation and the obstacles to love affairs
between citizens' sons and citizens' daughters lose their validity as
one goes down the social scale. Where there are love-affairs, both
boys and girls can have decided views on whom they wish to marry.
Boren, Henry. The Ancient World: An Historical
Perspective. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall,
Cary, Max. A History of the Greek World. London:
Methuen and Co., 1932.
Danielou, Jean. Gospel Message and the Hellenistic
Culture. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1973.
Livingstone, R.W. Greeks Ideals and Modern Life.
Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1935.
Mahaffy, J.P. Old Greek Life. New York: D. Appleton and
Martin, Luther H. Hellenistic Religions. Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 1987.
Nash, Ronald H. Christianity and the Helenistic World.
Michigan: Zondervan Publishing, 1984.
Saxonhouse, Arlene W. Women in the History of Political
Thought. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1985.
Toynbee, Arnold J. Hellenism: The History of a
Civilization. London: Oxford University Press, 1959.
Turner, Ralph E. Great Cultural Traditions. New York:
Mcgraw-Hill Book Company, 1941.
March 25, 1996
Intro. to the New Testament
by Rebecca Ott