Greek Intro

(handout #3)

Definite Article (the)

masc. fem. neut. masc. fem. neut.
Nominative τό οἱ αῖ τά
Genitive τοῦ τῆς τοῦ τῶν τῶν τῶν
Dative τῷ τῇ τῷ τοῖς ταῖς τοῖς
Accusative τόν τήν τό τούς τάς τά

An adjective (ἀγαθός = good)

masc. fem. neut. masc. fem. neut.
Nominative ἀγαθός ἀγαθή ἀγαθόν ἀγαθοί ἀγαθαί ἀγαθά
Genitive ἀγαθοῦ ἀγαθῆς ἀγαθοῦ ἀγαθῶν ἀγαθῶν ἀγαθῶν
Dative ἀγαθῷ ἀγαθῇ ἀγαθῷ ἀγαθοίς ἀγαθαῖς ἀγαθοίς
Accusative ἀγαθόν ἀγαθήν ἀγαθόν ἀγαθούς ἀγαθάς ἀγαθά
Vocative ἀγαθέ ἀγαθή ἀγαθόν ἀγαθοί ἀγαθαί ἀγαθά

Regular first declension nouns: λόγ = word; γραφ = write; ἔργ = work

masc. fem. neut. masc. fem. neut.
Nominative λόγος γραφή ἔργον λόγοι γραφαί ἔργα
Genitive λόγου γραφῆς ἔργου λόγων γραφῶν ἔργων
Dative λόγῳ γραφῄ ἔργῳ λόγοις γραφαῖς ἔργοις
Accusative λόγον γραφήν ἔργον λόγους γραφάς ἔργα
Vocative λόγε γραφή ἔργον λόγοι γραφαί ἔργα


Greek English Cognate Greek English Cognate
ἀδελφός, -οῦ, brother (Philadelpia) ἀπό w/gen. from (apogee)
ἀνήρ, ἀνδρος, ὁ man (android) διά w/gen. through (diameter)
ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ person, human (anthropology) εἰς w/acc. into (eisegesis = imposing meaning on a text)
γυνή, γυναικός, ἡ woman (gynecology) ἐκ, ἐξ w/gen. out of, from (exit)
γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ writing (graphics) ἐν w/dat. in, by (energy [inner work])
ἐγώ I (ego) ἐπί w/gen. over, when; w/dat. based on, at; w/acc. on, against (epidermis)
ἔργον, -ου, τό work (ergonomics) κατά, καθ’ w/gen. down from; w/acc. according to, during (catapult [toss down] )
θεός, -οῦ, ὁ G/god (theology) ὅτι that, because  
κύριος, -ου, ὁ lord, sir (kyrie) πρός w/acc. to, towards, with (prosthesis [attached to])
λόγος, -ου, ὁ word, reason (logic) ὡς as, that, how, about  
σύ you (=su in Spanish) δέ but, and  
τις, τι someone/thing   γάρ for  
τίς, τί who?, what?, why?   ἀλλά but, except  
ἀγαθός, -ή, -ό good (Agatha) ἐάν if  
ἅγιος, -α -ον holy (hagiography) εἰ if  
πᾶς, πᾶσα, πᾶν all (neut. pl.: all things) (pandemic [all community]) or  
αὐτός, -ή, -ό himself, he, same (automobile) ἵνα In order that  
ὁ, ἡ, τό the   καί and, even, indeed  
ὅς, ἥ, ὅ who(?), which(?)   μή not, lest  
οὕτος, αὕτη, τοῦτο this; he, her, it   οὐ, οὐκ, οὐχ not (utopia)

Some (mostly) verbless sentences

  1. ὁ ἀδελφός ὁ ἀγαθός
  2. ἀγαθός ὁ ἀδελφός.
  3. ἄνθρωπος τις ἀνήρ, ἄνθρωπη δέ γυνή.
  4. κύριος αὐτός ὡς θεός.
  5. ἡ αὐτή ἅγια οὐκ ἐγώ.
  6. κατά κύριου ἡ γραφή.
  7. τίς ἀνήρ σύ;
  8. οὐχ εἰμι [I am] ὁ κύριος.
  9. τὸ δέ ἔργον τοῦ ἀδελφοῦ τοῦ ἅγιου ἐν τῇ γραφῂ ἀγαθή καί κατά κύριου.
  10. ἐκ τῆς γυναικός τῆς ἀδελφή ερχεται [comes] πᾶντα ἀγαθά.
  11. διά τῆς γραφῆς ὁ θεός λεγε [speaks]