Ancient Jewish Accounts of Jesus
The so called Testimonium
Flavianum. This is the only direct discussion of Jesus
to be found in the writings of Josephus.
Celsus. This is, presumably, a portion of the anti-Christian polemic written by Celsus in the 2nd c. CE.
Tertullian. Tertullian's summary of Jewish response to the gospel accounts.
Yeshu and Joshua b. Perachiah. This is a story from the Babylonian Gemara about someone who may, or may not be Jesus.
Simeon b. Azzai discovers the record of an illegitimate birth: the only presumed reference to Jesus in the Mishna.
Baraitha: Redeeming evidence sought. An account of the heresy trial of someone named Yeshu.
The Toldoth Yeshu. This is a derogatory version of the life of Jesus, growing out of the response of the Jewish community to Christianity.
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